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Rica Reinisch

Biographical information

Medals OG
Gold 3
Silver 0
Bronze 0
Total 3
TypeCompeted in Olympic Games
SexFemale
Full nameRica•Reinisch (-Assmann, -Neumann)
Used nameRica•Reinisch
Born6 April 1965 in Seifhennersdorf, Sachsen (GER)
Measurements178 cm / 66 kg
AffiliationsSC Einheit Dresden, Dresden (GER)
NOC East Germany

Biography

Rica Reinisch started to swim at the early age of 8. At the 1980 Olympic Games she won three gold medals and was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame nine years later. In 1982 she collapsed at a training camp in the Ukraine as a result of an inflammation of the ovaries and had to give up competitive swimming.

Reinisch later married her teammate Olaf Assmann, and in her second marriage a canoeist named Neumann. She later moved to Aachen, managed a public relation agency and raised two children, having had two abortive births – possibly related to her earlier doping history. Briefly she became marketing director at football (soccer) club Alemannia Aachen. Like many other GDR swimmers she was systematically doped by her coaches as instructed by GDR State Security, the Stasi. Unlike many of her teammates she testified against sports officials such as Manfred Ewald (former president of the East German NOC) and Manfred Höppner (former head of the GDR Sports Medicine Service) in their 2000 trial.

Results

Games Discipline (Sport) / Event NOC / Team Pos Medal As
1980 Summer Olympics Swimming (Aquatics) GDR Rica Reinisch
100 metres Backstroke, Women (Olympic) 1 Gold
200 metres Backstroke, Women (Olympic) 1 Gold
4 × 100 metres Medley Relay, Women (Olympic) East Germany 1 Gold

Olympic Records

Records may have been broken subsequently during the same competition.
Games Date Sport Event Phase Mark Pos
1980 Summer Olympics 20 July 1980 Swimming (Aquatics) 100 metres Backstroke, Women Final 1:01.51 WR 1
1980 Summer Olympics 20 July 1980 Swimming (Aquatics) 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay, Women Final 4:06.67 WR 1
1980 Summer Olympics 22 July 1980 Swimming (Aquatics) 100 metres Backstroke, Women Round One, Heat Four 1:01.50 WR 1
1980 Summer Olympics 23 July 1980 Swimming (Aquatics) 100 metres Backstroke, Women Final 1:00.86 WR 1
1980 Summer Olympics 27 July 1980 Swimming (Aquatics) 200 metres Backstroke, Women Round One, Heat Two 2:13.00 1
1980 Summer Olympics 27 July 1980 Swimming (Aquatics) 200 metres Backstroke, Women Final 2:11.77 WR 1

Special Notes