Skeleton

Facts

Discipline of Bobsleigh
Participants 179
NOCs 37
Competitions held 12 (Venues)
Distinct events 4
IF International Bobsleigh and Skeleton Federation

Description

Skeleton is a sledding sport founded on the famed Cresta Run at St. Moritz, Switzerland. In skeleton, the sliders lie prone on their sleds, face-down. As there was initially only one skeleton track in the world, the sport could only be held when the Olympic Winter Games were held in St. Moritz, in 1928 and 1948. After its second appearance, it was replaced with luge, but the sport made a comeback in 2002, with events for both men and women. As of 2010, no slider has won more than one gold medal in the sport, but America’s Jack Heaton remarkably won two silver medals 20 years apart, in 1928 and 1948. Skeleton is governed by the International Bobsleigh & Skeleton Federation (IBSF), which was founded as Fédération internationale de bobsleigh et de tobogganing (FIBT) on 23 November 1923 in Paris and renamed in 2015, which is also the International Federation (IF) for bobsledding. As of 2018 IBSF has 70 members.

All-time medal table

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
United States USA 3 4 1 8
Great Britain GBR 3 1 5 9
Canada CAN 2 1 1 4
Russian Federation RUS 1 0 2 3
Switzerland SUI 1 0 2 3
Italy ITA 1 0 0 1
Republic of Korea KOR 1 0 0 1
Germany GER 0 2 1 3
Latvia LAT 0 2 0 2
Austria AUT 0 1 0 1
Olympic Athletes from Russia OAR 0 1 0 1

Most successful competitors

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Lizzy Yarnold GBR 2 0 0 2
Aleksandr Tretyakov RUS 1 0 1 2
Nino Bibbia ITA 1 0 0 1
Jennison Heaton USA 1 0 0 1
Tristan Gale USA 1 0 0 1
Maya Pedersen SUI 1 0 0 1
Jim Shea, Jr. USA 1 0 0 1
Duff Gibson CAN 1 0 0 1
Amy Williams GBR 1 0 0 1
Jon Montgomery CAN 1 0 0 1
Yun Seong-Bin KOR 1 0 0 1

Event types

Name Gender Still contested? Times held?
Skeleton Men 7
Skeleton Women 5
Skeleton Boys 3
Skeleton Girls 3