Canada (CAN)

Overview

NOCCanadian Olympic Committee
Flagbearers102

Participants

Olympic Games 5261
Intercalated Games 3
Youth Olympic Games 389
Other competitors with CAN nationality 65

Description

Canada first appeared officially at the 1904 Olympic Games in St. Louis. However, back in 1900, four Canadian citizens had competed in track & field athletics, titularly under USA colors. Since 1900, Canada has failed to be represented only at the 1980 Moskva Olympic Games.

Swimmer Penny Oleksiak leads the total Summer medal table, with a total of seven medals (one gold, two silver, four bronze). She is followed by runner Andre De Grasse, with six medals in total and one gold. Two Canadian rowers have won three gold medals each: together, Kathleen Heddle and Marnie McBean won gold in 1992 coxless pairs, in 1992 eights, and in 1996 double sculls (both also winning a bronze in the 1996 quadruple sculls event).

Canada has appeared at every Olympic Winter Games since their inception in 1924, and, in addition, its ice hockey team competed in the 1920 hockey tournament, winning decisively. This began a trend that continued until the Soviet Union entered the Olympic ice hockey tournaments, starting in 1956.

Canada has won 222 medals at the Olympic Winter Games, with 76 golds (or 223 and 77, if we include 1920 ice hockey). Speedskaters Cindy Klassen and Charles Hamelin have won the most medals of any Canadian Olympians, with six each. Clara Hughes has also won six Olympic medals, competing at both the Summer and Winter Olympics. Hughes won two medals in cycling in 1996 and four medals in speedskating in 2002, 2006, and 2010. Besides Charles Hamelin, three female Canadian ice hockey players have also won four gold medals: Jayna Hefford, Hayley Wickenheiser, and Caroline Ouellette, whose teams won from 2002-2014.

Although Canada has been dominant in ice hockey, their best sports at the Olympic Winter Games, in terms of medals won, have been speedskating (42 medals and 10 gold), short-track speedskating (37 and 10), figure skating (29 and 6), freestyle skiing (30 and 12), and then ice hockey (23 and 14). Canada won its most medals at the Olympic Winter Games at PyeongChang 2018, with 29. It won the most gold medals on its home turf at Vancouver 2010, with 14.

Canada has also hosted the Games of the XXIst Olympiad in Montréal in 1976, the 15th Olympic Winter Games in Calgary in 1988, and the 21st Olympic Winter Games in Vancouver in 2010.

Participations by edition

Olympic Games

Edition As Men Women Total
1904 Summer Olympics Canada 54 0 54 Results
1908 Summer Olympics Canada 87 0 87 Results
1912 Summer Olympics Canada 37 0 37 Results
1920 Summer Olympics Canada 53 0 53 Results
1924 Summer Olympics Canada 65 0 65 Results
1924 Winter Olympics Canada 11 1 12 Results
1928 Summer Olympics Canada 62 7 69 Results
1928 Winter Olympics Canada 20 3 23 Results
1932 Summer Olympics Canada 85 17 102 Results
1932 Winter Olympics Canada 38 4 42 Results
1936 Summer Olympics Canada 79 18 97 Results
1936 Winter Olympics Canada 22 7 29 Results
1948 Summer Olympics Canada 105 22 127 Results
1948 Winter Olympics Canada 24 4 28 Results
1952 Summer Olympics Canada 97 10 107 Results
1952 Winter Olympics Canada 31 8 39 Results
1956 Summer Olympics Canada 77 15 92 Results
1956 Winter Olympics Canada 27 8 35 Results
1956 Equestrian Olympics Canada 4 0 4 Results
1960 Summer Olympics Canada 74 11 85 Results
1960 Winter Olympics Canada 34 10 44 Results
1964 Summer Olympics Canada 95 20 115 Results
1964 Winter Olympics Canada 43 12 55 Results
1968 Summer Olympics Canada 111 28 139 Results
1968 Winter Olympics Canada 55 15 70 Results
1972 Summer Olympics Canada 158 50 208 Results
1972 Winter Olympics Canada 29 18 47 Results
1976 Summer Olympics Canada 261 124 385 Results
1976 Winter Olympics Canada 38 21 59 Results
1980 Winter Olympics Canada 41 18 59 Results
1984 Summer Olympics Canada 257 151 408 Results
1984 Winter Olympics Canada 47 20 67 Results
1988 Summer Olympics Canada 223 105 328 Results
1988 Winter Olympics Canada 82 30 112 Results
1992 Summer Olympics Canada 179 116 295 Results
1992 Winter Olympics Canada 79 29 108 Results
1994 Winter Olympics Canada 66 29 95 Results
1996 Summer Olympics Canada 152 151 303 Results
1998 Winter Olympics Canada 81 63 144 Results
2000 Summer Olympics Canada 150 144 294 Results
2002 Winter Olympics Canada 85 65 150 Results
2004 Summer Olympics Canada 130 132 262 Results
2006 Winter Olympics Canada 108 83 191 Results
2008 Summer Olympics Canada 186 146 332 Results
2010 Winter Olympics Canada 113 88 201 Results
2012 Summer Olympics Canada 119 154 273 Results
2014 Winter Olympics Canada 121 96 217 Results
2016 Summer Olympics Canada 127 183 310 Results
2018 Winter Olympics Canada 119 101 220 Results
2020 Summer Olympics Canada 148 230 378 Results
2022 Winter Olympics Canada 108 103 211 Results

