Genrikh Sidorenkov started his hockey career in 1949 with Krylya Sovetov Moskva joining CSKA Moskva in 1951, and winning six Soviet titles (1955-56, 1958-61) with them. He then played two seasons in SKA Leningrad and ended his playing career with SKA Kalinin (now Tver) from 1964-66. Internationally in addition to his 1956 Olympic gold and 1960 bronze medal, Sidorenkov won World Championships in 1954 and 1956, was second in 1957-59, and won bronze medals in 1960-61. He also won European Championships in 1954-56 and 1958-60 and won gold in 1953 at the World Student Winter Games. After his playing career Sidorenkov worked as a hockey coach with Trud Zagorsk and Gornyaka Rudny, and also worked as an official with the sport club Zenit Moskva.