|Competitions held||51 (Venues)|
|IF||International Bobsleigh and Skeleton Federation|
Bobsledding as a sport originated in Switzerland in 1888, when an American, Wilson Smith (who often visited relatives in Britain), connected two sleighs with a board to travel from St. Moritz to Celerina. Bobsledding was first practiced on the Cresta Run, at St. Moritz, but the run was not suitable for the faster bobsleighs, so a separate bob run was constructed there in 1904, the world’s first.
Bobsledding was on the program of the first Olympic Winter Games in 1924, with a single event. In both 1924 and 1928, the event was one for sleds with either four or five men. In 1932, the present men’s program of two events began, one for two-man bobsleighs, and one for four-man bobsleighs. At Salt Lake City 2002, women competed in Olympic bobsledding for the first time, in a two-women event. Women added a second at Beijing 2022 with the monobob competition.
Bobsledding has been contested at all Olympic Winter Games, except at Squaw Valley 1960. Because of the travel distance to California, only nine countries indicated that they would enter bobsled teams. The Squaw Valley (Paradise Tahoe) organizers thus decided not to build a bob run and the sport was not held that year.
Bobsledding has been dominated by the German, the Swiss, and the Americans, and, until 1992, the German Democratic Republic (GDR – East Germany). The sport is governed by the International Bobsleigh & Skeleton Federation (IBSF), which was founded as Fédération Internationale de Bobsleigh et de Tobogganing (FIBT) on 23 November 1923, in Paris, and renamed in 2015. As of 2022, IBSF has 74 members. The bobsledding federation currently also governs the sliding sport of skeleton.
Germany leads the bobsleigh medal list with 32 medals (and 16 gold), and Switzerland has 31 medals and 10 golds. If including East and West Germany, Germany overall has won 51 medals and 22 gold medals.
Four German bobsledders – Kevin Kuske, André Lange, Francesco Friedrich, and Thorsten Margis – have won four gold medals. Bogdan Musiol, who competed for Germany and East Germany, has won the most medals, with seven. On the women’s side, Kaillie Humphries won two golds and one bronze for Canada, and returned at Beijing 2022 to regain the Olympic title, now representing the United States. American Elana Meyers Taylor is the female Olympian with the most bobsleigh medals, with five, but none gold.
|Republic of Korea||KOR||0||1||0||1|
|Kaillie Humphries|| CAN
|Wolfgang Hoppe|| GDR
|Marije van Huigenbosch||NED||1||0||0||1|
|Name||Gender||Still contested?||Times held?|