Equestrian Jumping

Facts

Discipline of Equestrian
Participants 983
NOCs 64
Competitions held 51 (Venues)
Distinct events 8
IF Fédération Équestre Internationale

Description

Equestrian events have been on the Olympic Program since 1900 when events were held at the Olympics in Paris. However, equestrian events were not held again until 1912 in Stockholm. Since that year, the sport has always been on the Olympic Program. Through 1948, Olympic equestrian was limited to military officers only. In 1952, this was changed and the sports became mixed at the Olympics, although three-day event was only open to both genders in 1956.

There are three equestrian disciplines contested, with an individual and team event in each, making six events on the Olympic Program. These are jumping (or show jumping, or Grand Prix de Nations as a team event), dressage, and the three-day event. Jumping consists of jumping over a series of obstacles in an attempt to not disturb the fences. Dressage is a sort of ballet on horseback in which the rider has the horse perform certain intricate maneuvers of stepping. The scoring is done by judges who evaluate how well the horse executes the moves. The three-day event combines the above two disciplines, and adds a third competition of riding a cross-country course. Scoring is by a series of tables evaluating each day’s performance. It actually occurs now over four days at the Olympics as two days are devoted to the dressage. Equestrian sports are governed by the Fédération équestre internationale (FEI), which was formed in 1921 and had 133 member nations as of 2018. The top nations at the Olympics in equestrian events have been Germany, Sweden, the United States, and France.

Anky van Grunsven (NED) has won nine medals in equestrianism, while Isabell Werth (GER) and Reiner Klimke (FRG/GER) have won eight. Klimke has won the most gold medals with six, while Werth and Hans Günter Winkler (FRG/GER) both won five golds, Winkler winning seven medals in all.

Presidents of the Fédération équestre internationale:

All-time medal table

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
Germany GER 10 2 5 17
France FRA 7 4 6 17
United States USA 5 9 4 18
Italy ITA 4 6 5 15
Great Britain GBR 3 3 5 11
Sweden SWE 3 3 3 9
West Germany FRG 3 1 3 7
Netherlands NED 2 5 0 7
Switzerland SUI 2 3 3 8
Belgium BEL 2 2 4 8
Canada CAN 2 2 1 5
Mexico MEX 2 1 2 5
Poland POL 1 2 1 4
Soviet Union URS 1 1 0 2
Spain ESP 1 1 0 2
Brazil BRA 1 0 2 3
Czechoslovakia TCH 1 0 0 1
Japan JPN 1 0 0 1
Chile CHI 0 2 0 2
Austria AUT 0 1 0 1
Romania ROU 0 1 0 1
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia KSA 0 0 2 2
Portugal POR 0 0 2 2
Hungary HUN 0 0 1 1
Ireland IRL 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Hans Günter Winkler GER
FRG
5 1 1 7
Ludger Beerbaum GER
FRG
4 0 1 5
Pierre Jonquères d'Oriola FRA 2 2 0 4
Alwin Schockemöhle GER
FRG
2 1 1 4
Beezie Madden USA 2 1 1 4
Joe Fargis USA 2 1 0 3
McLain Ward USA 2 1 0 3
Franke Sloothaak GER
FRG
2 0 1 3
Fritz Thiedemann GER 2 0 1 3
Kurt Hasse GER 2 0 0 2
Uli Kirchhoff GER
UKR
2 0 0 2
Humberto Mariles MEX 2 0 0 2
Lars Nieberg GER 2 0 0 2
Nick Skelton GBR 2 0 0 2
Hans von Rosen SWE 2 0 0 2

Event types

Name Gender Still contested? Times held?
Jumping, Individual Open 17
Jumping, Team Open 16
Jumping, Individual Open Youth 2
Jumping, Team Open Youth 2
Jumping, Individual Men 8
Jumping, Team Men 8
Long Jump Open 1
High Jump Open 1