|Date||18 – 19 August 2016|
|Location||Parque Aquático Maria Lenk, Parque Olímpico da Barra, Barra da Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro|
|Participants||70 from 8 countries|
|Format||Final total is sum of the technical routine score and the free routine score.|
Despite five-time gold medallist Anastasiya Davydova having retired, Russia was still a clear favourite for the team gold medal. With the duet gold medallists Nataliya Ishchenko and Svetlana Romashina in their team, the Russians were expected to win the team competition for the fifth consecutive Games. China pushed them at the 2015 World Championships, where they could well have been the surprise gold medallists.
In Rio, Russia held the lead over China after the technical routine by 1.3932 points, with Japan and Ukraine fighting out the bronze medal position. Russia were even more impressive with a near flawless performance in the free routine and they easily won their fifth consecutive gold medal by 3.1598 points from China, who won their second consecutive team silver, and with Japan just holding on for the bronze medal by less than 0.05 of a point from Ukraine. Russian got three 10s in the free routine, one for execution and two for artistic impression.
Ishchenko and Romashina completed their own piece of Olympic history because they added their two gold medals from Rio to the two each had won in London and the one each won in 2008. Their total of five golds made them the most decorated synchronised swimmers alongside fellow Russian Davydova. Two other Russians, Aleksandra Patskevich and Alla Shishkina were members of both the winning 2012 and 2016 teams.
|Pos||Nr||Swimmer||NOC||Free Routine||Technical Routine|
|1||–||Russian Federation||RUS||97.0106 (1)||97.0106 (1)||Gold|
|Nataliya Ishchenko • Svetlana Romashina • Aleksandra Patskevich • Alla Shishkina • Yelena Prokofyeva • Gelena Topilina • Mariya Shurochkina • Svetlana Kolesnichenko • Vlada Chigiryova|
|2||–||People's Republic of China||CHN||95.6174 (2)||95.6174 (2)||Silver|
|Huang Xuechen • Sun Wenyan • Yin Chengxin • Guo Li • Tang Mengni • Gu Xiao • Li Xiaolu • Liang Xinping • Zeng Zhen|
|3||–||Japan||JPN||93.7723 (3)||93.7723 (3)||Bronze|
|Aika Hakoyama • Yukiko Inui • Kei Marumo • Risako Mitsui • Kanami Nakamaki • Mai Nakamura • Kano Omata • Kurumi Yoshida • Aiko Hayashi (DNS)|
|4||–||Ukraine||UKR||93.4413 (4)||93.4413 (4)|
|Lolita Ananasova • Olena Hrechykhina • Dar'ia Yushko • Oleksandra Sabada • Kateryna Sadurska • Anastasiya Savchuk • Kseniya Sydorenko • Anna Voloshyna • Olha Zolotarova (DNS)|
|5||–||Italy||ITA||91.1142 (5)||91.1142 (5)|
|Mariangela Perrupato • Beatrice Callegari • Camilla Cattaneo • Costanza Ferro • Elisa Bozzo • Francesca Deidda • Linda Cerruti • Manila Flamini • Sara Sgarzi|
|6||–||Brazil||BRA||84.7985 (6)||84.7985 (6)|
|Lara Teixeira • Beatriz Feres • Branca Feres • Lorena Molinos • Luisa Borges • Maria Bruno • Maria Clara Lobo • Maria Eduarda Miccuci • Pamela Nogueira|
|7||–||Egypt||EGY||76.9838 (7)||76.9838 (7)|
|Dara Hassanien • Jomana El-Maghrabi • Leila Abdelmoez • Nada Saafan • Nariman Aly • Nehal Saafan • Nour El-Ayoubi • Salma Negmeldin • Samia Ahmed|
|8||–||Australia||AUS||74.0667 (8)||74.0667 (8)|
|Bianca Hammett • Amie Thompson • Cristina Sheehan • Danielle Kettlewell • Deborah Tsai • Emily Rogers • Hannah Cross • Nikita Pablo • Rose Stackpole|