The Ethics Commission was formed in 1999 in response to the Olympic Bribery Scandal. The Ethics Commission’s primary focus was to address the responsibilities of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), to oversee the selection process of host cities, and to investigate any allegations of breaches of conduct by IOC Members or Olympic Candidate or Host Cities. The Ethics Commission currently consists of 10 members, chaired in 2015 by Youssoupha Ndiaye. In the summer of 1999, the Ethics Commission produced an IOC Code of Ethics. The IOC Website (www.olympic.org) notes that the Ethics Commission has three functions:
- It draws up and continuously updates the ethical principles, including in particular the Code of Ethics based on the values and principles enshrined in the Olympic Charter. It disseminates these texts;
- It conducts investigations into breaches of ethics submitted to it by the IOC president and, where necessary, makes recommendations for measures or sanctions to the IOC Executive Board and/or the IOC session; these recommendations remain confidential until the IOC Executive Board makes a decision; and
- It has a mission of prevention and advising the whole Olympic Movement in order to assist with the application of the ethical principles and rules. In all cases, this advice remains confidential.