For each Olympic Games, an Organizing Committee (OCOGs) is formed to manage the affairs and organize the forthcoming Games. In the late 1990s it became apparent to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) that each of these OCOGs was forced to re-invent the wheel and essentially start from scratch. Knowledge, documents, and other material accumulated by each OCOG was rarely being passed along to the next OCOG. In response to this obvious lack of coordination of the OCOGs, in February 2002 the IOC formed the Olympic Games Knowledge Services as the exclusive knowledge management services company of the IOC. The role of OGKS is to pass information and know-how from one OCOG to the next, and assist the OCOGs in beginning their organization of the next Olympic Games.