Turkey

Overview

NOCTürkiye Millî Olimpiyat Komitesi
Flagbearers74

Participants

Olympic Games 815
Intercalated Games 1
Youth Olympic Games 127

Description

Turkey was first represented at the Olympic Games of 1906 when an Armenian student, Vahran Papazyan, at Robert College in Constantinople (now Istanbul) competed in the 800 and 1,500 metre track events. Also Zareck Couyoumdzian, a member of the Smyrna football team, was Armenian and can be counted as Turkish participant. Several Greek competitors living in cities that belonged to the Ottoman Empire (as Turkey was then known), also competed in these Games, but these can hardly be considered Turkish. It is often claimed that during a visit to Turkey in 1907, Pierre de Coubertin invited his guide, Aleko Mulos Bey, to take part in the gymnastic events at the 1908 Olympics, and for many years we felt that there was little evidence that Mulos actually competed. However, we have recently found the complete results of 1908 individual gymnastics and Mulos Bey definitely did compete, making him he first ethnic Turk at the Olympic Games.

There again were two Turkish entrants at the 1912 Olympics (again both ethnic Armenians) and Turkey sent its first serious team in 1924 when they entered a 31-man squad to the Paris Olympics. Since then it has missed only the Games of 1932 and 1980. Turkey first competed at the Olympic Winter Games in 1936 and has since missed only the Winter Games of 1952, 1972, and 1980. Turkey has won 87 Olympic medals. Turkish wrestlers account for an outstanding 58 of these, with 28 wrestling gold medals. Its most notable competitors, however, have been weightlifters: both Halil Mutlu and Naim Süleymanoğlu won three gold medals in that sport. Turkey has attempted to organize the Olympics four times, with Istanbul unsuccessfully bidding for the 2000, 2004 and 2008 Olympics. For the 2020 Olympic Games, Istanbul has bid again, and is among the three finalists.

In 1972 the Olympic Committee of Turkey was awarded with the Olympic Cup.

Participated as

Edition Name
1906 Intercalated Games Ottoman Empire
1912 Summer Olympics Ottoman Empire
All other editions Turkey

Participations by edition

Edition Competition Type Men Women Total
1906 Intercalated Games Intercalated Games 1 0 1 Results
1908 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 1 Results
1912 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 0 2 Results
1924 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 22 0 22 Results
1928 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 31 0 31 Results
1932 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 1 Results
1936 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 46 2 48 Results
1936 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 6 0 6 Results
1948 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 57 1 58 Results
1948 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 4 0 4 Results
1952 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 51 0 51 Results
1956 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 13 0 13 Results
1956 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 4 0 4 Results
1956 Equestrian Olympics Olympic Games 6 0 6 Results
1960 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 46 3 49 Results
1960 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 0 2 Results
1964 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 23 0 23 Results
1964 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 5 0 5 Results
1968 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 29 0 29 Results
1968 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 11 0 11 Results
1972 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 42 1 43 Results
1976 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 26 1 27 Results
1976 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 9 0 9 Results
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 45 1 46 Results
1984 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 7 0 7 Results
1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 36 5 41 Results
1988 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 8 0 8 Results
1992 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 36 5 41 Results
1992 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 8 0 8 Results
1994 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 1 Results
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 44 9 53 Results
1998 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 1 Results
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 42 15 57 Results
2002 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 1 3 Results
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 44 20 64 Results
2006 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 3 3 6 Results
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 48 19 67 Results
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 26 29 55 Results
2010 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 3 5 Results
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 48 64 112 Results
2012 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 3 1 4 Results
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 21 21 42 Results
2014 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 3 3 6 Results
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 53 47 100 Results
2016 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 7 5 12 Results
2018 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 5 3 8 Results
2020 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 7 7 14 Results

Participations by discipline

Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 36 3 39 Results
Archery 11 10 21 Results
Art Competitions 2 0 2 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 2 2 4 Results
Athletics 78 49 127 Results
Badminton 0 2 2 Results
Basketball (Basketball) 19 17 36 Results
Boxing 60 0 60 Results
Canoe Sprint (Canoeing) 0 1 1 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 24 2 26 Results
Cycling Mountain Bike (Cycling) 1 0 1 Results
Cycling Road (Cycling) 17 0 17 Results
Cycling Track (Cycling) 5 0 5 Results
Diving (Aquatics) 1 1 2 Results
Equestrian Eventing (Equestrian) 8 0 8 Results
Equestrian Jumping (Equestrian) 12 0 12 Results
Fencing 19 4 23 Results
Figure Skating (Skating) 1 2 3 Results
Football (Football) 62 0 62 Results
Judo 15 8 23 Results
Modern Pentathlon 0 1 1 Results
Rowing 3 0 3 Results
Sailing 27 5 32 Results
Shooting 14 4 18 Results
Ski Jumping (Skiing) 1 0 1 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 26 13 39 Results
Table Tennis 3 1 4 Results
Taekwondo 2 5 7 Results
Tennis 0 1 1 Results
Volleyball (Volleyball) 0 12 12 Results
Weightlifting 37 9 46 Results
Wrestling 178 5 183 Results

Intercalated Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Athletics 1 0 1 Results

