|Dates||1 – 1 December 1956|
The 1956 Olympic canoeing program was precisely the same as it had been in 1948 and 1952, with nine events, one for women (kayak singles 500 metres), and eight for men, four in kayak and four in Canadian canoes. Men contested four sprint canoe events over 1,000 metres, kayak and Canadian singles and doubles.
The events were contested at Lake Wendouree in Ballarat, Victoria, a town about 105 km west-north-west of Melbourne. Lake Wendouree also hosted the 1956 rowing events. The lake is an artificial one that was created in 1851 when the outlet stream from a swamp was dammed, creating a recreational lake that has been used ever since by the citizens of Ballarat for boating and swimming.
|Kayak Singles, 1,000 metres, Men||Olympic||1 December 1956||13||13|
|Kayak Doubles, 1,000 metres, Men||Olympic||1 December 1956||30||15|
|Canadian Singles, 1,000 metres, Men||Olympic||1 December 1956||9||9|
|Canadian Doubles, 1,000 metres, Men||Olympic||1 December 1956||20||10|
|Kayak Singles, 500 metres, Women||Olympic||1 December 1956||10||10|
|81 (71/10)||17 (17/10)|
|Kayak Singles, 1,000 metres, Men||Gert Fredriksson||SWE||Igor Pisarev||URS||Lajos Kiss||HUN|
|Kayak Doubles, 1,000 metres, Men||Unified Team of Germany||GER||Soviet Union||URS||Austria||AUT|
|Canadian Singles, 1,000 metres, Men||Leon Rotman||ROU||István Hernek||HUN||Gennady Bukharin||URS|
|Canadian Doubles, 1,000 metres, Men||Romania||ROU||Soviet Union||URS||Hungary||HUN|
|Kayak Singles, 500 metres, Women||Yelizaveta Dementyeva||URS||Therese Zenz||GER||Tove Søby||DEN|