Russian Federation

Overview

NOCRussian Olympic Committee
Flagbearers30

Participants

Olympic Games 2429
Intercalated Games 0
Youth Olympic Games 419

Description

Prior to the Bolshevik Revolution, Russia competed at the Olympics of 1900, 1908, and 1912. Although at the first two celebrations its representation was only four and six athletes, respectively, in 1912 it sent a large team of 169 athletes. At those Olympics, Russia won one gold medal, four silver medals, and three bronze medals. After the Bolshevik Revolution, Russia became the largest republic of the Soviet Union (USSR). The Soviet Union did not compete in the Olympics from 1920 to 1948, but returned to the Olympic Games at Helsinki in 1952, and competed in the Olympics through 1988. With the political events of 1991, Russia again became eligible to compete as an individual nation. At Albertville and Barcelona Russia joined with other former Soviet republics to compete as the “Unified Team”, representing the Commonwealth of Independent States. Russia was the most successfull Soviet republic in terms of medals won. The Russian Nikolay Andrianov was the top male Soviet athlete. He won 15 medals (seven gold, five silver, and three bronze) in gymnastics between 1972 and 1980. The Russian speed skater Lidiya Skoblikova was the top Soviet Winter Games competitor winning six gold medals in 1960 and 1964. She is also the second most successful female Winter Games competitor next to the Russian cross country skier Lyubov Yegorova who won six gold and three silver in 1992 while representing the Unified Team (3-2-0) and in 1994.

Russia returned to the Olympic fold after an absence of 82 years in 1994 at Lillehammer, and has been present with a large contingent ever since. In just 18 years, Russian athletes have increased the medal total to 490 medals at the Olympics, with 168 gold. Of these medals, 399 came in the Summer Olympics and 91 at the Olympic Winter Games. The best Russian performer has been synchronized swimmer Anastasiya Davydova with five gold medals, while gymnast Aleksey Nemov has won the most medals with 12, including four golds.

As part of the Soviet Union Russia hosted the Games of the XXIInd Olympiad in Moscow in 1980 and in 2014 Russia hosted the 22nd Olympic Winter Games held in Sochi.

Participated as

Edition Name
1900 Summer Olympics Russia
1908 Summer Olympics Russia
1912 Summer Olympics Russia
1924 Summer Olympics Russia
All other editions Russian Federation

Participations by edition

Edition Competition Type Men Women Total
1900 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 4 0 4 Results
1908 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 6 0 6 Results
1912 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 159 0 159 Results
1924 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 1 3 Results
1994 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 75 38 113 Results
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 232 158 390 Results
1998 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 79 43 122 Results
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 241 194 435 Results
2002 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 85 66 151 Results
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 244 202 446 Results
2006 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 100 74 174 Results
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 231 223 454 Results
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 43 53 96 Results
2010 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 94 81 175 Results
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 203 226 429 Results
2012 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 42 22 64 Results
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 36 48 84 Results
2014 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 126 88 214 Results
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 142 142 284 Results
2016 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 44 28 72 Results
2020 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 60 43 103 Results