Intercalated Games

Edition As Men Women Total
1906 Intercalated Games Canada 3 0 3 Results

Youth Olympic Games

Edition As Men Women Total
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Canada 21 39 60 Results
2012 Winter Youth Olympics Canada 35 16 51 Results
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Canada 33 42 75 Results
2016 Winter Youth Olympics Canada 35 19 54 Results
2018 Summer Youth Olympics Canada 33 39 72 Results
2020 Winter Youth Olympics Canada 47 30 77 Results

Participations by discipline

Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 81 68 149 Results
Archery 17 10 27 Results
Art Competitions 17 7 24 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 39 56 95 Results
Artistic Swimming (Aquatics) 0 51 51 Results
Athletics 414 222 636 Results
Badminton 18 17 35 Results
Baseball (Baseball/Softball) 43 0 43 Results
Basketball (Basketball) 97 64 161 Results
Beach Volleyball (Volleyball) 11 11 22 Results
Biathlon 27 20 47 Results
Bobsleigh (Bobsleigh) 87 18 105 Results
Boxing 127 6 133 Results
Canoe Marathon (Canoeing) 19 0 19 Results
Canoe Slalom (Canoeing) 15 6 21 Results
Canoe Sprint (Canoeing) 97 33 130 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 68 35 103 Results
Curling 28 29 57 Results
Cycling BMX Racing (Cycling) 3 2 5 Results
Cycling Mountain Bike (Cycling) 10 8 18 Results
Cycling Road (Cycling) 64 22 86 Results
Cycling Track (Cycling) 60 18 78 Results
Diving (Aquatics) 39 36 75 Results
Equestrian Dressage (Equestrian) 4 18 22 Results
Equestrian Eventing (Equestrian) 22 22 44 Results
Equestrian Jumping (Equestrian) 16 8 24 Results
Fencing 64 39 103 Results
Figure Skating (Skating) 85 89 174 Results
Football (Football) 41 45 86 Results
Freestyle Skiing (Skiing) 51 49 100 Results
Golf 7 2 9 Results
Handball 14 14 28 Results
Hockey 96 36 132 Results
Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 347 72 419 Results
Judo 35 24 59 Results
Karate 1 0 1 Results
Lacrosse 36 0 36 Results
Luge 35 19 54 Results
Marathon Swimming (Aquatics) 2 3 5 Results
Modern Pentathlon 11 4 15 Results
Nordic Combined (Skiing) 17 0 17 Results
Rhythmic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 0 15 15 Results
Rowing 302 119 421 Results
Rugby Sevens (Rugby) 13 19 32 Results
Sailing 140 24 164 Results
Shooting 93 12 105 Results
Short Track Speed Skating (Skating) 24 24 48 Results
Skateboarding (Roller Sports) 3 1 4 Results
Skeleton (Bobsleigh) 12 8 20 Results
Ski Jumping (Skiing) 41 4 45 Results
Snowboarding (Skiing) 41 33 74 Results
Softball (Baseball/Softball) 0 63 63 Results
Speed Skating (Skating) 80 55 135 Results
Sport Climbing 1 1 2 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 176 179 355 Results
Table Tennis 12 9 21 Results
Taekwondo 2 6 8 Results
Tennis 17 14 31 Results
Trampolining (Gymnastics) 2 4 6 Results
Triathlon 9 13 22 Results
Volleyball (Volleyball) 51 34 85 Results
Water Polo (Aquatics) 40 31 71 Results
Weightlifting 39 10 49 Results
Wrestling 113 14 127 Results

