Art Competitions at the 1936 Summer Olympics

Dates 1 – 16 August 1936
Medal Events 18

Compared to 1932, the art program had once again been expanded. The disciplines of Literature and Music had now been divided into three events each. The medals and reliefs event had been split up, creating another sculpturing event, and applied arts was added as a new painting category. This resulted in a record number of 15 arts events. The German organizing committee had actually proposed several more additions, including dance, gold and silver smithing, and film, but none of these proposals were approved by the IOC. One change that did make it through to the Games was that the winning musical compositions were to be performed, unlike at earlier competitions. The physical art objects were exhibited in Hall VI of the Exhibition Area on the Kaiserdamm, from 15 July through 16 August. During that month, 70,000 people visited the exhibition.

Not many athletes boycotted the Olympics for being held in Nazi Germany, but the art committees had more trouble finding entries than before, as many artists did refuse to exhibit in Germany. Entries came in slowly, and the submission deadlines were extended to allow more artists to send in works. Several countries were completely absent from the art competitions, notably France and Great Britain, which had been present in great numbers at the other Olympics. Numberwise, though, their absence was more than compensated by entries from future Axis nations – Austria, Germany, Italy and Japan.

Unsurprisingly, these nations scooped up the majority of the prizes. Germany alone won 12 medals, with five gold medals. Italy won five medals (one gold), with Austria, Finland and Switzerland all winning a gold medal. In three events, no medals were awarded at all - Literature, Dramatic Works; Music, Instrumental And Chamber; and Painting, Applied Graphics. Three further events did not see a gold medallist.

Events

Event Status Date Participants NOCs
Architecture, Designs For Town Planning, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 8 3
Architecture, Architectural Designs, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 6 3
Architecture, Further Entries, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 77 14
Literature, Dramatic Works, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 6 4
Literature, Epic Works, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 21 10
Literature, Lyric Works, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 14 8
Music, Compositions For Orchestra, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 20 9
Music, Compositions For Solo Or Chorus, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 8 4
Music, Instrumental And Chamber, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 5 4
Painting, Drawings And Water Colors, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 7 7
Painting, Graphic Arts, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 2 2
Painting, Paintings, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 33 12
Painting, Unknown Event, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 191 12
Painting, Applied Graphics, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 16 6
Sculpturing, Medals, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 22 7
Sculpturing, Reliefs, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 15 10
Sculpturing, Statues, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 80 15
Sculpturing, Unknown Event, Open Olympic 1 – 16 August 1936 22 8
527 (497/30) 24 (24/12)

Medals

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Architecture, Designs For Town Planning, Open GermanyGER Charles Downing LayUSA Theodor NußbaumGER
Architecture, Architectural Designs, Open Hermann KutscheraAUT Werner MarchGER AustriaAUT
Literature, Epic Works, Open Urho KarhumäkiFIN Wilhelm EhmerGER Jan ParandowskiPOL
Literature, Lyric Works, Open Felix DhünenGER Tella tuta bonis metuenda supremisITA Hans Helmut StoiberAUT
Music, Compositions For Orchestra, Open Werner EgkGER Lino LiviabellaITA Jaroslav KřičkaTCH
Music, Compositions For Solo Or Chorus, Open Paul HöfferGER Kurt ThomasGER Harald GenzmerGER
Painting, Drawings And Water Colors, Open Romano DazziITA Sujaku SuzukiJPN
Painting, Paintings, Open Rudolf EisenmengerAUT Ryuji FujitaJPN
Painting, Applied Arts, Open Alex Walter DiggelmannSUI Alfred HierlGER Stanisław Ostoja-ChrostowskiPOL
Sculpturing, Medals, Open Luciano MercanteITA Jozuë DuponBEL
Sculpturing, Reliefs, Open Emil SutorGER Józef KlukowskiPOL
Sculpturing, Statues, Open Farpi VignoliITA Arno BrekerGER Stig BlombergSWE

Medal table

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
Germany GER 5 5 2 12
Italy ITA 1 4 0 5
Austria AUT 1 1 2 4
Finland FIN 1 0 0 1
Switzerland SUI 1 0 0 1
Poland POL 0 1 2 3
United States USA 0 1 0 1
Japan JPN 0 0 2 2
Belgium BEL 0 0 1 1
Czechoslovakia TCH 0 0 1 1
Sweden SWE 0 0 1 1