|Date||2 – 7 July 1904|
|Location||Francis Field, Washington University, St. Louis|
|Participants||36 from 2 countries|
|Format||Single elimination tournament.|
Lacrosse was contested in the 1904 Olympics, and it deserves that classification as an Olympic sport. Although only three teams competed, two of them were from a foreign country, Canada, and one of the Canadian teams won the championship.
The events were contested on the infield of the Olympic stadium on July 2 and 7, 1904. There were four teams entered: the Winnipeg Shamrocks of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; the St. Louis AAA (Amateur Athletic Association); the Mohawk Indians of Canada; and the Brooklyn Crescents. The Brooklyn Crescents did not appear because of a ruling by the Eastern Lacrosse Association that they had used professional players during games in the spring of 1904, which caused them to be banned from the Olympics. This ban came very late, in June, and the team could not be replaced. It should have been replaced with the St. Paul Lacrosse Club, who was undefeated, and had even tied the Winnipeg Shamrocks that same year.
The Winnipeg Shamrocks were the class of the three teams, easily defeating the St. Louis AAA in the final 8-2. Lacrosse was contested again at the 1908 Olympics as an official Olympic sport, but has not appeared on the Olympic program since. However, the 1904 lacrosse tournament is certainly of Olympic caliber, having been contested by amateur athletes of both America and foreign countries with no restrictions placed on them.
Until research on the 1904 Olympic Games was published in 1981 (by Mallon), the Mohawk Indian team was unknown, and the Brooklyn Crescents entry was not recorded either. Some sources list the Mohawk Indian team as actually an Iroquois Indian team, as the Mohawks were one of the six nations of the Six Nations Confederacy of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) Native American (First Nations) peoples. They apparently were from the area surrounding Brantford, Ontario, and the discovery of their roster allows us to add the following wonderful Native American names to the list of Olympic medalists: Black Hawk, Black Eagle, Almighty Voice, Flat Iron, Spotted Tail, Half Moon, Lightfoot, Snake Eater, Red Jacket, Night Hawk, Man Afraid of the Soap, and Rain in Face.
In various other 1904 St. Louis newspapers covering other games they played, we have discovered the English names of all of their players. There were also several other Mohawk players who played on their American tour, whose English names were as follows: Philip Jackson, Thomas Will, L. Bumbary, J. B. Eaver, W. E. Martin (who was actually the coach), and Charlie Johnson.
|Élie Blanchard • Billy Brennagh • George Bretz • Billy Burns • George Cattanach • George Cloutier • Sandy Cowan • Jack Flett • Benjamin Jamieson • Stuart Laidlaw • Hilliard Lyle • Lawrence Pentland|
|2||St. Louis Amateur Athletic Association||USA||Silver|
|J. W. Dowling • W. R. Gibson • Patrick Grogan • Tom Hunter • William Murphy • William Partridge • George Passmore • William Passmore • W. J. Ross • Jack Sullivan • Albert Venn • A. M. Woods|
|Almighty Voice • Black Eagle • Black Hawk • Flat Iron • Half Moon • Lightfoot • Man Afraid of the Soap • Night Hawk • Rain in Face • Red Jacket • Snake Eater • Spotted Tail|
|Match #1||USA||2 – 2||Mohawk Indians|
|Match 1/2||Winnipeg Shamrocks||8 – 2||USA|