|Dates||16 – 22 February 1980|
In 1978, there were two major rule changes made in biathlon. First, small caliber guns with the .22LR rimfire cartridge were standardized. Second, the shooting range for all shootings was reduced to 50 metres.
In the 1980 Olympics, mechanical target marking was used for the first time. A new event, the 10 km sprints was introduced on the Olympic Program, with two shooting rounds and a penalty loop of 150 m skied for each missed target. The event had been on the World Championships program since 1974.
|10 kilometres Sprint, Men||Olympic||19 February 1980||50||18|
|20 kilometres, Men||Olympic||16 February 1980||49||18|
|4 × 7.5 kilometres Relay, Men||Olympic||22 February 1980||60||15|
|76 (76/0)||18 (18/0)|
|10 kilometres Sprint, Men||Frank Ullrich||GDR||Vladimir Alikin||URS||Anatoly Alyabyev||URS|
|20 kilometres, Men||Anatoly Alyabyev||URS||Frank Ullrich||GDR||Eberhard Rösch||GDR|
|4 × 7.5 kilometres Relay, Men||Soviet Union||URS||East Germany||GDR||West Germany||FRG|