|Dates||20 – 24 September 1988|
The 1988 Olympic cycling program saw another event added for women, the match sprint on the track, which was added to the road race that had its Olympic début in 1984. All the track events were conducted at the Olympic Velodrome. The men’s program was the same as in 1984 with five events – kilometre time trial, match sprint, individual pursuit, team pursuit, and points race. The Olympic Velodrome was outdoors, with a wooden track of 333.33 metres, with 38° banked curves, and 10° banked straights.
Soviet Estonian Erika Salumäe won the first women’s track cycling gold medal, taking the match sprint. The favorite in the event, she would repeat as champion in 1992, and won 10 gold medals at the World Championships during her career. The Soviets won four of the six track cycling events, although Denmark’s Dan Frost won the points race, and East German Lutz Heßlich won the match sprint, repeating as champion after his 1980 gold. Heßlich did not compete in 1984 because of the Soviet-led boycott though he would likely have been favored.
|Sprint, Men||Olympic||21 – 24 September 1988||25||25|
|1,000 metres Time Trial, Men||Olympic||20 September 1988||30||30|
|Individual Pursuit, 4,000 metres, Men||Olympic||20 – 22 September 1988||22||22|
|Team Pursuit, 4,000 metres, Men||Olympic||23 – 24 September 1988||82||19|
|Points Race, Men||Olympic||21 – 24 September 1988||34||34|
|Sprint, Women||Olympic||21 – 24 September 1988||12||12|
|171 (159/12)||45 (44/12)|
|Sprint, Men||Lutz Heßlich||GDR||Nikolay Kovsh||URS||Gary Neiwand||AUS|
|1,000 metres Time Trial, Men||Aleksandr Kirichenko||URS||Martin Vinnicombe||AUS||Robert Lechner||FRG|
|Individual Pursuit, 4,000 metres, Men||Gintautas Umaras||URS||Dean Woods||AUS||Bernd Dittert||GDR|
|Team Pursuit, 4,000 metres, Men||Soviet Union||URS||East Germany||GDR||Australia||AUS|
|Points Race, Men||Dan Frost||DEN||Leo Peelen||NED||Marat Ganeyev||URS|
|Sprint, Women||Erika Salumäe||URS||Christa Rothenburger||GDR||Connie Paraskevin-Young||USA|