Intercalated Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Athletics 3 0 3 Results

Youth Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
3x3 Basketball (Basketball) 0 4 4 Results
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 6 6 12 Results
Archery 3 0 3 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 3 3 6 Results
Athletics 10 24 34 Results
Badminton 2 1 3 Results
Beach Volleyball (Volleyball) 2 4 6 Results
Biathlon 7 7 14 Results
Bobsleigh (Bobsleigh) 4 6 10 Results
Boxing 2 0 2 Results
Breaking (Dance) 1 1 2 Results
Canoe Sprint (Canoeing) 2 2 4 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 4 4 8 Results
Curling 6 6 12 Results
Cycling Road (Cycling) 3 1 4 Results
Diving (Aquatics) 3 3 6 Results
Equestrian Jumping (Equestrian) 0 1 1 Results
Fencing 4 4 8 Results
Figure Skating (Skating) 7 6 13 Results
Freestyle Skiing (Skiing) 9 8 17 Results
Golf 2 2 4 Results
Hockey 5s 18 0 18 Results
Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 51 0 51 Results
Judo 2 3 5 Results
Luge 5 5 10 Results
Mixed Sports 8 7 15 Results
Modern Pentathlon 0 1 1 Results
Nordic Combined (Skiing) 1 0 1 Results
Rhythmic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 0 11 11 Results
Rowing 1 3 4 Results
Rugby Sevens (Rugby) 0 24 24 Results
Sailing 1 2 3 Results
Shooting 2 2 4 Results
Short Track Speed Skating (Skating) 1 1 2 Results
Skeleton (Bobsleigh) 3 3 6 Results
Ski Jumping (Skiing) 4 1 5 Results
Ski Mountaineering 1 1 2 Results
Snowboarding (Skiing) 9 11 20 Results
Sport Climbing 0 1 1 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 11 12 23 Results
Table Tennis 0 1 1 Results
Taekwondo 3 1 4 Results
Tennis 1 2 3 Results
Trampolining (Gymnastics) 2 1 3 Results
Triathlon 3 2 5 Results
Weightlifting 0 1 1 Results
Wrestling 6 3 9 Results

Medals by Games

Edition Competition Type Gold Silver Bronze Total
2010 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 14 7 5 26
2018 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 11 8 10 29
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 10 18 16 44
2014 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 10 10 5 25
2006 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 7 10 7 24
2020 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 7 6 11 24
1992 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 7 4 7 18
2002 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 7 3 7 17
1998 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 6 5 4 15
2022 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 4 8 14 26
1928 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 4 4 7 15
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 4 3 15 22
1904 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 4 1 1 6
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 11 8 22
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 9 8 20
1994 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 3 6 4 13
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 6 3 12
1908 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 3 10 16
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 3 8 14
1920 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 3 3 9
1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 2 5 10
1912 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 2 3 8
2016 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 3 2 1 6
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 3 1 8 12
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 6 10 18
1932 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 5 9 16
1992 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 3 2 7
2012 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 2 1 6 9
1956 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 1 2 5
1960 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 1 1 4
1984 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 1 1 4
1948 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 0 1 3
1936 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 3 5 9
1968 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 3 1 5
2020 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 1 2 5 8
1964 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 2 1 4
1952 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 2 0 3
1932 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 5 7
1964 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 1 3
1968 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 1 3
1976 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 1 3
1906 Intercalated Games Intercalated Games 1 1 0 2
1952 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 1 2
1924 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 0 1
1928 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 0 1
1976 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 5 6 11
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 0 4 3 7
2018 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 0 3 6 9
1924 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 3 1 4
1972 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 2 3 5
1988 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 2 3 5
1948 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 2 2 4
1956 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 2 3
1980 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 1 2
1936 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 0 1
1960 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 0 1
1972 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 0 1
1956 Equestrian Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 1 1

