Babberger was educated by a master painter and applied unsuccessfully for admission to the Art Academy in München. But he also studied in Darmstadt, and even received a scholarship to attend the International Art School at Firenze. Later, he worked primarily as a landscape painter in Switzerland. In 1920 he became a professor at the Art Academy in Karlsruhe and led this institution from 1923-30. As an Expressionist, in the Nazi era he was considered a “degenerate” artists and lost his job. He went to Switzerland, where he died soon after in 1936. Babberger was married to the rear glass painter and poet Anna Maria Tobler.