|Competitions held||51 (Venues)|
|IF||Fédération Équestre Internationale|
Equestrian events have been on the Olympic Program since 1900 when events were held at the Olympics in Paris. However, equestrian events were not held again until 1912 in Stockholm. Since that year, the sport has always been on the Olympic Program. Through 1948, Olympic equestrian was limited to military officers only. In 1952, this was changed and the sports became mixed at the Olympics, although three-day event was only open to both genders in 1956.
There are three equestrian disciplines contested, with an individual and team event in each, making six events on the Olympic Program. These are jumping (or show jumping, or Grand Prix de Nations as a team event), dressage, and the three-day event. Jumping consists of jumping over a series of obstacles in an attempt to not disturb the fences. Dressage is a sort of ballet on horseback in which the rider has the horse perform certain intricate maneuvers of stepping. The scoring is done by judges who evaluate how well the horse executes the moves. The three-day event combines the above two disciplines, and adds a third competition of riding a cross-country course. Scoring is by a series of tables evaluating each day’s performance. It actually occurs now over four days at the Olympics as two days are devoted to the dressage. Equestrian sports are governed by the Fédération équestre internationale (FEI), which was formed in 1921 and had 133 member nations as of 2018. The top nations at the Olympics in equestrian events have been Germany, Sweden, the United States, and France.
Anky van Grunsven (NED) has won nine medals in equestrianism, while Isabell Werth (GER) and Reiner Klimke (FRG/GER) have won eight. Klimke has won the most gold medals with six, while Werth and Hans Günter Winkler (FRG/GER) both won five golds, Winkler winning seven medals in all.
Presidents of the Fédération équestre internationale:
|Kingdom of Saudi Arabia||KSA||0||0||2||2|
|Hans Günter Winkler|| GER
|Ludger Beerbaum|| GER
|Pierre Jonquères d'Oriola||FRA||2||2||0||4|
|Alwin Schockemöhle|| GER
|Franke Sloothaak|| GER
|Uli Kirchhoff|| GER
|Hans von Rosen||SWE||2||0||0||2|
|Name||Gender||Still contested?||Times held?|
|Jumping, Individual||Open Youth||2|
|Jumping, Team||Open Youth||2|