Host city selection

Olympic Games

Summer

1896 Summer Olympics

Athens was selected as the host city for the Games of the Ist Olympiad of the Modern Era at the Sorbonne Congress in Paris on 24 June 1894. London (Great Britain) and Paris (France) were also given consideration as hosts, but Athens was elected by acclamation.

1900 Summer Olympics

Paris was selected to host the 1900 Olympic Games at the Sorbonne Congress in Paris on 24 June 1894, after Athens had been selected to host the 1896 Olympic Games.

1904 Summer Olympics

The host city for the 1904 Olympic Games was selected at the IOC Session in Paris on 22 May 1901. The original selection was Chicago, Illinois, the only serious bid. Three other American cities, Buffalo, New York, New York City and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania had also been considered.

But, eventually, Chicago stepped aside to allow St. Louis, Missouri to host the 1904 Olympic Games. This was confirmed by a postal vote of the IOC who responded in December 1902. The vote was 14 – 2 in favor of St. Louis.

1908 Summer Olympics

The 1908 Olympic Games were awarded to Rome (Italy) at the 6th IOC Session in London on 22 June 1904. The other candidates had been Berlin (Germany) and Torino (Italy).

At the 8th IOC Session during the 1906 Intercalated Olympic Games in Athens, Count Eugenio Brunetta d’Usseaux, advised the IOC members that because of the erruption of Mount Vesuvius, Rome no longer had the financial resources to host the 1908 Olympics. But in reality, the decision had been taken sometime before the volcanic eruption. Baron de Coubertin then turned to London (Great Britain). On 19 November 1906, the British Olympic Council sent a letter agreeing to host the 1908 Olympic Games.

1912 Summer Olympics

Stockholm was selected by acclamation at the 11th IOC Session in Berlin on 28 May 1909. Berlin (Germany) was quite interested in hosting the 1912 Olympic Games but withdrew its bid shortly before the session.

1916 Summer Olympics

Berlin (Germany) was selected by acclamation at the 15th IOC Session in Stockholm on 4 July 1912. After withdrawing its bid for the 1912 Olympic Games, in favor of Stockholm, a gentlemen’s agreement had been in place which virtually promised the 1916 Olympic Games to Berlin. Alexandria (Egypt) and Budapest (Hungary) made the only serious competing bids, but both withdrew prior to the IOC Session. Amsterdam (Netherlands), Brussels (Belgium) and Cleveland, Ohio (United States) withdrew their bids earlier on.

1920 Summer Olympics

Antwerp (Belgium) had been promised the 1920 Olympic Games at the 17th IOC Session in Paris in 1914. But because of the ravages of World War I, which devastated Belgium, Lyon (France) made the most serious offer to step in as hosts for the Games of the VIIth Olympiad. Lyon and Amsterdam (Netherlands) formally bid for the 1920 Olympics but withdrew prior to the 18th IOC Session in Lausanne at which Antwerp was confirmed as the host city on 5 April 1919. Other cities made overtures but never made an official bid: Atlanta, Georgia (United States), Budapest, (Hungary), Cleveland, Ohio (United States), Havana (Cuba) and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States).

1924 Summer Olympics

At the 20th IOC Session in Lausanne on 2 June 1921, Baron Pierre de Coubertin requested that the IOC formally vote for Paris (France), to host the 1924 Olympic Games and Amsterdam (Netherlands), to host the 1928 Olympic Games. This request was based on his intended retirement as IOC President shortly after the 1924 Olympic Games. The IOC voted on this matter with 14 votes for the proposal, 4 against the proposal, and 4 abstentions. Four other cities had been bidding for the 1924 Games: Barcelona (Spain), Los Angeles, California (United States), Prague (Czechoslovakia) and Rome (Italy).

1928 Summer Olympics

Amsterdam (Netherlands) was chosen as the host city at the 20th IOC Session in Lausanne on 2 June 1921, in the dual vote with Paris for 1924 (see The Games of the VIIIth Olympiad). The only other city considered was Los Angeles, California (United States). Amsterdam had been virtually promised the 1928 Olympics when it stepped aside in favor of Paris for the 1924 Olympic Games as a favor to Baron Pierre de Coubertin, founder of the IOC, who was retiring as IOC President after the 1924 Olympics and wished to have them held in his native France.

