The National Olympic Committee (NOC) of Saar was formed on 12 January 1950. On 5 May 1952 at the International Olympic Committee (IOC) Session in København, the Saar Protectorate was recognized as a separate NOC by the IOC and competed at the Helsinki Olympics, represented by 36 athletes but winning no medals.
Saar could not compete as a separate team at the 1956 Olympics after a referendum saw the Saar Protectorate vote against autonomy from Germany in October 1955. Saar athletes were absorbed by the combined German teams and the Saar Olympic Committee was dissolved on 20 September 1956 and merged into the National Olympic Committee of Germany in February 1957. The Saar was reunited with the Federal Republic of Germany on 1 January 1957.
In 1952, its best finishes were two ninth places: by Kurt Schirra, in the men’s featherweight boxing, and by Therese Zenz in women’s kayak singles canoeing. Zenz later went on to win three silver medals for West Germany.