Nordic Combined

Facts

Discipline of Skiing
Participants 627
NOCs 33
Competitions held 37 (Venues)
Distinct events 10
IF Fédération internationale de ski

Description

Nordic combined consists of a cross-country ski race and ski jumping. It was considered the most important Nordic skiing event by the Scandinavians, and has been held at the Olympic Winter Games since the start in 1924. Norway has been most successful in this sport, winning 11 of the 31 titles through 2010. While three Olympians have won three titles in Nordic Combined, East German Ulrich Wehling stands out as the greatest competitor, winning the title three times in a row, at a time when just one combined event was held.

As of 2010, the number of events has grown to three, all for men only. The two individual events both feature 10 km cross-country skiing, preceded by a ski jump from either the large hill or the normal hill. In the team team event, first introduced in 1988, each member takes a jump from the large hill, followed by a 4×5 km relay. In each cross-country race, the ski jumping leader starts first, with the others competitors starting behind him, with the delay determined by the difference in ski jumping points.

All-time medal table

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
Norway NOR 13 10 8 31
Germany GER 6 5 5 16
Finland FIN 4 8 2 14
Austria AUT 3 2 10 15
East Germany GDR 3 0 4 7
Japan JPN 2 3 0 5
France FRA 2 1 1 4
West Germany FRG 2 1 0 3
United States USA 1 3 0 4
Switzerland SUI 1 2 1 4
Soviet Union URS 0 1 2 3
Sweden SWE 0 1 1 2
Italy ITA 0 0 1 1
Poland POL 0 0 1 1
Russian Federation RUS 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Samppa Lajunen FIN 3 2 0 5
Felix Gottwald AUT 3 1 3 7
Eric Frenzel GER 3 1 2 6
Ulrich Wehling GDR 3 0 0 3
Fred Børre Lundberg NOR 2 2 0 4
Bjarte Engen Vik NOR 2 1 1 4
Johannes Rydzek GER 2 1 1 4
Takanori Kono JPN 2 1 0 3
Jørgen Graabak NOR 2 1 0 3
Mario Stecher AUT 2 0 2 4

Event types

Name Gender Still contested? Times held?
Normal Hill / 10 km, Individual Men 3
Large Hill / 10 km, Individual Men 3
Team Men 9
Medium Hill / 10 km, Individual Boys 1
Normal Hill / 6 km, Individual Boys 1
Normal Hill / 5 km, Individual Boys 1
Normal Hill / 4 km, Individual Girls 1
Team Mixed Youth 0
Individual Men 20
Sprint Men 2