The World Games can be considered as “the Olympic Games for non-Olympics sports or events.” They are organized by the International World Games Association (IWGA), which cooperates with and is recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). It requires its member International Federations (IFs) to be recognized by the IOC and/or SportAccord. The first World Games were held in 1981 in Santa Clara, California, and have since been held in London, Great Britain (1985), Karlsruhe, West Germany (1989), Den Haag, the Netherlands (1993), Lahti, Finland (1997), Akita, Japan (2001), Duisburg, Germany (2005), Kaohsiung, Taiwan (2009) and Cali, Colombia (2013). At the 2013 edition, 31 sports were contested: acrobatic gymnastics, aerobic gymnastics, air sports, artistic roller skating, beach handball, boules, bowling, canoe polo, cue sports, dancesport, field archery, finswimming, fistball, flying disc, inline hockey, inline speed skating, ju-jitsu, karate, korfball, lifesaving, orienteering, powerlifting, racquetball, rhythmic gymnastics, rugby sevens, sport climbing, squash, sumo, trampoline, tug of war and waterskiing. In addition, five invitational sports were contested, with no medals awarded: softball, canoe marathon, duathlon, road speed skating and wushu. Sports to have “graduated” from the World Games to the Olympics are badminton (became Olympic in 1992), taekwondo, trampolining and triathlon (all became Olympic in 2000). Baseball and softball were also contested at the World Games before being admitted to the Olympics, but were removed from the Olympic Program in 2012. Rugby sevens and golf, both (former) World Games sports, will be held at the 2016 Games in Rio de Janeiro.