Participations by discipline

Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 14 12 26 Results
Archery 6 10 16 Results
Art Competitions 3 1 4 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 29 27 56 Results
Artistic Swimming (Aquatics) 0 31 31 Results
Athletics 190 202 392 Results
Badminton 8 8 16 Results
Basketball (Basketball) 29 35 64 Results
Beach Volleyball (Volleyball) 8 6 14 Results
Biathlon 21 22 43 Results
Bobsleigh (Bobsleigh) 34 10 44 Results
Boxing 43 5 48 Results
Canoe Slalom (Canoeing) 6 2 8 Results
Canoe Sprint (Canoeing) 35 14 49 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 43 26 69 Results
Curling 5 9 14 Results
Cycling BMX Racing (Cycling) 1 1 2 Results
Cycling Mountain Bike (Cycling) 4 4 8 Results
Cycling Road (Cycling) 26 11 37 Results
Cycling Track (Cycling) 25 11 36 Results
Diving (Aquatics) 14 14 28 Results
Equestrian Dressage (Equestrian) 1 6 7 Results
Equestrian Driving (Equestrian) 2 0 2 Results
Equestrian Eventing (Equestrian) 6 1 7 Results
Equestrian Jumping (Equestrian) 7 1 8 Results
Fencing 56 25 81 Results
Figure Skating (Skating) 33 32 65 Results
Football (Football) 15 0 15 Results
Freestyle Skiing (Skiing) 24 23 47 Results
Golf 0 1 1 Results
Handball 34 32 66 Results
Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 95 41 136 Results
Judo 34 23 57 Results
Luge 25 10 35 Results
Modern Pentathlon 12 7 19 Results
Nordic Combined (Skiing) 18 0 18 Results
Rhythmic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 0 42 42 Results
Rowing 36 11 47 Results
Sailing 46 16 62 Results
Shooting 65 29 94 Results
Short Track Speed Skating (Skating) 8 10 18 Results
Skeleton (Bobsleigh) 4 6 10 Results
Ski Jumping (Skiing) 20 1 21 Results
Snowboarding (Skiing) 14 9 23 Results
Speed Skating (Skating) 29 24 53 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 82 57 139 Results
Table Tennis 6 10 16 Results
Taekwondo 5 4 9 Results
Tennis 13 15 28 Results
Trampolining (Gymnastics) 5 4 9 Results
Triathlon 5 7 12 Results
Volleyball (Volleyball) 43 45 88 Results
Water Polo (Aquatics) 22 43 65 Results
Weightlifting 26 10 36 Results
Wrestling 86 13 99 Results

Intercalated Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total

Youth Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
3-on-3 Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 4 5 9 Results
3x3 Basketball (Basketball) 4 4 8 Results
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 3 3 6 Results
Archery 1 1 2 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 2 2 4 Results
Athletics 8 11 19 Results
Beach Volleyball (Volleyball) 2 2 4 Results
Biathlon 8 8 16 Results
Bobsleigh (Bobsleigh) 4 3 7 Results
Boxing 6 0 6 Results
Canoe Sprint (Canoeing) 3 2 5 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 7 7 14 Results
Curling 6 6 12 Results
Fencing 4 5 9 Results
Figure Skating (Skating) 16 18 34 Results
Freestyle Skiing (Skiing) 7 8 15 Results
Handball 0 28 28 Results
Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 51 0 51 Results
Judo 2 2 4 Results
Luge 11 8 19 Results
Mixed Sports 13 13 26 Results
Modern Pentathlon 2 2 4 Results
Nordic Combined (Skiing) 3 2 5 Results
Rhythmic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 0 11 11 Results
Rowing 0 2 2 Results
Sailing 2 1 3 Results
Shooting 2 3 5 Results
Short Track Speed Skating (Skating) 4 4 8 Results
Skeleton (Bobsleigh) 5 6 11 Results
Ski Jumping (Skiing) 7 5 12 Results
Ski Mountaineering 1 1 2 Results
Snowboarding (Skiing) 6 4 10 Results
Speed Skating (Skating) 6 6 12 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 8 8 16 Results
Table Tennis 0 1 1 Results
Taekwondo 3 4 7 Results
Tennis 4 4 8 Results
Trampolining (Gymnastics) 1 1 2 Results
Triathlon 1 1 2 Results
Volleyball (Volleyball) 12 0 12 Results
Weightlifting 4 4 8 Results
Wrestling 8 2 10 Results

Medals by Games

Edition Competition Type Gold Silver Bronze Total
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 32 28 29 89
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 28 26 36 90
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 27 19 11 57
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 26 21 16 63
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 24 13 23 60
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 20 19 28 67
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 19 17 20 56
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 18 14 11 43
1994 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 11 8 4 23
2020 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 10 11 8 29
2014 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 10 9 9 28
1998 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 9 6 3 18
2006 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 8 6 8 22
2016 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 7 8 9 24
2012 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 5 4 7 16
2002 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 5 4 4 13
2010 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 3 5 7 15
1908 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 2 0 3
1912 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 2 3 5

