1992 Winter Olympics

Facts

Competition type Olympic Games
Host city Albertville, France (Venues)
Opening ceremony 8 February
Closing ceremony 23 February
Competition dates 8 – 23 February
OCOG Comité d'organisation des Jeux olympiques d'hiver d'Albertville et de la Savoie
Participants 1801 from 64 countries
Medal events 57 in 12 disciplines
Other events 8 in 3 disciplines

Overview

Jean-Claude Killy was co-president of the Organizing Committee of the 1992 Olympic Winter Games and was directly responsible for convincing the IOC to bring the Games to the Haute-Savoie. As an organizer, Killy was almost as successful as he had been as an Olympic skiier. The Games were awarded to Albertville but they were actually spread over several small towns and villages of the French Savoie in the French Alps. Problems with transportation between the villages were expected but they did not materialize and the Games were extremely well run. Because of the distance between events, there were several small Olympic Villages, instead of a single, central Village.

The biggest news at the Olympics was the introduction of several new teams because of the political upheavals that had occurred in the past two years. Germany competed as a single team and independent nation for the first time since 1936. Because of the break-up of the Soviet Union, the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, competed for the first time since 1936. Two newly independent nations that had been former states of Yugoslavia, Croatia and Slovenia, competed at the Olympics for the first time as independent nations. The Soviet Union, which no longer existed, was represented instead by a team called the Unified Team, representing a portion of the Commonwealth of Independent States. Russia, Belarus (formerly Byelorussia), the Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan made up the states of the Unified Team.

Something else that was new to the Winter Olympics in Albertville was the introduction of a number of new Olympic sports and events to the winter Games. Women competed in biathlon for the first time. Men and women competed in short-track speedskating, skated pack-style indoors. Freestyle skiing, which had been a demonstration sport in 1988, returned with the moguls being a full medal sport. Speed skiing and the other two freestyle disciplines, ballet and aeriels, were demonstration events. Sadly, speed skiing was marred when one competitor, Nicolas Bochatay, was killed during a training run.

Athletically no single athlete dominated the Winter Olympics. The biggest medal winners were two male cross-country runners from Norway and two female cross-country runners from the Unified Team. Yelena Välbe and Lyubov Yegorova won five medals in the women’s events while Vegard Ulvang and Bjørn Dæhlie won four medals in the men’s events. It was the Olympic début for Dæhlie, who would dominate nordic skiing through the 1998 Winter Olympics. In alpine skiing, the only double gold medalist was Austria’s Petra Kronberger, who won the slalom and the alpine combined.

The five men’s speed skating events went to five different skaters, while in women’s speed skating, America’s Bonnie Blair won both sprints (500, 1,000), and Germany’s Gunda Niemann won both distance events (3,000, 5,000).

In luge, 1988 silver medalist Georg Hackl won the men’s singles, which would prove to be the first of three consecutive victories in that event for the German. In women’s luge, Austria’s Doris and Angelika Neuner won the gold and silver medals, making them only the second sisters to win the top two places in an individual event. The first were France’s Marielle and Christine Goitschel in 1964 alpine skiing), in both the slalom and giant slalom.

Bid process

Bid voting at the 91st IOC Session in Lausanne on 17 October 1986.

Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4 Tiebreak Round 5
Albertville France 19 26 29 42 51
Sofia Bulgaria 25 25 28 24 25
Falun Sweden 10 11 11 9 41 9
Lillehammer Norway 10 11 9 9 40
Cortina d'Ampezzo Italy 7 6 7
Anchorage, Alaska United States 7 5
Berchtesgaden West Germany 6

Ceremonies

Officially opened by François Mitterrand (President)
Torchbearer(s) François-Cyrille Grange (Lit flame), Michel Platini
Taker of the Athlete's Oath Surya Bonaly
Taker of the Official's Oath Pierre Bomat
Flagbearers Full list
Olympic Flag Bearers Unknown French alpine soldiers

Medal Disciplines

Alpine Skiing Figure Skating Nordic Combined
Biathlon Freestyle Skiing Short Track Speed Skating
Bobsleigh Ice Hockey Ski Jumping
Cross Country Skiing Luge Speed Skating

Other Disciplines

Curling Freestyle Skiing Speed Skiing

Medal table

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
Germany GER 10 10 6 26
Unified Team EUN 9 6 8 23
Norway NOR 9 6 5 20
Austria AUT 6 7 8 21
United States USA 5 4 2 11
Italy ITA 4 6 4 14
France FRA 3 5 1 9
Finland FIN 3 1 3 7
Canada CAN 2 3 2 7
Republic of Korea KOR 2 1 1 4
Japan JPN 1 2 4 7
Netherlands NED 1 1 2 4
Sweden SWE 1 0 3 4
Switzerland SUI 1 0 2 3
People's Republic of China CHN 0 3 0 3
Luxembourg LUX 0 2 0 2
New Zealand NZL 0 1 0 1
Czechoslovakia TCH 0 0 3 3
Democratic People's Republic of Korea PRK 0 0 1 1
Spain ESP 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Lyubov Yegorova RUS
EUN
3 2 0 5
Bjørn Dæhlie NOR 3 1 0 4
Vegard Ulvang NOR 3 1 0 4
Gunda Kleemann-Niemann-Stirnemann GDR
GER
2 1 0 3
Mark Kirchner GER 2 1 0 3
Toni Nieminen FIN 2 0 1 3
Bonnie Blair USA 2 0 0 2
Petra Kronberger AUT 2 0 0 2
Kim Gi-Hun KOR 2 0 0 2
Antje Misersky-Harvey GER 1 2 0 3

All medalists at these Games