Diving

Facts

Discipline of Aquatics
Participants 1538
NOCs 84
Competitions held 129 (Venues)
Distinct events 15
IF Fédération internationale de natation

Description

Diving is not considered to be a separate sport by the organizing body of world aquatics, Fédération internationale de natation (FINA). FINA contests four disciplines of aquatic competition – swimming, diving, artistic swimming (synchronized swimming), and water polo. FINA was formed on 19 July 1908 in London and has 209 affiliated nations as of 2020.

Diving contests are known to have been held in the 19th century, although the sport is relatively modern. It was held at the 1904 Olympics in St. Louis, and its appearance on the Olympic Program has been continuous since 1904. Diving has been contested in two basic events at the Olympics – 3-metre springboard and 10-metre platform, with both men and women contesting both events. Four new diving events were added to the Olympic Program for 2000, the first change to the diving program since 1924. These were two-person synchronized diving competitions for men and women on both platform and springboard.

At the World Championships, men and women have competed in high diving events since 2013, 27 metres for men and 20 metres for women. FINA has petitioned to have this discipline added to the Olympic Program but without success through 2020.

The United States dominated the sport of diving until the 1990s, perhaps more than any sport has been dominated in the Olympics. In the late 1980s the Chinese entered diving competition and posed the first serious threat to this dominance. While the United States’ Greg Louganis, considered the greatest diver ever, was still competing, the Chinese men posted few victories but the Chinese men and women have been formidable since 1990. Through 2016, the USA has won 135 medals and 48 gold medals, while China has won 69 medals and 40 gold medals.

All-time medal table

Olympic Games

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
United States USA 48 45 45 138
People's Republic of China CHN 47 24 10 81
Sweden SWE 6 8 7 21
Germany GER 5 9 12 26
Russian Federation RUS 4 8 6 18
Soviet Union URS 4 4 6 14
Italy ITA 3 5 3 11
Australia AUS 3 3 8 14
Great Britain GBR 2 3 8 13
East Germany GDR 2 2 3 7
Mexico MEX 1 7 7 15
Canada CAN 1 5 8 14
Czechoslovakia TCH 1 1 0 2
Denmark DEN 1 0 1 2
Greece GRE 1 0 0 1
Unified Team EUN 0 2 1 3
Egypt EGY 0 1 1 2
Malaysia MAS 0 1 1 2
France FRA 0 1 0 1
Ukraine UKR 0 0 2 2
Russian Olympic Committee ROC 0 0 1 1

Intercalated Games

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
Germany GER 1 1 0 2
Austria AUT 0 0 1 1

Youth Olympic Games

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
People's Republic of China CHN 10 1 0 11
Mixed team MIX 2 2 2 6
Mexico MEX 1 1 4 6
Colombia COL 1 0 0 1
Ukraine UKR 0 4 1 5
Malaysia MAS 0 3 1 4
Russian Federation RUS 0 1 2 3
Canada CAN 0 1 1 2
Great Britain GBR 0 1 0 1
United States USA 0 0 2 2
Democratic People's Republic of Korea PRK 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Wu Minxia CHN 5 1 1 7
Chen Ruolin CHN 5 0 0 5
Guo Jingjing CHN 4 2 0 6
Fu Mingxia CHN 4 1 0 5
Greg Louganis USA 4 1 0 5
Pat McCormick USA 4 0 0 4
Shi Tingmao CHN 4 0 0 4
Klaus Dibiasi ITA 3 2 0 5
Xiong Ni CHN 3 1 1 5
Cao Yuan CHN 3 1 1 5

Intercalated Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Gottlob Walz GER 1 0 0 1
Georg Hoffmann GER 0 1 0 1
Otto Satzinger AUT 0 0 1 1

Youth Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Lin Shan CHN 3 0 0 3
Wu Shengping CHN 2 1 0 3
Qiu Bo CHN 2 0 0 2
Liu Jiao CHN 2 0 0 2
Yang Hao CHN 2 0 0 2
Daniel Restrepo COL 2 0 0 2
Alejandra Orozco MEX 1 0 1 2
Daniel Jensen NOR 1 0 0 1
Randal Willars MEX 1 0 0 1
Pandelela Rinong MAS 0 2 0 2
Oleksandr Bondar ROC
UKR
0 2 0 2
Lian Junjie CHN 0 2 0 2

Event types

Name Gender Still contested? Times held?
Springboard Men 27
Platform Men 27
Synchronized Springboard Men 6
Synchronized Platform Men 6
Springboard Women 24
Platform Women 22
Synchronized Springboard Women 6
Synchronized Platform Women 6
Springboard Boys 3
Platform Boys 3
Springboard Girls 3
Platform Girls 3
Team Mixed Youth 2
Plain High Men 3
Plain High Women 3