In 1953, the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was formed. It consisted of the colonies Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Of these three, Southern Rhodesia had earlier appeared at the Olympics in 1928, but the new federation founded its own National Olympic Committee. The nation first participated in the 1960 Roma Olympics, sending a team of 14 competitors. It narrowly missed out on a medal in sailing’s Flying Dutchman class. London-born David Butler and Christopher Bevan placed 4th.
This would remain the only appearance of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland at the Olympics. The federation dissolved in 1963, and the now independent Northern Rhodesia competed separately in Tokyo (it changed its name to Zambia during the Games). Southern Rhodesia also competed, but confusingly did so under the name Rhodesia. In 1980, it would re-appear at the Games under its new name of Zimbabwe. Nyasaland, finally, became independent as Malawi, and first appeared at the Olympics in Munich 1972.