Ski Jumping

Facts

Discipline of Skiing
Participants 930
NOCs 39
Competitions held 49 (Venues)
Distinct events 10
IF Fédération internationale de ski

Description

Jumping off hills on skis was pioneered by Norwegian Sondre Norheim in the 19th century, and had developed into a full sport by the 20th century. It has been contested in the Olympic Winter Games since the start in 1924. Originally dominated by participants from Norway, the top competitors now also hail from Finland and Central Europe. Two athletes, Simon Ammann and Matti Nykänen, have won four gold medals in the sport.

Three events are currently contested at the Olympics, all for men. Since 2009, women also compete in World Championships, but despite legal action to have the event included for the Vancouver Games, a women’s event is not yet on the Olympic Program. There are two types of hills used, a normal hill and a large hill. The exact size of the hills, most commonly measured by the distance of the calculation point (or K-point), has gradually increased. In 1924, the normal hill K-point was still at 71 m; in 2010 it was at 95 m, while the large hill was at 125 m.

All-time medal table

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
Norway NOR 11 10 14 35
Finland FIN 10 8 4 22
Germany GER 7 6 2 15
Austria AUT 6 9 10 25
Poland POL 4 3 2 9
Switzerland SUI 4 1 0 5
Japan JPN 3 5 4 12
East Germany GDR 2 3 2 7
Czechoslovakia TCH 1 2 4 7
Soviet Union URS 1 0 0 1
Slovenia SLO 0 1 2 3
Sweden SWE 0 1 1 2
Yugoslavia YUG 0 1 1 2
France FRA 0 0 1 1
United States USA 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Matti Nykänen FIN 4 1 0 5
Simon Ammann SUI 4 0 0 4
Jens Weißflog GDR
GER
3 1 0 4
Thomas Morgenstern AUT 3 1 0 4
Kamil Stoch POL 3 0 1 4
Andreas Wellinger GER 2 2 0 4
Birger Ruud NOR 2 1 0 3
Kazuyoshi Funaki JPN 2 1 0 3
Andreas Kofler AUT 2 1 0 3
Toni Nieminen FIN 2 0 1 3

Event types

Name Gender Still contested? Times held?
Normal Hill, Individual Men 23
Large Hill, Individual Men 15
Large Hill, Team Men 9
Normal Hill, Individual Women 2
Medium Hill, Individual Boys 1
Normal Hill, Individual Boys 2
Medium Hill, Individual Girls 1
Normal Hill, Individual Girls 2
Medium Hill, Team Mixed Youth 1
Normal Hill, Team Mixed Youth 2