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Sam Olij

Biographical information

TypeCompeted in Olympic Games
Full nameSimon Paulus "Sam"•Olij
Used nameSam•Olij
Born5 October 1900 in Landsmeer (NED)
Died4 August 1975 in Amsterdam (NED)
AffiliationsCarpentier, Amsterdam (NED)
NOC Netherlands


Sam Olij was a Dutch amateur boxer, who was the national heavyweight champion 1926-28. At the 1928 Olympics, he was defeated in the quarter-final by the eventual winner, Arturo Rodríguez of Argentina. In the same year, Olij joined the police force, and became a member of the Dutch Nazi movement. During the German occupation in World War II, he worked for the “Central Office for Jewish Emigration”, an agency for deporting Dutch Jews. For arresting 30 blind Jews, who were deported to Poland for forced labor, and other crimes against humanity, Olij was sentenced to death in 1947. The sentence was reduced to life imprisonment, and following a psychiatric examination, a further reduced sentence was proposed, and he was released in 1954, after nine years. His son Jan, also a Dutch boxing champion, voluntarily joined the ranks of the Waffen-SS and fought on the eastern front. After being wounded he returned to the Netherlands and became infamous as a member of the Green Police. After the war, he fled to Spain, and later to Argentina.


Games Discipline (Sport) / Event NOC / Team Pos Medal As
1928 Summer Olympics Boxing NED Sam Olij
Heavyweight, Men (Olympic) =5

Other participations

Games Role NOC As
1928 Summer Olympics Flagbearer at the Opening Ceremony NED Sam Olij