Bohemia

Overview

NOCČeský olympijský výbor
Flagbearers3

Participants

Olympic Games 60
Intercalated Games 13

Description

Bohemia, at that time part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, formed a “Bohemian Committee for the Olympic Games” (“Český výbor pro hry olympijské”) in autumn 1896. Two meetings on 1 and 18 May 1899 can be seen as the birth of the National Olympic Committee (NOC). Still provisional, the committee became official on 7 March 1900 which paved the way for Bohemia to take part in the 1900 Olympics. Bohemia also participated in the 1906, 1908, and 1912 Olympics, but missed the 1904 Olympics in St. Louis. In 1912 political pressure from Austria forced the committee to change its name to Austrian-Czech Olympic Committee, in 1914 the committee was expelled from the International Olympic Committee (IOC) due to the reason that every country can have only one NOC, and in October 1916 during World War I it was dissolved. The president of the Bohemian NOC Jiří Guth-Jarkovský was also pressured to resign from the IOC, but he never did. After the end of World War I he was a founding member of the NOC of the Czechoslovak Republic (ČSR) and served as IOC member until his death in 1943. Bohemia was part of the Czechoslovak Republic (ČSR) (1918-1938 and 1945-1960), the Nazi Germany established Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (1939-1945), the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (ČSSR) (1960-1990), and the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (ČSFR) (1990-1992), and is part of the Czech Republic (from 1993 onwards).

In total 65 athletes competed for Bohemia between 1900 and 1912 mailny in athletics (track and field), fencing, and tennis. As they did not win any gold medal, František Janda-Suk is their most successful athlete by winning silver in the 1900 discus throw. Three of their athlete were able to win two medals all in bronze Hedwiga Rosenbaumová in tennis in 1900, Zdeněk Žemla also in tennis in 1906, and Vilém Goppold z Lobsdorfu, Sr. in fencing in 1908. In total Bohemian athletes won six Olympic medals.

Participations by edition

Edition Competition Type Men Women Total
1900 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 6 1 7 Results
1906 Intercalated Games Intercalated Games 13 0 13 Results
1908 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 19 0 19 Results
1912 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 43 0 43 Results

Participations by discipline

Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Art Competitions 1 0 1 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 3 0 3 Results
Athletics 16 0 16 Results
Cycling Road (Cycling) 5 0 5 Results
Cycling Track (Cycling) 1 0 1 Results
Fencing 17 0 17 Results
Rowing 1 0 1 Results
Tennis 10 1 11 Results
Wrestling 7 0 7 Results

Intercalated Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 1 0 1 Results
Athletics 5 0 5 Results
Fencing 1 0 1 Results
Shooting 1 0 1 Results
Tennis 3 0 3 Results
Wrestling 2 0 2 Results

Medals by Games

Edition Competition Type Gold Silver Bronze Total
1900 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 1 2
1906 Intercalated Games Intercalated Games 0 0 2 2
1908 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 2 2

Medals by sport

Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Athletics 0 1 0 1
Fencing 0 0 2 2
Tennis 0 0 1 1

Intercalated Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Tennis 0 0 2 2

Most successful competitors

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
František Janda-Suk BOH
TCH
0 1 0 1
Hedwig Rosenbaum BOH 0 0 2 2
Vilém Goppold z Lobsdorfu, Sr. BOH 0 0 2 2
Otakar Lada BOH 0 0 1 1
Vlastimil Lada-Sázavský BOH 0 0 1 1
Bedřich Schejbal BOH 0 0 1 1
Jaroslav Tuček BOH
TCH
0 0 1 1

Intercalated Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Zdeněk Žemla BOH 0 0 2 2
Ladislav Žemla BOH
TCH
0 0 1 1

IOC Members

Jiří Guth-Jarkovský 1894—1918