Republic of Korea

Overview

NOCKorean Sport and Olympic Committee
Flagbearers71

Participants

Olympic Games 2479
Youth Olympic Games 240

Description

The Republic of Korea, as we know it today, was formally created on 15 August 1948, after the end of World War II. But the National Olympic Committee was already established on 15 July 1946 and recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) on 20 June 1947 at the IOC session in Stockholm. Korea first officially competed at the 1948 Olympic Games in London. However, in both 1932 and 1936, during the occupation of the country by the Japanese (1910-1945), several Korean athletes competed at the Olympic Games wearing the colors of Japan. Korea has competed at all Olympics since 1948 with the exception of 1980, when it boycotted the Moscow Olympics. Korea also made its first Olympic Winter Games appearance in 1948 and has since missed only the Winter celebration of 1952.

Since 1948, Korea has done well in combative sports, winning virtually all of its medals in boxing, wrestling, judo and weightlifting. The women have also medaled in volleyball, basketball, field hockey, table tennis, and archery. Korea has won 296 medals through 2014, 107 of them gold. Fifty-three of these were won at the Olympic Winter Games, including 26 gold, as Korea dominates short-track speed skating. Korea ably hosted the Games of the XXIVth Olympiad in Seoul in 1988 and will host the 23rd Olympic Winter Games in PyeongChang in 2018. Archer Kim Su-Nyeong has won the most medals among Korean Olympians, with six. Two short-track speed skaters, Lee Ho-Seok and Jeon I-Gyeong, and the sportshooter Jin Jong-O have won five medals. Kim and Jeon lead Korean Olympians with four gold medals.

In 1995 the Olympic Committee of South Korea was awarded with the Olympic Cup.

Participations by edition

Edition Competition Type Men Women Total
1948 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 45 1 46 Results
1948 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 3 0 3 Results
1952 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 18 1 19 Results
1956 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 35 0 35 Results
1956 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 4 0 4 Results
1960 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 33 2 35 Results
1960 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 5 2 7 Results
1964 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 128 26 154 Results
1964 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 5 2 7 Results
1968 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 41 13 54 Results
1968 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 5 3 8 Results
1972 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 32 10 42 Results
1972 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 4 5 Results
1976 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 38 12 50 Results
1976 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 2 3 Results
1980 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 6 4 10 Results
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 116 59 175 Results
1984 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 11 4 15 Results
1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 269 132 401 Results
1988 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 18 4 22 Results
1992 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 154 72 226 Results
1992 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 19 4 23 Results
1994 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 11 10 21 Results
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 190 113 303 Results
1998 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 26 11 37 Results
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 175 106 281 Results
2002 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 31 15 46 Results
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 145 119 264 Results
2006 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 26 14 40 Results
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 159 106 265 Results
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 34 38 72 Results
2010 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 27 18 45 Results
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 135 115 250 Results
2012 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 15 11 26 Results
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 41 32 73 Results
2014 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 41 30 71 Results
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 103 104 207 Results
2016 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 16 14 30 Results
2018 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 75 45 120 Results
2020 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 22 18 40 Results

Participations by discipline

Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 22 5 27 Results
Archery 20 21 41 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 38 20 58 Results
Artistic Swimming (Aquatics) 0 8 8 Results
Athletics 108 55 163 Results
Badminton 30 28 58 Results
Baseball (Baseball/Softball) 60 0 60 Results
Basketball (Basketball) 56 47 103 Results
Biathlon 14 6 20 Results
Bobsleigh (Bobsleigh) 11 4 15 Results
Boxing 95 0 95 Results
Canoe Sprint (Canoeing) 21 5 26 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 25 2 27 Results
Curling 6 11 17 Results
Cycling Mountain Bike (Cycling) 1 0 1 Results
Cycling Road (Cycling) 28 11 39 Results
Cycling Track (Cycling) 28 5 33 Results
Diving (Aquatics) 12 7 19 Results
Equestrian Dressage (Equestrian) 4 0 4 Results
Equestrian Eventing (Equestrian) 8 0 8 Results
Equestrian Jumping (Equestrian) 14 1 15 Results
Fencing 50 33 83 Results
Figure Skating (Skating) 8 19 27 Results
Football (Football) 148 0 148 Results
Freestyle Skiing (Skiing) 5 7 12 Results
Golf 2 4 6 Results
Handball 63 82 145 Results
Hockey 63 95 158 Results
Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 23 0 23 Results
Judo 61 35 96 Results
Luge 10 2 12 Results
Modern Pentathlon 15 3 18 Results
Nordic Combined (Skiing) 1 0 1 Results
Rhythmic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 0 6 6 Results
Rowing 34 27 61 Results
Sailing 22 3 25 Results
Shooting 72 53 125 Results
Short Track Speed Skating (Skating) 27 24 51 Results
Skeleton (Bobsleigh) 5 1 6 Results
Ski Jumping (Skiing) 6 1 7 Results
Snowboarding (Skiing) 8 3 11 Results
Speed Skating (Skating) 48 41 89 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 42 54 96 Results
Table Tennis 13 20 33 Results
Taekwondo 8 8 16 Results
Tennis 7 6 13 Results
Triathlon 1 0 1 Results
Volleyball (Volleyball) 72 93 165 Results
Water Polo (Aquatics) 13 0 13 Results
Weightlifting 67 12 79 Results
Wrestling 121 3 124 Results

