Art Competitions

Facts

Discipline of Art Competitions
Participants 1871
NOCs 51
Competitions held 80 (Venues)
Distinct events 29

Description

Art contests were held at the Olympics of 1912, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, and 1948. The winners of the competitions were awarded gold, silver, and bronze medals, similar to the winners of the athletic competitions. The events were inspired by Pierre de Coubertin, who wished to combine the competitions in sports with competitions in the arts. The art competitions were dropped from the Olympic Program because of the most of the artists were professionals, which the IOC opposed. Competitions were held in Architectural Designs, Designs for Town Planning, Sculpture – Medals, Sculpture – Reliefs, Sculpture – Any Kind, Applied Graphics, Drawings and Water-Colors, Other Graphic Arts, Paintings, Dramatic Works, Epic Works, Literature – All Kinds, Lyrics, Musical Compositions for One Instrument, Musical Compositions for Orchestra of All Kinds, Musical Compositions of Songs for Soloist or Choir, With or Without Instrumental Accompaniment, Music – All Kinds. Two artists won three medals – Alex Walter Diggelmann of Switzerland (all in applied graphics) and Josef Petersen of Denmark (one in epic works and two in literature – all kinds). Jean Jacoby of Luxembourg was the only artist to win two gold medals in the art competitions; one in drawings and water-colors and one in paintings. In 1912, de Coubertin won a gold medal in the literature category. Coubertin’s gold medal was for his work entitled “Ode to Sport” which he entered under the dual pseudonym of Georg Hohrod and Martin Eschbach. Two arts medalists also won medals in sports at the Olympic Games. Alfred Hajós of Hungary won two swimming gold medals in 1896 and a medal for designs for town planning in 1924; and Walter Winans won running deer shooting medals in 1908 and 1912 and also won an arts gold medal in sculpture in 1912.

All-time medal table

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
Germany GER 8 7 9 24
Italy ITA 5 7 2 14
United States USA 4 5 0 9
France FRA 4 4 5 13
Great Britain GBR 3 5 1 9
Austria AUT 3 3 3 9
Poland POL 3 2 3 8
Finland FIN 3 1 1 5
Switzerland SUI 2 4 1 7
Belgium BEL 2 1 5 8
Netherlands NED 2 1 3 6
Luxembourg LUX 2 1 0 3
Sweden SWE 2 0 2 4
Hungary HUN 1 2 1 4
Greece GRE 1 0 0 1
Denmark DEN 0 5 4 9
Czechoslovakia TCH 0 1 2 3
Ireland IRL 0 1 2 3
Canada CAN 0 1 1 2
South Africa RSA 0 1 1 2
Norway NOR 0 1 0 1
Japan JPN 0 0 2 2
Monaco MON 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Jean Jacoby LUX 2 0 0 2
Alex Walter Diggelmann SUI 1 1 1 3
Werner March GER 1 1 0 2
Józef Klukowski POL 1 1 0 2
Edwin Grienauer AUT 1 0 1 2
Walter Winans USA 1 0 0 1
Adolf Hoch AUT 1 0 0 1
Hermann Kutschera AUT 1 0 0 1
Albéric Collin BEL 1 0 0 1
Georges Monier BEL 1 0 0 1
Urho Karhumäki FIN 1 0 0 1
Yrjö Lindegren FIN 1 0 0 1
Aale Tynni FIN 1 0 0 1
Pierre Bailly FRA 1 0 0 1
Charles Guyot FRA 1 0 0 1
Albert Decaris FRA 1 0 0 1
Paul Landowski FRA 1 0 0 1
Gustave Saacké FRA 1 0 0 1
John Hughes GBR 1 0 0 1
William Nicholson GBR 1 0 0 1
Alfred Thomson GBR 1 0 0 1
Paul Bauer GER 1 0 0 1
Franz Sondinger GER 1 0 0 1
Werner Mayer GER 1 0 0 1
Pierre, Baron de Coubertin FRA
GER
1 0 0 1
Alfred Hensel GER 1 0 0 1
Paul Höffer GER 1 0 0 1
Walter March GER 1 0 0 1
Emil Sutor GER 1 0 0 1
Kostas Dimitriadis GRE 1 0 0 1
Ferenc Mező HUN 1 0 0 1
Richard Barthélemy ITA 1 0 0 1
Raniero Nicolai ITA 1 0 0 1
Carlo Pellegrini ITA 1 0 0 1
Giani Stùparich ITA 1 0 0 1
Farpi Vignoli ITA 1 0 0 1
Isaac Israëls NED 1 0 0 1
Jan Wils NED 1 0 0 1
Zbigniew Turski POL 1 0 0 1
Kazimierz Wierzyński POL 1 0 0 1
Alphonse Laverrière SUI 1 0 0 1
Eugène-Édouard Monod SUI 1 0 0 1
Gustaf Nordahl SWE 1 0 0 1
David Wallin SWE 1 0 0 1
Lee Blair USA 1 0 0 1
Joseph Webster Golinkin USA 1 0 0 1
Mahonri Mackintosh Young USA 1 0 0 1
Pierre Montenot FRA 1 0 0 1

Event types

Name Gender Still contested? Times held?
Architecture Open 3
Architecture, Designs For Town Planning Open 4
Architecture, Architectural Designs Open 4
Architecture, Unknown Event Open 4
Literature Open 4
Literature, Dramatic Works Open 3
Literature, Epic Works Open 3
Literature, Lyric Works Open 3
Literature, Unknown Event Open 1
Music Open 4
Music, Compositions For Orchestra Open 3
Music, Compositions For Solo Or Chorus Open 2
Music, Instrumental And Chamber Open 3
Music, Vocals Open 1
Music, Unknown Event Open 2
Painting Open 3
Painting, Drawings And Water Colors Open 3
Painting, Graphic Arts Open 4
Painting, Paintings Open 4
Painting, Unknown Event Open 3
Painting, Applied Arts Open 2
Sculpturing Open 3
Sculpturing, Medals Open 1
Sculpturing, Medals And Plaques Open 1
Sculpturing, Medals And Reliefs Open 2
Sculpturing, Reliefs Open 2
Sculpturing, Statues Open 4
Sculpturing, Unknown Event Open 3
Unknown Event Open 1