1932 Summer Olympics

Los Angeles, California (United States) was awarded the Games of the Xth Olympiad by acclamation at the 22nd IOC Session in Rome on 8 April 1923. There were no other serious candidate cities.

1936 Summer Olympics

By 1930, no less than thirteen cities had shown interest in hosting the 1936 Summer Olympics: Berlin (Germany), Barcelona (Spain), Alexandria (Egypt), Budapest (Hungary), Buenos Aires (Argentina), Cologne (Germany), Dublin (Ireland), Frankfurt am Main (Germany), Helsinki (Finland), Lausanne (Switzerland), Nuremberg (Germany), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Rome (Italy). By the time the 30th IOC Session in Barcelona was scheduled, all but two bids were withdrawn: Barcelona itself and Berlin. Because only 19 voting members were present at the IOC Session, a postal vote was held, which Berlin won 43 – 16.

1940 Summer Olympics

Various cities were interested (Alexandria (Egypt), Athens (Greece), Barcelona (Spain), Budapest (Hungary), Buenos Aires (Argentina), Dublin (Ireland), Helsinki (Finland), Lausanne (Switzerland), London (England), Montreal (Canada), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Rome (Italy), Tokyo (Japan) and Toronto (Canada)), but only two bids remained at the bid voting at the 35th IOC Session in Berlin on 31 July 1936.

Round 1
Tokyo Japan 36
Helsinki Finland 27

Tokyo withdrew as hosts of the Games of the XIIth Olympiad on 16 July 1938. The 1940 Olympic Games were awarded to Helsinki on 3 September 1938 at a meeting of the IOC Executive Board in Brussels, Belgium. After the outbreak of World War II and the Soviet invasion of Finland, Helsinki eventually also withdrew, on 23 April 1940.

1944 Summer Olympics

Bid voting at the 39th IOC Session in London on 9 June 1939. No exact date has ever been published for London relinquishing the 1944 Olympic Games but the war in Europe obviously made it impossible to hold such an event, especially in London.

Round 1
London Great Britain 20
Rome Italy 11
Detroit, Michigan United States 2
Lausanne Switzerland 1

At an earlier stage, Budapest (Hungary), Helsinki (Finland) and Montréal (Canada) had also shown interest.

1948 Summer Olympics

Because of time constraints, and the difficulty getting IOC members to travel to a central location for voting on the 1948 Olympic Games, London (Great Britain) was confirmed as the host city by a postal vote. The vote was confirmed at the 40th IOC Session in Lausanne on 4 September 1946. The other candidates were: Baltimore, Maryland, Los Angeles, California, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (all United States) and Lausanne (Switzerland).

1952 Summer Olympics

Bid voting at the 41st IOC Session in Stockholm on 21 June 1947:

Round 1 Round 2
Helsinki Finland 14 15
Los Angeles, California United States 4 5
Minneapolis, Minnesota United States 4 5
Amsterdam Netherlands 3 3
Detroit Michigan United States 2
Chicago, Illinois United States 1
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania United States 0

Athens (Greece), Lausanne (Switzerland) and Stockholm (Sweden) had entered preliminary bids.

1956 Summer Olympics

Bid voting at the 44th IOC Session in Rome on 28 April 1949.

Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4
Melbourne Australia 14 18 19 21
Buenos Aires Argentina 9 12 13 20
Los Angeles, California United States 5 4 5
Detroit, Michigan United States 2 4 4
Mexico City Mexico 9 3
Chicago, Illinois United States 1
Minneapolis, Minnesota United States 1
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania United States 1

Montréal, Québec (Canada) and San Francisco, California (United States) had entered preliminary bids.

1960 Summer Olympics

Bid voting at the 51st IOC Session in Paris on 16 June 1955.