Youth Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
3-on-3 Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 2 1 3 Results
3x3 Basketball (Basketball) 4 0 4 Results
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 3 3 6 Results
Archery 2 2 4 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 1 2 3 Results
Athletics 10 5 15 Results
Badminton 2 2 4 Results
Beach Volleyball (Volleyball) 0 2 2 Results
Biathlon 1 1 2 Results
Boxing 5 2 7 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 3 3 6 Results
Curling 4 4 8 Results
Fencing 1 1 2 Results
Football (Football) 0 18 18 Results
Judo 2 2 4 Results
Luge 1 1 2 Results
Modern Pentathlon 0 1 1 Results
Rowing 4 1 5 Results
Sailing 1 2 3 Results
Shooting 1 0 1 Results
Ski Jumping (Skiing) 2 0 2 Results
Snowboarding (Skiing) 1 0 1 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 3 3 6 Results
Taekwondo 2 3 5 Results
Weightlifting 3 3 6 Results
Wrestling 6 1 7 Results

Medals by Games

Edition Competition Type Gold Silver Bronze Total
1960 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 7 2 0 9
1948 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 6 4 2 12
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 4 1 1 6
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 3 5 11
1956 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 2 2 7
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 0 2 5
1964 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 3 1 6
1992 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 2 2 6
1952 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 0 1 3
1968 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 0 0 2
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 1 3 6 10
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 1 3 6 10
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 3 4 8
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 3 5
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 1 3
1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 0 2
1936 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 1 2
1972 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 0 1
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 3 3

Medals by sport

Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Wrestling 29 18 16 63
Weightlifting 8 1 2 11
Taekwondo 1 3 3 7
Judo 1 0 1 2
Boxing 0 2 3 5
Athletics 0 0 3 3

Intercalated Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total

Youth Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Wrestling 1 3 2 6
Judo 1 0 1 2
Boxing 0 1 3 4
Taekwondo 0 1 3 4
Artistic Gymnastics 0 1 0 1
Football 0 0 1 1
Rowing 0 0 1 1
Weightlifting 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Halil Mutlu TUR 3 0 0 3
Naim Süleymanoğlu TUR 3 0 0 3
Mithat Bayrak TUR 2 0 0 2
Mustafa Dağıstanlı TUR 2 0 0 2
Hamza Yerlikaya TUR 2 0 0 2
Hamit Kaplan TUR 1 1 1 3
Ahmet Ayık TUR 1 1 0 2
Hasan Güngör TUR 1 1 0 2
İsmail Oğan TUR 1 1 0 2
Ahmet Kireççi TUR 1 0 1 2
Mehmet Akif Pirim TUR 1 0 1 2
Servet Tazegül TUR 1 0 1 2

Intercalated Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total

Youth Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Resul Kalaycı TUR 1 0 0 1
Melisa Çakmaklı TUR 1 0 0 1
Ferhat Arıcan TUR 0 1 0 1
Burak Akşın TUR 0 1 0 1
Tevfik Burak Babaoğlu TUR 0 1 0 1
Musa Gedik TUR 0 1 0 1
Fatma Sarıdoğan TUR 0 1 0 1
Tuğba Kılıç TUR 0 1 0 1
Fatih Aslan TUR 0 1 0 1
Sidre Özer TUR 0 0 1 1
Dilan Akarsu TUR 0 0 1 1
Büşra Ay TUR 0 0 1 1
Kübra Aydın TUR 0 0 1 1
Nazmiye Aytop TUR 0 0 1 1
Fatma Barut TUR 0 0 1 1
Hilal Başkol TUR 0 0 1 1
Hülya Cin TUR 0 0 1 1
Kader Doğan TUR 0 0 1 1
Eda Duran TUR 0 0 1 1
Medine Erkan TUR 0 0 1 1
Yaşam Göksu TUR 0 0 1 1
Fatma Gülen TUR 0 0 1 1
Eda Karataş TUR 0 0 1 1
Ümran Özev TUR 0 0 1 1
Büşra Özturk TUR 0 0 1 1
Esra Öztürk TUR 0 0 1 1
Feride Serin TUR 0 0 1 1
Melisa Tosun TUR 0 0 1 1
Şeyma Tuncer TUR 0 0 1 1
Ümitcan Patır TUR 0 0 1 1
Batuhan Efemgil TUR 0 0 1 1
Berkcan Süngü TUR 0 0 1 1
Emre Büyükünlü TUR 0 0 1 1
Mehmet Ali Daylak TUR 0 0 1 1
Begünhan Ünsal TUR 0 0 1 1
Neriman Istık TUR 0 0 1 1
Adem Furkan Avcı TUR 0 0 1 1
Oğuzhan Karaca TUR 0 0 1 1
Eren Can Aslan TUR 0 0 1 1
Gökhan Güven TUR 0 0 1 1
Talha Bayram TUR 0 0 1 1
Cabbar Duyum TUR 0 0 1 1

IOC Members

Selim Tarcan 1908—1930
Kemalettin Sami 1930—1932
Reşit Atabinen 1933—1952
Suat Erler 1955—1984
Turgut Atakol 1984—1988
Sinan Erdem 1988—2003
Uğur Erdener 2008—2018
Uğur Erdener 2018—