At the 1900 Games Alvin Kraenzlein of the United States won the 60 metres, the 110 and 200 metre hurdles, and the long jump, and his four individual gold medals remain the unmatched record for a track & field athlete at one Games. At the AAU Championships, Kraenzlein won the 120 yard hurdles in 1898-99, the 220 yard hurdles in 1897-99, and the long jump in 1899. He also won eight titles between 1898 and 1900 in the collegiate championships, then the IC4A, while representing Penn. Kraenzlein’s pioneering technique of straight-leg hurdling brought him two world hurdle records in addition to his five world records in the long jump. The long jump records were all set in 1899, three in April at the Penn Relays, and two in May at the IC4A Championships. His great rival was the Syracuse athlete, Meyer Prinstein. At the 1900 Paris Olympics Prinstein led after the qualifying round, but refused to compete in the finals because they were held on Sunday. He lost when Kraenzlein jumped one centimetre farther in the final. Prinstein was so upset by Kraenzlein’s action that he supposedly assaulted him and punched him. Although a qualified dentist, Kraenzlein never practiced, preferring to become a track coach, notably of the German and Cuban national teams and at the University of Michigan, and after World War I, at his alma mater, Penn, where he served until his death from pleurisy.
Personal Bests: 60 – unknown; 100 – 10.8 (1900); 120yH – 15.2 (1898); 220yH – 23.6 (1898); LJ – 24-4½ (7.43) (1899).