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Ernst Hoppenberg

Biographical information

Medals OG
Gold 2
Silver 0
Bronze 0
Total 2
TypeCompeted in Olympic Games
Full nameErnst Heinrich•Hoppenberg
Used nameErnst•Hoppenberg
Born26 July 1878 in Bremen, Bremen (GER)
Died29 September 1937 in Kirn, Rheinland-Pfalz (GER)
AffiliationsBremer SV 1885
NOC Germany


Ernst Hoppenberg was the son of the director of what was, at the time, the only public indoor swimming pool in Bremen. As a young boy he practiced swimming there and in the nearby River Weser, thus being predestined to become an elegant and fast swimmer. Before he participated in the Olympic Games in 1900, winning two gold medals, he was already a two-time German champion, both in the 100 m freestyle and backstroke. Hoppenberg’s Olympic Record in the 200 m backstroke, set in Paris, lasted until 1964 when this distance was again added to the program.

He is an honoree of the International Swimming Hall of Fame since 1988. During his military service Hoppenberg was garrisoned in Kiel. As construction secretary he went to Tsingtao, now Qingdao, in China, which at the turn of the millennium was a German colony, and he founded a local swimming club there. In 1928 he took over his father’s job at the Bremen indoor pool, but nine years later Ernst Hoppenberg was involved in a car accident and died of thrombosis the next day.


Games Discipline (Sport) / Event NOC / Team Pos Medal As
1900 Summer Olympics Swimming (Aquatics) GER Ernst Hoppenberg
200 metres Backstroke, Men (Olympic) 1 Gold
200 metres Team Swimming, Men (Olympic) Deutscher Schwimm Verband Berlin 1 Gold

Olympic Records

Records may have been broken subsequently during the same competition.
Games Date Sport Event Phase Mark Pos
1900 Summer Olympics 11 August 1900 Swimming (Aquatics) 200 metres Backstroke, Men Round One, Heat One 2:54.4 1
1900 Summer Olympics 12 August 1900 Swimming (Aquatics) 200 metres Backstroke, Men Final 2:47.0 1

Special Notes