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Alessandro Pirzio Biroli

Biographical information

Medals OG
Gold 0
Silver 1
Bronze 0
Total 1
TypeCompeted in Olympic Games
Full nameAlessandro•Pirzio Biroli
Used nameAlessandro•Pirzio Biroli
Born23 July 1877 in Bologna, Bologna (ITA)
Died20 May 1962 in Roma, Roma (ITA)
NOC Italy


Alessandro Pirzio Biroli was an Italian Army General and fencer. At the 1908 London Olympics he won a silver medal in the team sabre behind Hungary. After World War I he became the commanding officer for the Bersaglieri Regiment and between 1921-27 headed a military mission to Ecuador. He was also commander of the Monte Nero Division and led the Italian 5th Trieste Corps. From 1936-37 he was Chief of Staff in the Eritrean Corps in the Second Italo-Abyssinian war.

With Fascist sympathies, Pirzio Biroli was made General of the Italian 9th Army in 1941 and was Governor of Montenegro from 1941-43, holding complete civil and military powers. Pirzio Biroli was personally responsible for numerous executions and the mass terror of Montenegro’s population. Despite being considered a war criminal by the United Nations, he was never tried and spent his last years in Roma where he died in 1962 at 84-years-old.


Games Discipline (Sport) / Event NOC / Team Pos Medal As
1908 Summer Olympics Fencing ITA Alessandro Pirzio Biroli
Épée, Individual, Men (Olympic) =5 p8 r1/4
Sabre, Individual, Men (Olympic) =4 p7 r2/4
Sabre, Team, Men (Olympic) Italy 2 Silver


Year of birth also seen as 1887.