Mariya Gorokhovskaya

Biographical information

Medals OG
Gold 2
Silver 5
Bronze 0
Total 7
TypeCompeted in Olympic Games
Full nameMariya Kondratyevna•Gorokhovskaya
Used nameMariya•Gorokhovskaya
Original nameМария Кондратьевна•Гороховская
Other namesMariya Kindrativna Horokhovska, Марія Кіндратівна Гороховська
Born17 October 1921 in Yevpatoriya, Krym (UKR)
Died22 July 2001 in Tel Aviv (ISR)
AffiliationsStroityel Kharkov
NOC Soviet Union
Nationality Ukraine


Mariya Gorokhovskaya’s Olympic fame rests on one Olympics, the 1952 Helsinki Games. As a member of the Soviet gymnastics team, she won seven medals, which remains the record for the most medals at one Olympic Games by a woman. That mark has been equaled by seven men, and bettered by two men – Aleksandr Dityatin and Michael Phelps, both with eight. In 1952, Gorokhovskaya won gold medals in the individual and team all-around, silver medals on all four apparatuses, and a silver medal in the team portable apparatus event. She never won an individual championship at the World Championships and her competitive career pre-dated the European Championships. Although it had never been public, Gorokhovskaya was Jewish, and she emigrated to Israel in 1990.


Games Discipline (Sport) / Event NOC / Team Pos Medal Nationality As
1952 Summer Olympics Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) URS UKR Mariya Gorokhovskaya
Individual All-Around, Women (Olympic) 1 Gold
Team All-Around, Women (Olympic) Soviet Union 1 Gold
Team Portable Apparatus, Women (Olympic) Soviet Union 2 Silver
Floor Exercise, Women (Olympic) 2 Silver
Horse Vault, Women (Olympic) 2 Silver
Uneven Bars, Women (Olympic) 2 Silver
Balance Beam, Women (Olympic) 2 Silver