Round 1 Round 2 Round 3
Rome Italy 15 26 35
Lausanne Switzerland 14 21 24
Detroit, Michigan United States 6 11
Budapest Hungary 8 1
Brussels Belgium 6
Mexico City Mexico 6
Tokyo Japan 4

1964 Summer Olympics

Bid voting at the 56th IOC Session in Munich, Germany on 26 May 1959.

Round 1
Tokyo Japan 34
Detroit, Michigan United States 10
Vienna Austria 9
Brussels Belgium 5

1968 Summer Olympics

Bid voting at the 61st IOC Session in Baden-Baden, West Germany on 18 October 1963.

Round 1
Mexico City Mexico 30
Detroit, Michigan United States 14
Lyon France 12
Buenos Aires Argentina 2

1972 Summer Olympics

Bid voting at the 65th IOC Session in Rome on 26 April 1966.

Round 1 Round 2
Munich West Germany 21 31
Montréal, Québec Canada 16 15
Madrid Spain 16 13
Detroit, Michigan United States 6

1976 Summer Olympics

Bid voting at the 70th IOC Session in Amsterdam on 13 May 1970.

Round 1 Round 2
Montréal, Québec Canada 25 41
Moscow Soviet Union 28 28
Los Angeles, California United States 17

1980 Summer Olympics

Bid voting at the 75th IOC Session in Vienna on 23 October 1974.

Round 1
Moscow Soviet Union 39
Los Angeles, California United States 20

1984 Summer Olympics

There was no vote. Los Angeles, California (United States) was tentatively awarded the 1984 Olympic Games at the 80th IOC Session in Athens on 18 May 1978. Los Angeles was required to meet certain conditions of the Olympic Charter. On 31 August 1978, the IOC Executive Board announced a postal vote that lasted until 7 October 1978, with a ⅔ majority required to confirm Los Angeles as the host city. The vote was as follows: 75 for Los Angeles, 3 against, with 6 abstentions. Teheran (Iran) also made a preliminary bid but withdrew before the final bidding.

1988 Summer Olympics

Bid voting at the 84th IOC Session in Baden-Baden, West Germany on 30 September 1981.

Round 1
Seoul South Korea 52
Nagoya Japan 27

1992 Summer Olympics

Bid voting at the 91st IOC Session in Lausanne on 17 October 1986.

Round 1 Round 2 Round 3
Barcelona Spain 29 37 47
Paris France 19 20 23
Brisbane Australia 11 9 10
Belgrade Yugoslavia 13 11 5
Birmingham Great Britain 8 8
Amsterdam Netherlands 5

1996 Summer Olympics

Bid voting at the 96th IOC Session in Tokyo on 18 September 1990.

Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4 Round 5
Atlanta, Georgia United States 19 20 26 34 51
Athens Greece 23 23 26 30 35
Toronto Canada 14 17 18 22
Melbourne Australia 12 21 16
Manchester Great Britain 11 5
Belgrade Yugoslavia 7

2000 Summer Olympics

Bid voting at the 101st IOC Session in Monte Carlo in 23 September 1993.

Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4
Sydney Australia 30 30 37 45
Beijing China 32 37 40 43
Manchester Great Britain 11 13 11
Berlin Germany 9 9
Istanbul Turkey 7

2004 Summer Olympics

Bid voting at the 106th IOC Session in Lausanne on 5 September 1997. Because of the number of candidate cities, an Evaluation Commission of the IOC was nominated whose task was to pare the number of candidates down to a more workable four or five prior to the final vote. There were six eliminated cities: Istanbul (Turkey), Lille (France), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), San Juan (Puerto Rico), Seville (Spain) and St. Petersburg (Russia).

Round 1 Tiebreak Round 2 Round 3 Round 4
Athens Greece 32 38 52 66
Rome Italy 23 28 35 41
Cape Town South Africa 16 62 22 20
Stockholm Sweden 20 19
Buenos Aires Argentina 16 44

2008 Summer Olympics

Bid voting at the 112th IOC Session in Moscow on 13 July 2001. Because of the number of candidate cities, an Evaluation Commission of the IOC was nominated whose task was to pare the number of candidates down to a more workable four or five prior to the final vote. There were five eliminated cities: Bangkok (Thailand), Cairo (Egypt), Havana (Cuba), Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) and Seville (Spain).

