Carl Diem is one of the co-founders of the International Olympic Academy and is one of the most important writers and historians of the Olympic Movement, authoring dozens of books and articles on Olympism and the Olympic Movement. He studied at the University of Berlin, after which, from 1917-1933, he was secretary-general of the German Committee for Physical Education. He was secretary-general of the Organizing Committee of the 1936 Olympic Games and conceived the idea of the Olympic Torch Relay. From 1938-1944, at Pierre de Coubertin’s request, he served as Director of the International Olympic Institute in Berlin. After World War II, Diem was a sports consultant to the German government. A sports university was founded in his honor, the Carl-Diem-Sporthöchschule in Cologne (Köln).