Medals by sport

Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Athletics 15 17 32 64
Ice Hockey 14 6 3 23
Freestyle Skiing 12 12 6 30
Rowing 10 17 16 43
Speed Skating 10 16 16 42
Short Track Speed Skating 10 13 14 37
Swimming 9 18 27 54
Figure Skating 6 11 12 29
Curling 6 3 3 12
Snowboarding 5 5 7 17
Bobsleigh 5 2 4 11
Canoe Sprint 4 9 10 23
Shooting 4 3 2 9
Alpine Skiing 4 1 7 12
Boxing 3 7 7 17
Wrestling 3 7 7 17
Artistic Swimming 3 4 1 8
Trampolining 2 3 2 7
Cycling Track 2 2 6 10
Equestrian Jumping 2 2 1 5
Weightlifting 2 2 1 5
Skeleton 2 1 1 4
Cross Country Skiing 2 1 0 3
Football 2 0 2 4
Biathlon 2 0 1 3
Lacrosse 2 0 1 3
Diving 1 5 8 14
Triathlon 1 1 0 2
Artistic Gymnastics 1 0 0 1
Golf 1 0 0 1
Rhythmic Gymnastics 1 0 0 1
Tennis 1 0 0 1
Sailing 0 3 6 9
Judo 0 2 5 7
Canoe Marathon 0 2 1 3
Cycling Mountain Bike 0 2 1 3
Cycling Road 0 1 2 3
Art Competitions 0 1 1 2
Luge 0 1 1 2
Taekwondo 0 1 1 2
Basketball 0 1 0 1
Beach Volleyball 0 0 1 1
Equestrian Dressage 0 0 1 1
Equestrian Eventing 0 0 1 1
Marathon Swimming 0 0 1 1
Rugby Sevens 0 0 1 1
Ski Jumping 0 0 1 1
Softball 0 0 1 1

Intercalated Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Athletics 1 1 0 2

Youth Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Swimming 2 2 6 10
Snowboarding 2 1 2 5
Freestyle Skiing 2 0 1 3
Luge 1 1 1 3
Curling 1 0 1 2
Wrestling 1 0 0 1
Alpine Skiing 0 2 0 2
Ice Hockey 0 1 2 3
Artistic Gymnastics 0 1 1 2
Diving 0 1 1 2
Rugby Sevens 0 1 1 2
Beach Volleyball 0 1 0 1
Breaking 0 1 0 1
Hockey 5s 0 1 0 1
Taekwondo 0 0 3 3
Rowing 0 0 2 2
Short Track Speed Skating 0 0 2 2
Skeleton 0 0 2 2
Fencing 0 0 1 1
Judo 0 0 1 1
Rhythmic Gymnastics 0 0 1 1
Ski Jumping 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Includes medals won as part of mixed teams.

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Charles Hamelin CAN 4 1 1 6
Jayna Hefford CAN 4 1 0 5
Hayley Wickenheiser CAN 4 1 0 5
Caroline Ouellette CAN 4 0 0 4
Scott Moir CAN 3 2 0 5
Tessa Virtue CAN 3 2 0 5
Jennifer Botterill CAN 3 1 0 4
Becky Kellar CAN 3 1 0 4
Meghan Agosta CAN 3 1 0 4
Marie-Philip Poulin CAN 3 1 0 4
Rebecca Johnston CAN 3 1 0 4

Intercalated Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Billy Sherring CAN 1 0 0 1
Don Linden CAN 0 1 0 1

Youth Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Tera Van Beilen CAN 1 1 1 3
Rachel Nicol CAN 1 0 2 3
Dori Yeats CAN 1 0 0 1
Brooke Apshkrum CAN 1 0 0 1
Nathan Young CAN 1 0 0 1
Andrew Longino CAN 1 0 0 1
Michael Ciccarelli CAN 1 0 0 1
Audrey McManiman CAN 1 0 0 1
Karlee Burgess CAN 1 0 0 1
Mary Fay CAN 1 0 0 1
Sterling Middleton CAN 1 0 0 1
Tyler Tardi CAN 1 0 0 1
Reece Howden CAN 1 0 0 1
Brian Yang CAN 1 0 0 1

IOC Members

John Hanbury-Williams 1911—1921
Jim Merrick 1921—1946
Sir George Brown 1928—1939
John Patteson 1946—1954
Sidney Dawes 1947—1967
Sidney Dawes 1967—1968
Jim Worrall 1967—1989
Dick Pound 1978—2022
Jim Worrall 1989—2011
Carol Anne Letheren 1990—2001
Charmaine Crooks 1999—2004
Paul Henderson 2000—2004
Bob Steadward 2000—2003
Beckie Scott 2006—2014
Hayley Wickenheiser 2014—2022
Tricia Smith 2016—
Dick Pound 2022—