Ski Jumping

Facts

Discipline of Skiing
Participants 930
NOCs 39
Competitions held 49 (Venues)
Distinct events 10
IF Fédération internationale de ski

Description

Jumping off hills on skis was pioneered by Norwegian Sondre Norheim in the 19th century, and had developed into a full sport by the 20th century. It has been contested in the Olympic Winter Games since the start in 1924. Originally dominated by participants from Norway, the top competitors now also hail from Finland and Central Europe. Two athletes, Simon Ammann and Matti Nykänen, have won four gold medals in the sport, with Nykänen the only ski jumper with five Olympic medals. The sport is governed internationally by the Fédération international de ski (FIS), which had 132 members as of 2020. The FIS also governs Alpine skiing, freestyle skiing, Nordic combined, and snowboarding.

In 2009, women began competing at World Championships, and women’s ski jumping débuted at the Winter Olympics in 2014. There are two types of hills used, a normal hill and a large hill. Three men’s events are currently contested at the Olympics – a normal hill event, a large hill event, and a team event; while woman currently have only an individual normal hill competition. The exact size of the hills, most commonly measured by the distance of the calculation point (or K-point), has gradually increased. In 1924, the normal hill K-point was still at 71 m; in 2010 it was at 95 m, while the large hill was at 125 m.

All-time medal table

Olympic Games

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
Norway NOR 11 10 14 35
Finland FIN 10 8 4 22
Germany GER 7 6 2 15
Austria AUT 6 9 10 25
Poland POL 4 3 2 9
Switzerland SUI 4 1 0 5
Japan JPN 3 5 4 12
East Germany GDR 2 3 2 7
Czechoslovakia TCH 1 2 4 7
Soviet Union URS 1 0 0 1
Slovenia SLO 0 1 2 3
Sweden SWE 0 1 1 2
Yugoslavia YUG 0 1 1 2
France FRA 0 0 1 1
United States USA 0 0 1 1

Youth Olympic Games

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
Slovenia SLO 4 2 1 7
Austria AUT 2 0 2 4
Germany GER 1 2 1 4
Japan JPN 1 1 1 3
Russian Federation RUS 1 1 0 2
Norway NOR 0 2 0 2
France FRA 0 1 1 2
Canada CAN 0 0 1 1
Czech Republic CZE 0 0 1 1
Italy ITA 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Matti Nykänen FIN 4 1 0 5
Simon Ammann SUI 4 0 0 4
Jens Weißflog GDR
GER
3 1 0 4
Thomas Morgenstern AUT 3 1 0 4
Kamil Stoch POL 3 0 1 4
Andreas Wellinger GER 2 2 0 4
Birger Ruud NOR 2 1 0 3
Kazuyoshi Funaki JPN 2 1 0 3
Andreas Kofler AUT 2 1 0 3
Toni Nieminen FIN 2 0 1 3

Youth Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Ema Klinec SLO 2 0 0 2
Marco Wörgötter AUT 2 0 0 2
Bor Pavlovčič SLO 2 0 0 2
Katharina Althaus GER 1 1 0 2
Anže Lanišek SLO 1 1 0 2
Andreas Wellinger GER 1 0 0 1
Sara Takanashi JPN 1 0 0 1
Vid Vrhovnik SLO 1 0 0 1
Lisa-Marie Hirner AUT 1 0 0 1
Stefan Rettenegger AUT 1 0 0 1
Anna Shpynyova RUS 1 0 0 1
Julia Mühlbacher AUT 1 0 0 1
Tom Lubitz GER 1 0 0 1

Event types

Name Gender Still contested? Times held?
Normal Hill, Individual Men 23
Large Hill, Individual Men 15
Large Hill, Team Men 9
Normal Hill, Individual Women 2
Medium Hill, Individual Boys 1
Normal Hill, Individual Boys 2
Medium Hill, Individual Girls 1
Normal Hill, Individual Girls 2
Medium Hill, Team Mixed Youth 1
Normal Hill, Team Mixed Youth 2