Round 1 Round 2
Beijing China 44 56
Toronto Canada 20 22
Paris France 15 18
Istanbul Turkey 17 9
Osaka Japan 6

2012 Summer Olympics

The host city for the Games of the XXXth Olympiad was chosen at the 117th IOC Session on 6 July 2005. The original nine candidate cities were Havana, Cuba; Istanbul, Turkey; Leipzig, Germany; London; Great Britain; Madrid, Spain; Moscow, Russia; New York, New York, USA; Paris, France; and Rio de Janeiro, Brazíl. Four cities were eliminated and the five remaining cities advancing to the final vote were London, Madrid, Moscow, New York, and Paris. London was selected as the host city on the 4th round of voting over Paris, 54-50.

Bid voting at the 117th IOC Session in Singapore on 6 July 2005. Because of the number of candidate cities, an Evaluation Commission of the IOC was nominated whose task was to pare the number of candidates down to a more workable five prior to the final vote. There were four eliminated cities: Havana (Cuba), Istanbul (Turkey), Leipzig (Germany) and Rio de Janeiro (Brazil).

Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4
London Great Britain 22 32 39 54
Paris France 21 27 33 50
Madrid Spain 20 25 31
New York, New York United States 19 16
Moscow Russia 15

2016 Summer Olympics

Bid voting at the 13th IOC Congress in København on 2 October 2009. Because of the number of candidate cities, an Evaluation Commission of the IOC was nominated whose task was to pare the number of candidates down to a more workable four prior to the final vote.

There were three eliminated cities: Doha (Qatar), Praha (Czech Republic) and Bakı (Azerbaijan).

Round 1 Round 2 Round 3
Rio de Janeiro Brazil 26 46 66
Madrid Spain 28 29 32
Tokyo Japan 22 20
Chicago, Illinois United States 18

2020 Summer Olympics

Bid voting at the 123rd IOC Congress in Buenos Aires on 7 September 2013. Because of the number of candidate cities, an Evaluation Commission of the IOC was nominated whose task was to pare the number of candidates down to a more workable three prior to the final vote.

There were three eliminated cities: Doha (Qatar), Roma (Italy) and Bakı (Azerbaijan).

Round 1 Tiebreak Round 2
Tokyo Japan 42 60
İstanbul Turkey 26 49 36
Madrid Spain 26 45

Winter

1924 Winter Olympics

No host city election took place. The Games were not declared the 1st Olympic Winter Games until after the fact.

1928 Winter Olympics

Out of three Swiss cities St. Moritz was selected at the 25th IOC Session in Lisboa on 6 May 1926 by a vote of 22 in favor with one abstention. The other bidding cities were Davos and Engelberg.

1932 Winter Olympics

As organizer of the 1932 Summer Olympics, the United States were allowed to host the Winter Olympics as well. Six US cities, and one Canadian city made an application: Bear Mountain, New York, Denver, Colorado, Duluth, Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Yosemite Valley, California (two separate applications) and Montréal, Québec (Canada). Lake Placid was selected by acclamation at the 28th IOC Session in Lausanne on 10 April 1929.

1936 Winter Olympics

After Berlin was selected as the host city for the 1936 Olympic Games, Germany exercised its option to also host the 1936 Olympic Winter Games. On 13 May 1933, Germany informed the 32nd IOC Session that their choice for the winter site was Garmisch-Partenkirchen. Montréal, Québec (Canada) and St. Moritz (Switzerland) had applied in case Germany would be unable to host the Winter Games.

1940 Winter Olympics

The IOC unanimously voted for Sapporo (Japan) as host city at the 37th IOC Session in Warszawa on 9 June 1937. It was accepted by acclamation after Tokyo had been chosen as host of the 1940 Olympic Games, although Oslo (Norway) and St. Moritz (Switzerland) had also made bids.

