Diving

Facts

Discipline of Aquatics
Participants 1452
NOCs 82
Competitions held 121 (Venues)
Distinct events 15
IF Fédération internationale de natation

Description

Diving is not considered to be a separate sport by the organizing body of world aquatics, Fédération internationale de natation (FINA). FINA contests four disciplines of aquatic competition – swimming, diving, artistic swimming (synchronized swimming), and water polo. FINA was formed on 19 July 1908 in London and currently has 207 affiliated nations.

Diving contests are known to have been held in the 19th century, although the sport is relatively modern. It was held at the 1904 Olympics in St. Louis, and its appearance on the Olympic Program has been continuous since 1904. Diving has been contested in two basic events at the Olympics – 3-metre springboard and 10-metre platform, with both men and women contesting both events. Four new diving events were added to the Olympic Program for 2000, the first change to the diving program since 1924. These were two-person synchronized diving competitions for men and women on both platform and springboard.

The United States dominated the sport of diving until the 1990s, perhaps more than any sport has been dominated in the Olympics. In the late 1980s the Chinese entered diving competition and posed the first serious threat to this dominance. While the United States’ Greg Louganis, considered the greatest diver ever, was still competing, the Chinese men posted few victories but the Chinese men and women have been formidable since 1990.

All-time medal table

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
United States USA 48 43 44 135
People's Republic of China CHN 40 19 10 69
Sweden SWE 6 8 7 21
Germany GER 5 9 10 24
Russian Federation RUS 4 8 6 18
Soviet Union URS 4 4 6 14
Italy ITA 3 5 3 11
Australia AUS 3 3 7 13
East Germany GDR 2 2 3 7
Mexico MEX 1 7 6 14
Canada CAN 1 4 8 13
Great Britain GBR 1 3 6 10
Czechoslovakia TCH 1 1 0 2
Denmark DEN 1 0 1 2
Greece GRE 1 0 0 1
Unified Team EUN 0 2 1 3
Egypt EGY 0 1 1 2
Malaysia MAS 0 1 1 2
France FRA 0 1 0 1
Ukraine UKR 0 0 2 2

Most successful competitors

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Wu Minxia CHN 5 1 1 7
Chen Ruolin CHN 5 0 0 5
Guo Jingjing CHN 4 2 0 6
Fu Mingxia CHN 4 1 0 5
Greg Louganis USA 4 1 0 5
Pat McCormick USA 4 0 0 4
Klaus Dibiasi ITA 3 2 0 5
Xiong Ni CHN 3 1 1 5
Ingrid Gulbin-Engel-Krämer GDR
GER
3 1 0 4
Dmitry Sautin RUS
EUN
2 2 4 8

Event types

Name Gender Still contested? Times held?
Springboard Men 26
Platform Men 26
Synchronized Springboard Men 5
Synchronized Platform Men 5
Springboard Women 23
Platform Women 21
Synchronized Springboard Women 5
Synchronized Platform Women 5
Springboard Boys 2
Platform Boys 2
Springboard Girls 2
Platform Girls 2
Team Mixed Youth 1
Plain High Men 3
Plain High Women 3