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Al Kraenzlein

Biographical information

Medals OG
Gold 4
Silver 0
Bronze 0
Total 4
TypeCompeted in Olympic Games
SexMale
Full nameAlvin Christian "Al"•Kraenzlein
Used nameAl•Kraenzlein
Born12 December 1876 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (USA)
Died6 January 1928 in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (USA)
Measurements183 cm / 75 kg
AffiliationsPenn Quakers, Philadelphia (USA)
NOC United States

Biography

At the 1900 Games Alvin Kraenzlein of the United States won the 60 metres, the 110 and 200 metre hurdles, and the long jump, and his four individual gold medals remain the unmatched record for a track & field athlete at one Games. At the AAU Championships, Kraenzlein won the 120 yard hurdles in 1898-99, the 220 yard hurdles in 1897-99, and the long jump in 1899. He also won eight titles between 1898 and 1900 in the collegiate championships, then the IC4A, while representing Penn. Kraenzlein’s pioneering technique of straight-leg hurdling brought him two world hurdle records in addition to his five world records in the long jump. The long jump records were all set in 1899, three in April at the Penn Relays, and two in May at the IC4A Championships. His great rival was the Syracuse athlete, Meyer Prinstein. At the 1900 Paris Olympics Prinstein led after the qualifying round, but refused to compete in the finals because they were held on Sunday. He lost when Kraenzlein jumped one centimetre farther in the final. Prinstein was so upset by Kraenzlein’s action that he supposedly assaulted him and punched him. Although a qualified dentist, Kraenzlein never practiced, preferring to become a track coach, notably of the German and Cuban national teams and at the University of Michigan, and after World War I, at his alma mater, Penn, where he served until his death from pleurisy.

Personal Bests: 60 – unknown; 100 – 10.8 (1900); 120yH – 15.2 (1898); 220yH – 23.6 (1898); LJ – 24-4½ (7.43) (1899).

Results

Games Discipline (Sport) / Event NOC / Team Pos Medal As
1900 Summer Olympics Athletics USA Al Kraenzlein
60 metres, Men (Olympic) 1 Gold
100 metres, Men (Olympic) DNS
110 metres Hurdles, Men (Olympic) 1 Gold
200 metres Hurdles, Men (Olympic) 1 Gold
400 metres Hurdles, Men (Olympic) DNS
Long Jump, Men (Olympic) 1 Gold

Olympic Records

Records may have been broken subsequently during the same competition.
Games Date Sport Event Phase Mark Pos
1900 Summer Olympics 14 July 1900 Athletics 110 metres Hurdles, Men Round One, Heat One 15.6 1
1900 Summer Olympics 14 July 1900 Athletics 110 metres Hurdles, Men Final 15.4 1
1900 Summer Olympics 15 July 1900 Athletics Long Jump, Men Final Round 7.185 1