Swimming has been contested at every Olympic Games of the modern era and 1912 at Stockholm was no exception. But the big swimming news in Stockholm was the inclusion of events for women. While women had competed at the Olympics in 1900-1908 in archery, croquet, golf, tennis, and yachting, this was the first time that women were admitted to the Olympic Program in one of the “major” sports on the program. It would not be until 1928 that women would be allowed to compete in the Olympic Games in track & field athletics.
This decision was made by the IOC in Luxembourg in 1910 at their 11th Session. The IOC Membership voted unanimously to accept women in Olympic competition in gymnastics, swimming, and tennis. Originally, the Swedish Olympic Committee planned women’s competitions in the 100 metre freestyle and in plain high diving (see Diving). Eventually, it was decided to also allow women to compete in a freestyle relay race.
The swimming competitions were held at Djurgårdsbrunnsviken, an inlet not far from the Stockholm city center. A stadium set-up was built in the inlet and a swimming course of 100 metres was arranged, bounded on one side by land, on the opposite end by a steamboat pier, and enclosed on each side by pontoons.
|100 metres Freestyle, Men||Olympic||6 – 10 July 1912||34||12|
|400 metres Freestyle, Men||Olympic||11 – 14 July 1912||26||13|
|1,500 metres Freestyle, Men||Olympic||6 – 10 July 1912||19||11|
|4 x 200 metres Freestyle Relay, Men||Olympic||12 – 15 July 1912||20||5|
|100 metres Backstroke, Men||Olympic||9 – 13 July 1912||18||7|
|200 metres Breaststroke, Men||Olympic||7 – 10 July 1912||24||11|
|400 metres Breaststroke, Men||Olympic||8 – 12 July 1912||17||10|
|100 metres Freestyle, Women||Olympic||8 – 12 July 1912||27||8|
|4 x 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Women||Olympic||15 July 1912||16||4|
|120 (93/27)||17 (17/8)|
|100 metres Freestyle, Men||Duke Kahanamoku||USA||Cecil Healy||ANZ||Ken Huszagh||USA|
|400 metres Freestyle, Men||George Hodgson||CAN||Jack Hatfield||GBR||Harold Hardwick||ANZ|
|1,500 metres Freestyle, Men||George Hodgson||CAN||Jack Hatfield||GBR||Harold Hardwick||ANZ|
|4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay, Men||Australasia||ANZ||United States||USA||Great Britain||GBR|
|100 metres Backstroke, Men||Harry Hebner||USA||Otto Fahr||GER||Paul Kellner||GER|
|200 metres Breaststroke, Men||Walter Bathe||GER||Willy Lützow||GER||Paul Malisch||GER|
|400 metres Breaststroke, Men||Walter Bathe||GER||Thor Henning||SWE||Percy Courtman||GBR|
|100 metres Freestyle, Women||Fanny Durack||ANZ||Mina Wylie||ANZ||Jennie Fletcher||GBR|
|4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay, Women||Great Britain||GBR||Germany||GER||Austria||AUT|