|Competitions held||65 (Venues)|
|IF||International Skating Union|
In the United States and Canada, speed skating was not conducted in time-trial fashion, but in small pack races. This format was used at the 1932 Olympic Winter Games, but never used again outdoors at the Olympics. However, races in indoor halls, frequently also used for ice hockey and figure skating, became increasingly popular in North America.
In 1967, the International Skating Union (ISU) recognized short track speed skating as a separate sport. Since 1981, World Championships have been held, and in 1988 the sport was demonstrated at the Winter Olympics in Calgary.
The sport is governed by the ISU, which was formed in 1892, the first true international governing body of any winter sport, and it also governs figure skating and speed skating. As of 2022, the ISU has 102 member nations. However, because several nations have both a figure skating and a speed skating member, only 81 nations are represented in the ISU.
Short track speed skating became a full medal sport in 1992, with an individual event and a relay event for both men and women. This program has gradually been expanded to nine events. Both men and women now contest 500 metres, 1,000 metres and 1,500 metres individually, as well as a relay event (3,000 metres for women, 5,000 metres for men). Beijing 2022 witnessed the first mixed 2,000 metres relay. In 2018 long-track speed skating added a mass start event for men and women, similar to the 1932 speed skating events.
While Europeans have dominated traditional speed skating, North American and Asian countries have taken the bulk of Olympic medals in this sport. In particular, South Korea has excelled, having won 26 gold medals out of 65 events contested. The Asian country is followed by China (12 golds, 37 medals), Canada (10 golds, 37 medals) and the United States (4 golds, 20 medals).
The most decorated male short track speed skaters have been Viktor An (formerly Ahn Hyeon-Su) (KOR/RUS) and Apolo Anton Ohno (USA), who have both won eight medals, with An/Ahn winning six gold medals. In the overall medal score, they are both surpassed by female short track speed skater Arianna Fontana (ITA), who has won 11 Olympic medals. Also in the women’s competition, Wang Meng (CHN) and Jeon I-Gyeong (KOR) have both won four gold medals.
|Republic of Korea||KOR||26||16||11||53|
|People's Republic of China||CHN||12||16||9||37|
|Democratic People's Republic of Korea||PRK||0||0||1||1|
|Republic of Korea||KOR||11||6||0||17|
|People's Republic of China||CHN||1||3||5||9|
|Viktor An|| KOR
|Diede van Oorschot||NED||1||0||0||1|
|Name||Gender||Still contested?||Times held?|
|5,000 metres Relay||Men||10|
|3,000 metres Relay||Women||10|
|2,000 metres Relay||Mixed||1|
|3,000 metres Relay||Mixed Youth||3|