Medals by sport

Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Wrestling 31 14 14 59
Athletics 20 20 19 59
Figure Skating 15 9 3 27
Cross Country Skiing 14 10 9 33
Fencing 13 5 8 26
Artistic Gymnastics 10 15 19 44
Boxing 10 5 15 30
Rhythmic Gymnastics 10 4 2 16
Artistic Swimming 10 0 0 10
Biathlon 9 4 8 21
Shooting 7 14 12 33
Judo 5 4 7 16
Swimming 4 9 9 22
Diving 4 8 6 18
Weightlifting 4 7 7 18
Modern Pentathlon 4 1 0 5
Speed Skating 3 5 5 13
Tennis 3 3 2 8
Cycling Road 3 1 4 8
Short Track Speed Skating 3 1 1 5
Cycling Track 2 4 4 10
Canoe Sprint 2 3 7 12
Snowboarding 2 2 1 5
Trampolining 2 2 0 4
Handball 2 1 1 4
Volleyball 1 3 2 6
Rowing 1 0 3 4
Skeleton 1 0 2 3
Marathon Swimming 1 0 0 1
Luge 0 3 0 3
Taekwondo 0 2 2 4
Freestyle Skiing 0 1 3 4
Water Polo 0 1 3 4
Sailing 0 1 2 3
Archery 0 1 1 2
Bobsleigh 0 1 1 2
Ice Hockey 0 1 1 2
Alpine Skiing 0 1 0 1
Basketball 0 0 3 3
Badminton 0 0 1 1
Canoe Slalom 0 0 1 1
Cycling Mountain Bike 0 0 1 1
Nordic Combined 0 0 1 1

Intercalated Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total

Youth Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Swimming 8 9 5 22
Artistic Gymnastics 8 2 3 13
Figure Skating 7 7 8 22
Wrestling 7 0 2 9
Athletics 6 2 2 10
Biathlon 4 4 4 12
Cross Country Skiing 4 1 2 7
Rhythmic Gymnastics 4 0 0 4
Weightlifting 3 5 0 8
Fencing 3 1 1 5
Skeleton 2 0 0 2
Tennis 1 3 1 5
Luge 1 2 3 6
Judo 1 2 1 4
Taekwondo 1 2 1 4
Mixed Sports 1 2 0 3
Freestyle Skiing 1 1 2 4
Ice Hockey 1 1 1 3
Modern Pentathlon 1 1 0 2
Ski Jumping 1 1 0 2
Canoe Sprint 1 0 1 2
Beach Volleyball 1 0 0 1
Handball 0 2 0 2
Sailing 0 2 0 2
Speed Skating 0 1 2 3
Alpine Skiing 0 1 1 2
Boxing 0 1 1 2
Bobsleigh 0 1 0 1
Shooting 0 1 0 1
Snowboarding 0 1 0 1
Archery 0 0 2 2
Curling 0 0 1 1
Trampolining 0 0 1 1
Volleyball 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Anastasiya Davydova RUS 5 0 0 5
Nataliya Ishchenko RUS 5 0 0 5
Svetlana Romashina RUS 5 0 0 5
Aleksey Nemov RUS 4 2 6 12
Larisa Lazutina RUS
EUN
4 1 1 6
Anastasiya Yermakova RUS 4 0 0 4
Yuliya Chepalova RUS 3 2 1 6
Lyubov Yegorova RUS
EUN
3 1 0 4
Stanislav Pozdnyakov RUS
EUN
3 0 1 4
Viktor An KOR
RUS
3 0 1 4

Intercalated Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total

Youth Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Nikita Nagorny RUS 3 1 1 5
Yevgeny Rylov RUS 3 1 0 4
Viktoriya Komova RUS 3 0 1 4
Anton Chupkov RUS 2 1 2 5
Seda Tutkhalyan RUS 2 1 0 3
Rozaliya Nasretdinova RUS 2 1 0 3
Alyona Mokhova RUS 2 1 0 3
Andrey Ushakov RUS 2 1 0 3
Yana Yegoryan RUS 2 0 0 2
Mikhail Igolnikov RUS 2 0 0 2
Maya Yakunina RUS 2 0 0 2

IOC Members

Aleksey Butovsky 1894—1900
Sergey, Prince Beloselsky-Belozersky 1900—1908
Georgy, Count Ribeaupierre 1900—1916
Semyon, Prince Trubetskoy 1908—1910
Lev, Prince Urusov 1910—1933
Georges Duperron 1913—1915
Vitaly Smirnov 1991—2015
Marat Gramov 1991—1992
Shamil Tarpichev 1994—
Yury Titov 1995—1996
Aleksandr Popov 1999—2003
Aleksandr Popov 2008—2016
Aleksandr Zhukov 2013—
Vitaly Smirnov 2015—
Aleksandr Popov 2016—
Yelena Isinbayeva 2016—