Sapporo withdrew as hosts of the 1940 Olympic Winter Games on 16 July 1938. They were then awarded to St. Moritz on 3 September 1938 at a meeting of the IOC Executive Board in Brussels, Belgium. St. Moritz was removed by the IOC on 9 June 1939 at the 39th IOC Session in London and the 1940 Olympic Winter Games were then awarded to Garmisch-Partenkirchen (Germany), which eventually also withdrew in November 1939, following the outbreak of World War II.

1944 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 39th IOC Session in London on 9 June 1939. The Games were never celebrated because of World War II.

Round 1 Round 2
Cortina d'Ampezzo Italy 16 16
Montréal Canada 11 12
Oslo Norway 7 2
Abstentions 1 5

1948 Winter Olympics

St. Moritz (Switzerland) was proposed as the host for the 1948 Olympic Winter Games in the postal vote which was mailed for selection of the 1948 Olympic Games host city. St. Moritz was confirmed by acclamation at the 40th IOC Session in Lausanne on 6 September 1946. Lake Placid, New York (United States) had also shown interest in hosting these Games.

1952 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 41st IOC Session in Stockholm on 21 June 1947.

Round 1
Oslo Norway 18
Cortina d'Ampezzo Italy 9
Lake Placid, New York United States 1

1956 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 44th IOC Session in Rome on 28 April 1949.

Round 1
Cortina d'Ampezzo Italy 31
Montréal Canada 7
Colorado Springs, Colorado United States 2
Lake Placid, New York United States 1

1960 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 51st IOC Session in Paris on 14 June 1955.

Round 1 Round 2
Squaw Valley, California United States 30 32
Innsbruck Austria 24 30
Garmisch-Partenkirchen West Germany 5
St. Moritz Switzerland 3

1964 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 56th IOC Session in Munich on 25 May 1959.

Round 1
Innsbruck Austria 49
Calgary Canada 9
Lahti Finland 0

1968 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 62nd IOC Session in Innsbruck on 28 January 1964.

Round 1 Round 2 Round 3
Grenoble France 15 18 27
Calgary Canada 12 19 24
Lahti Finland 11 14
Sapporo Japan 6
Oslo Norway 4
Lake Placid United States 3

1972 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 65th IOC Session in Rome on 26 April 1966.

Round 1
Sapporo Japan 32
Banff Canada 16
Lahti Finland 7
Salt Lake City, Utah United States 7

1976 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 70th IOC Session in Amsterdam on 13 May 1970.

Round 1 Round 2 Round 3
Denver, Colorado United States 29 29 39
Sion Switzerland 18 31 30
Tampere Finland 12 8
Vancouver Canada 9

In November 1972, the citizens of Denver voted in a referendum to not host the Olympic Winter Games, fearing the negative environmental impact the Games could have. On 12 November 1972, Denver officially withdrew as host city. Bids were quickly solicited from Innsbruck (Austria), Lake Placid, New York (United States), Mont Blanc (France) and Tampere (Finland). Innsbruck was selected as the host at a meeting of the IOC Executive Board in Lausanne on 4 February 1973.

1980 Winter Olympics

The city of Lake Placid, New York (United States) was selected by acclamation at the 75th IOC Session in Vienna on 23 October 1974. The only other serious candidate had been Vancouver-Garibaldi, Canada, but they withdrew their bid on 4 October 1974 prior to the final vote.

1984 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 80th IOC Session in Athens on 18 May 1978.

Round 1 Round 2
Sarajevo Yugoslavia 31 39
Sapporo Japan 33 36
Gothenburg Sweden 10

1988 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 84th IOC Session in Baden-Baden (West Germany) on 30 September 1981.

Round 1 Round 2
Calgary Canada 35 48
Falun Sweden 25 31
Cortina d'Ampezzo Italy 18

1992 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 91st IOC Session in Lausanne on 17 October 1986.

Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4 Tiebreak Round 5
Albertville France 19 26 29 42 51
Sofia Bulgaria 25 25 28 24 25
Falun Sweden 10 11 11 9 41 9
Lillehammer Norway 10 11 9 9 40
Cortina d'Ampezzo Italy 7 6 7
Anchorage, Alaska United States 7 5
Berchtesgaden West Germany 6

1994 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 94th IOC Session in Seoul on 15 September 1988.

