Zimbabwe

Overview

NOCZimbabwe Olympic Committee
Flagbearers27

Participants

Olympic Games 192
Youth Olympic Games 34

Description

Zimbabwe was formerly Rhodesia, a British colony which was self-governing from 1923, and as Rhodesia, competed at three Olympic Games – those of 1928 and 1964. On 11 November 1965, Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian D. Smith announced his nation’s unilateral declaration of independence from Great Britain. Britain termed the act illegal and demanded that Rhodesia broaden voting rights to provide for eventual rule by majority Africans. In May 1968, the United Nations Security Council condemned the white-dominated Rhodesian government, asking that Rhodesian passports not be accepted for international travel. Rhodesia did not compete at the 1968 Olympics, one reason being that the International Olympic Committee (IOC) did not recognize its independent status, another being that Mexico honored the UN Security Council ruling.

At the 71st IOC session in Luxembourg in 1971, the IOC ruled that Rhodesian athletes could compete at the 1972 Olympics under the same conditions as in 1968 – using British uniforms, the Union Jack as a flag, and with “God Save the Queen” as an anthem. Initially, this placated the African nations. However, shortly before the 1972 Munich Olympics, the African nations threatened a mass boycott if Rhodesia was allowed to compete. The petition stated that the Rhodesians had entered Germany not on British passports, as still required by the UN Security Council, but using the Olympic Identity Card. Two days before the 1972 Opening Ceremonies, the IOC voted narrowly (36-31, with three abstentions) to withdraw the invitation to Rhodesia for the 1972 Olympics.

In 1975, the IOC sent a three-member contingent to visit Rhodesia to inspect the sporting facilities and groups. Led by Major Sylvio de Magalhães Padilha of Brazil, this commission of inquiry was not kind to Rhodesian sports, and the IOC expelled the Rhodesian Olympic Committee, by a 41-26 vote.

After a civil war and eventual free elections, Rhodesia became Zimbabwe on 18 April 1980. Zimbabwe first appeared at the Olympics in 1980 at Moscow and the highlight of its appearance was the gold medal performance of its women’s hockey (field) team. Zimbabwe competed at the all subsequent Olympic Games and in 2014 competed for the first time in the Olympic Winter Games with the alpine skier Luke Henri Steyn. In 2004 and 2008, Zimbabwean swimmer Kirsty Coventry won seven medals, including two golds in the 200 metre backstroke, bringing her nation’s medal total to eight.

Participated as

Edition Name
1928 Summer Olympics Rhodesia
1964 Summer Olympics Rhodesia
All other editions Zimbabwe

Participations by edition

Edition Competition Type Men Women Total
1928 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 0 2 Results
1964 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 25 4 29 Results
1980 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 23 19 42 Results
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 12 3 15 Results
1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 23 6 29 Results
1992 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 10 9 19 Results
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 12 1 13 Results
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 11 5 16 Results
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 9 3 12 Results
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 8 5 13 Results
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 20 4 24 Results
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 4 3 7 Results
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 4 6 10 Results
2014 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 1 Results
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 9 21 30 Results

Participations by discipline

Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 1 0 1 Results
Archery 5 1 6 Results
Athletics 38 9 47 Results
Boxing 10 0 10 Results
Cycling Mountain Bike (Cycling) 1 0 1 Results
Cycling Road (Cycling) 5 0 5 Results
Cycling Track (Cycling) 2 0 2 Results
Diving (Aquatics) 3 6 9 Results
Equestrian Eventing (Equestrian) 0 1 1 Results
Football (Football) 0 17 17 Results
Hockey 15 15 30 Results
Judo 4 1 5 Results
Rowing 2 4 6 Results
Sailing 8 0 8 Results
Shooting 14 1 15 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 9 10 19 Results
Tennis 5 3 8 Results
Triathlon 2 0 2 Results
Weightlifting 1 0 1 Results

Youth Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Athletics 2 3 5 Results
Cycling Road (Cycling) 3 1 4 Results
Equestrian Jumping (Equestrian) 0 2 2 Results
Football (Football) 15 0 15 Results
Rowing 1 1 2 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 1 1 2 Results
Triathlon 2 2 4 Results

Medals by Games

Edition Competition Type Gold Silver Bronze Total
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 3 0 4
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 1 3
1980 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 0 1

Medals by sport

Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Swimming 2 4 1 7
Hockey 1 0 0 1

Youth Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total

Most successful competitors

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Kirsty Coventry ZIM 2 4 1 7
Liz Chase ZIM 1 0 0 1
Sandy Chick ZIM 1 0 0 1
Gill Cowley ZIM 1 0 0 1
Trish Davies ZIM 1 0 0 1
Sarah English ZIM 1 0 0 1
Maureen George ZIM 1 0 0 1
Ann Grant ZIM 1 0 0 1
Sue Huggett ZIM 1 0 0 1
Pat McKillop ZIM 1 0 0 1
Brenda Phillips ZIM 1 0 0 1
Chris Prinsloo ZIM 1 0 0 1
Sonia Robertson ZIM 1 0 0 1
Anthea Stewart ZIM 1 0 0 1
Helen Volk ZIM 1 0 0 1
Linda Watson ZIM 1 0 0 1

Youth Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Yara Hanssen ZIM 0 0 1 1

IOC Members

Tommy Sithole 1996—2003
Kirsty Coventry 2012—