Malaya, on the Malay Peninsula, formed a National Olympic Committee (NOC) on 15 August 1953, being recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) at the IOC session in Athens on 15 May of the following year. It made its début at the 1956 Olympic Games, and competed again in Rome 1960. The country expanded to form Malaysia in 1963 after merging with North Borneo (Sabah), Sarawak, and Singapore, and has since competed under that name. On 5 May 1964 the NOCs of Malaya, Singapore, Sabah, and Sarawak formed the Olympic Council of Malaysia.
Malaya never won an Olympic medal nor did it compete at the Olympic Winter Games. The top performance by a Malayan Olympian was in 1956 weightlifting, when Tan Kim Bee finished sixth in the men’s middle-heavyweight division.