|Competitions held||66 (Venues)|
|IF||International Tennis Federation|
Tennis, originally lawn tennis, was invented by Major Walter Wingfield, a British army officer, in 1873. The original name was “sphairistike”. However, tennis variants are much older than that. Court tennis, or royal tennis, real tennis, or jeu de paume, was known to have been played in the Middle Ages.
Tennis was contested at every Olympic Games from 1896 through 1924 as a regular medal sport. It was then discontinued although it was on the schedule as a demonstration sport in 1968 and 1984. The reasons for dropping tennis as an Olympic sport probably were two: the International Olympic Committee (IOC) was upset that many of the top tennis players, though considered amateurs, infringed upon its strict definition of amateurism; and the tennis establishment, especially in Great Britain, was concerned that the Olympic events might become more important than Wimbledon, and did not wish that to occur.
Tennis returned to the Olympics as a full medal sport in 1988, as it became possible for full-scale professionals to the Olympics, with no other restrictions. Still, not all top players attend the Olympic Games, as they consider it of lesser importance, or find it interfering with their preparation for the U.S. Open Grand Slam tournament, which is usually held near the same time period.
There have recently been four Olympic events, singles and doubles for both men and women, while mixed doubles was held in London 2012 for the first time since 1924. The governing body of the sport is the International Tennis Federation (ITF), previously known as International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF), which was founded on 1 March 1913 in Paris, with twelve founding mermbers: Australasia (Australia and New Zealand), Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland. As of 2018 the ITF has 211 members.
|People's Republic of China||CHN||1||0||1||2|
|Mary Joe Fernandez||USA||2||0||1||3|
|John Pius Boland||GBR||2||0||0||2|
|Arthur Wentworth Gore||GBR||2||0||0||2|
|Gigi Fernandez|| PUR
|Name||Gender||Still contested?||Times held?|
|Singles, Covered Courts||Men||2|
|Doubles, Covered Courts||Men||2|
|Doubles, Professionals, Handicap||Men||1|
|Singles, Covered Courts||Women||2|
|Doubles, Covered Courts||Mixed||1|