Youth Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
3-on-3 Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 3 4 7 Results
3x3 Basketball (Basketball) 0 4 4 Results
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 3 3 6 Results
Archery 2 2 4 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 2 2 4 Results
Athletics 5 4 9 Results
Badminton 2 2 4 Results
Biathlon 3 3 6 Results
Bobsleigh (Bobsleigh) 4 1 5 Results
Boxing 1 0 1 Results
Canoe Sprint (Canoeing) 1 0 1 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 4 4 8 Results
Curling 6 6 12 Results
Fencing 6 5 11 Results
Figure Skating (Skating) 4 4 8 Results
Football (Football) 18 0 18 Results
Freestyle Skiing (Skiing) 4 0 4 Results
Golf 1 1 2 Results
Handball 14 14 28 Results
Hockey 0 15 15 Results
Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 1 2 3 Results
Judo 2 2 4 Results
Mixed Sports 2 2 4 Results
Modern Pentathlon 2 2 4 Results
Sailing 1 0 1 Results
Shooting 3 3 6 Results
Short Track Speed Skating (Skating) 6 6 12 Results
Skeleton (Bobsleigh) 3 1 4 Results
Ski Mountaineering 1 1 2 Results
Snowboarding (Skiing) 5 2 7 Results
Speed Skating (Skating) 6 6 12 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 4 3 7 Results
Table Tennis 2 2 4 Results
Taekwondo 3 2 5 Results
Tennis 2 1 3 Results
Triathlon 2 2 4 Results
Weightlifting 1 1 2 Results
Wrestling 1 2 3 Results

Medals by Games

Edition Competition Type Gold Silver Bronze Total
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 13 11 8 32
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 13 9 8 30
1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 12 10 11 33
1992 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 12 5 12 29
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 11 4 4 19
2016 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 10 3 3 16
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 9 12 9 30
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 9 3 9 21
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 8 10 10 28
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 7 15 5 27
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 6 6 7 19
2010 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 6 6 2 14
2006 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 6 3 2 11
2012 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 6 3 2 11
2018 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 5 8 4 17
2020 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 5 3 0 8
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 4 6 5 15
1994 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 4 1 1 6
2014 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 3 3 2 8
1998 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 3 1 2 6
2002 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 2 0 4
1992 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 1 1 4
1976 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 4 6
1964 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 2 1 3
1956 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 1 2
1968 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 1 2
1972 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 0 1
1948 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 2 2
1952 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 2 2

Medals by sport

Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Short Track Speed Skating 24 13 11 48
Archery 23 9 7 39
Taekwondo 12 2 5 19
Judo 11 16 16 43
Wrestling 11 11 14 36
Shooting 7 8 1 16
Badminton 6 7 6 19
Speed Skating 5 8 3 16
Fencing 4 2 5 11
Boxing 3 7 10 20
Weightlifting 3 6 6 15
Table Tennis 3 3 12 18
Handball 2 4 1 7
Artistic Gymnastics 1 4 4 9
Swimming 1 3 0 4
Athletics 1 1 0 2
Figure Skating 1 1 0 2
Baseball 1 0 1 2
Golf 1 0 0 1
Skeleton 1 0 0 1
Hockey 0 3 0 3
Basketball 0 1 0 1
Bobsleigh 0 1 0 1
Curling 0 1 0 1
Snowboarding 0 1 0 1
Football 0 0 1 1
Volleyball 0 0 1 1

Youth Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Short Track Speed Skating 11 6 0 17
Speed Skating 7 2 4 13
Taekwondo 3 1 0 4
Shooting 2 1 2 5
Fencing 2 1 1 4
Cross Country Skiing 2 1 0 3
Archery 2 0 1 3
Judo 2 0 1 3
Swimming 1 2 0 3
Golf 1 1 0 2
Handball 1 1 0 2
Figure Skating 1 0 0 1
Modern Pentathlon 1 0 0 1
Table Tennis 0 1 1 2
Football 0 1 0 1
Wrestling 0 1 0 1
Artistic Gymnastics 0 0 1 1
Athletics 0 0 1 1
Badminton 0 0 1 1
Snowboarding 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Jin Jong-O KOR 4 2 0 6
Kim Su-Nyeong KOR 4 1 1 6
Jeon I-Gyeong KOR 4 0 1 5
Park Seong-Hyeon KOR 3 1 0 4
Viktor An KOR
RUS
3 0 1 4
Ki Bo-Bae KOR 3 0 1 4
Yun Mi-Jin KOR 3 0 0 3
Kim Gi-Hun KOR 3 0 0 3
Jin Seon-Yu KOR 3 0 0 3
Lee Seung-Hun KOR 2 3 0 5

Youth Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Magnus Kim KOR 2 1 0 3
Shim Seok-Hui KOR 2 0 1 3
Seo Whi-Min KOR 2 0 1 3
Park Ji-Woo KOR 2 0 0 2
Kim Min-Seok KOR 2 0 0 2
Lee Sin-Hee KOR 2 0 0 2
Jang Mi KOR 2 0 0 2
Kim Ji-Yoo KOR 2 0 0 2
Jang Sung-Woo KOR 1 2 0 3
Chung Jae-Woong KOR 1 1 1 3

IOC Members

Lee Ki-Poong 1955—1960
Lee Sang-Baek 1964—1966
Chang Key-Young 1967—1977
Kim Taik-Soo 1977—1983
Park Chong-Kyu 1984—1985
Kim Un-Yong 1986—2005
Lee Kun-Hee 1996—2017
Park Yong-Sung 2002—2007
Mun Dae-Seong 2008—2016
Yu Seung-Min 2016—
Lee Kun-Hee 2017—
Lee Kee-Heung 2019—