Nordic Combined

Facts

Discipline of Skiing
Participants 627
NOCs 33
Competitions held 37 (Venues)
Distinct events 10
IF Fédération internationale de ski

Description

Nordic combined consists of a cross-country ski race and ski jumping. Originally it was considered the most important Nordic skiing event by the Scandinavians and has been held at the Olympic Winter Games since the start in 1924. Norway has been most successful in this sport, winning 11 of the 31 titles through 2010. While three Olympians have won three titles in Nordic Combined, East German Ulrich Wehling stands out as the greatest competitor, winning the title three times in a row, at a time when just one combined event was held. Felix Gottwald (AUT) and [Eric Frenzel] (GER) have also won three gold medals, with Gottwald winning 7 medals in all, and Frenzel 6. The sport is governed internationally by the Fédération international de ski (FIS), which had 132 members as of 2020. The FIS also governs Alpine skiing, freestyle skiing, ski jumping, and snowboarding.

As of 2020, the number of events has grown to three, all for men only. The two individual events both feature 10 km cross-country skiing, preceded by a ski jump from either the large hill or the normal hill. In the team team event, first introduced in 1988, each member takes a jump from the large hill, followed by a 4×5 km relay. In each cross-country race, the ski jumping leader starts first, with the others competitors starting behind him, with the delay determined by the difference in ski jumping points. Through 2018 Nordic combined was the only Winter Olympic discipline with no events for women although that will likely change in the near future, although Nordic combined has not been accepted for the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics.

All-time medal table

Olympic Games

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
Norway NOR 13 10 8 31
Germany GER 6 5 5 16
Finland FIN 4 8 2 14
Austria AUT 3 2 10 15
East Germany GDR 3 0 4 7
Japan JPN 2 3 0 5
France FRA 2 1 1 4
West Germany FRG 2 1 0 3
United States USA 1 3 0 4
Switzerland SUI 1 2 1 4
Soviet Union URS 0 1 2 3
Sweden SWE 0 1 1 2
Italy ITA 0 0 1 1
Poland POL 0 0 1 1
Russian Federation RUS 0 0 1 1

Youth Olympic Games

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
Austria AUT 2 0 0 2
Czech Republic CZE 1 0 1 2
Germany GER 1 0 1 2
Finland FIN 0 2 0 2
Japan JPN 0 1 1 2
United States USA 0 1 0 1
Norway NOR 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Samppa Lajunen FIN 3 2 0 5
Felix Gottwald AUT 3 1 3 7
Eric Frenzel GER 3 1 2 6
Ulrich Wehling GDR 3 0 0 3
Fred Børre Lundberg NOR 2 2 0 4
Bjarte Engen Vik NOR 2 1 1 4
Johannes Rydzek GER 2 1 1 4
Takanori Kono JPN 2 1 0 3
Jørgen Graabak NOR 2 1 0 3
Mario Stecher AUT 2 0 2 4

Youth Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Tomáš Portyk CZE 1 0 0 1
Lisa-Marie Hirner AUT 1 0 0 1
Stefan Rettenegger AUT 1 0 0 1
Tim Kopp GER 1 0 0 1
Ilkka Herola FIN 0 1 0 1
Ben Loomis USA 0 1 0 1
Perttu Reponen FIN 0 1 0 1
Ayane Miyazaki JPN 0 1 0 1
Ondřej Pažout CZE 0 0 1 1
Go Yamamoto JPN 0 0 1 1
Jenny Nowak GER 0 0 1 1
Sebastian Østvold NOR 0 0 1 1

Event types

Name Gender Still contested? Times held?
Normal Hill / 10 km, Individual Men 3
Large Hill / 10 km, Individual Men 3
Team Men 9
Medium Hill / 10 km, Individual Boys 1
Normal Hill / 5 km, Individual Boys 1
Normal Hill / 6 km, Individual Boys 1
Normal Hill / 4 km, Individual Girls 1
Team Mixed Youth 0
Individual Men 20
Sprint Men 2