Round 1 Round 2 Round 3
Lillehammer Norway 25 30 45
Östersund Sweden 19 33 39
Anchorage, Alaska United States 23 22
Sofia Bulgaria 17

1998 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 97th IOC Session in Birmingham, England on 15 June 1991.

Round 1 Tiebreak Round 2 Round 3 Round 4
Nagano Japan 21 30 36 46
Salt Lake City, Utah United States 15 59 27 29 42
Östersund Sweden 18 25 23
Jaca Spain 19 5
Aosta Italy 15 29

2002 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 104th IOC Session in Budapest on 16 June 1995. Because of the proliferation of cities bidding to host the Olympic Winter Games, an Evaluation Commission of the IOC was formed which pared the 10 candidate cities to a final four, which were voted upon by the full IOC Session. The eliminated cities were: Almaty (Kazakhstan), Poprad-Tatry (Slovakia), Jaca (Spain), Sochi (Russia), Graz (Austria) and Tarvisio (Italy).

Round 1
Salt Lake City, Utah United States 54
Östersund Sweden 14
Sion Switzerland 14
Québec Canada 7

2006 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 109th IOC Session in Seoul on 19 June 1999. After the Olympic Scandal of early 1999, the Evaluation Commission of the IOC pared the candidates to only two that were voted upon by the full IOC Session. Eliminated cities were Helsinki (Finland) (with Lillehammer (Norway)), Klagenfurt (Austria) (with Cortina d’Ampezzo (Italy) and Jesnice (Slovenia)), Poprad-Tatry (Slovakia) and Zakopane (Poland).

Round 1
Torino Italy 53
Sion Switzerland 36

2010 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 115th IOC Session in Prague, Czech Republic on 2 July 2003. The IOC Executive Committee, at its meeting of 28 August 2002, narrowed the field to the final four candidate cities. Eliminated were: Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Jaca (Spain), Andorra la Vella (Andorra) and Harbin (China).

Bern (Switzerland) was selected as a final candidate city, but a few weeks after that selection, the citizens of its canton in Switzerland voted in a referendum and chose not to support the bid. The Bern bid committee then withdrew on 27 September 2002.

Round 1 Round 2
Vancouver Canada 40 56
PyeongChang South Korea 51 53
Salzburg Austria 16

2014 Winter Olympics

The 22nd Olympic Winter Games host city were awarded to Sochi, Russia, which was selected at the 119th IOC Session in Guatemala City on 4 July 2007. Sochi won the bid over PyeongChang, Korea, and Salzburg, Austria. There were four other candidate cities – Almaty, Kazakhstan; Borjomi, Georgia; Jaca, Spain; and Sofia, Bulgaria – but the IOC narrowed the field to the final three candidates in June 2006.

The IOC Executive Committee, at its meeting of 22 June 2006, narrowed the field to the final three candidate cities. Eliminated were: Almaty (Kazakhstan), Borjomi (Georgia), Jaca (Spain) and Sofia (Bulgaria).

Round 1 Round 2
Sochi Russia 34 51
PyeongChang South Korea 36 47
Salzburg Austria 25

2018 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 123rd IOC Session in Durban on 6 July 2011.

Round 1
PyeongChang South Korea 63
München Germany 25
Annecy France 7

2026 Winter Olympics

Bid voting at the 134rd IOC Session in Lausanne on 24 June 2019.

Round 1
Milano-Cortina d'Ampezzo Italy 47
Stockholm-Åre Sweden 34

Four more cities withdrew in a earlier stage of the bid:

Erzurum, Turkey, was not invited to the candidature stage.

Equestrian

1956 Equestrian Olympics

Bid voting at the 50th IOC Session in Athens on 13 May 1954.

Round 1
Stockholm Sweden 25
Paris France 10
Rio de Janeiro Brazil 8
Berlin Germany 2
Los Angeles, California United States 2

Intercalated Games

1906 Intercalated Games

No host city election took place. These Olympics were organized by the Greeks outside of the usual quadrennial cycle of Olympic Games.

Youth Olympic Games

Summer

Winter