Rowing at the 1904 Summer Olympics

Dates 29 – 30 July 1904
Medal Events 5
Non-medal Events 7

The 1904 rowing events were held at Creve Coeur Lake. They were contested on 29 and 30 July 1904 as part of the Olympic Games. The bulk of the entrants were from the United States, although the Toronto Argonaut Club did send an eight-oar crew which competed in the Olympic senior eight-oared shells. The events doubled as the United States Championships of the National Association of Amateur Oarsmen (NAAO).

Multiple ancillary events in addition to the Olympic events were contested such as association single sculls, intermediate eight-oared shells, intermediate single sculls and intermediate coxed pairs. The Americans dominated, with the only foreign competitor in the events that are usually considered of Olympic caliber having been the Toronto Argonauts’ coxed eight. There were other entrants from Canada as well as from Germany in the ancillary events. These cannot be considered Olympic caliber because they were essentially restricted events for rowers of lesser skill.

The single sculls event had the potential to be a great event for the time, as the world’s top two amateur scullers, James Ten Eyck (USA) and Louis Scholes (CAN) both entered. Scholes had won the Diamond Sculls at Henley earlier in the year but neither he nor the American champion Ten Eyck participated.

Creve Couer Lake still exists today. In 1995, during the filming of some television shows concerning Olympic history, I (Mallon) had the opportunity to spend part of an afternoon there. It is still the training grounds of several of the St. Louis rowing clubs. When I told one of the local fisherman that the 1904 Olympic rowing events had been contested here, his comment was that of incredulity, “This place? It’s just a mud hole.” Perhaps. But for two days in 1904, it was a very famous mud hole.

All the races were over 1½ miles (2,414.02 metres). The schedules say that the fours and eights were held straightaway, while the pairs, and both sculls rowed out 3/4 mile (1,207.01 metres), turned and then rowed back over the same course. However, if one sees the Creve Coeur Lake in person (as Mallon has), the lake is simply not long enough for a 1½ mile straightaway course, so there had to be a turn for all events. It is possible that a straight course was scheduled but it is much more likely that there were turns for all events.


Event Status Date Participants NOCs
Single Sculls, Men Olympic 30 July 1904 4 1
Double Sculls, Men Olympic 30 July 1904 6 1
Coxless Pairs, Men Olympic 29 July 1904 6 1
Coxless Fours, Men Olympic 29 July 1904 12 1
Eights, Men Olympic 30 July 1904 18 2
44 (44/0) 2 (2/0)

Non-medal events

Event Status Date Participants NOCs
Coxless Fours, International, Men Olympic (non-medal) 30 July 1904 8 1
Single Sculls, Intermediate, Men Olympic (non-medal) 29 – 30 July 1904 7 2
Single Sculls, Association, Men Olympic (non-medal) 29 – 30 July 1904 8 2
Double Sculls, Intermediate, Men Olympic (non-medal) 30 July 1904 6 1
Coxless Pairs, Intermediate, Men Olympic (non-medal) 29 July 1904 8 1
Coxless Fours, Intermediate, Men Olympic (non-medal) 30 July 1904 12 1
Eights, Intermediate, Men Olympic (non-medal) 29 July 1904 18 1
45 (45/0) 3 (3/0)


Event Gold Silver Bronze
Single Sculls, Men Frank GreerUSA Jim JuvenalUSA Constance TitusUSA
Double Sculls, Men Atalanta Boat ClubUSA Ravenswood Boat ClubUSA Independent Rowing ClubUSA
Coxless Pairs, Men Seawanhaka Boat ClubUSA Atalanta Boat ClubUSA Western Rowing ClubUSA
Coxless Fours, Men Century Boat ClubUSA Mound City Rowing ClubUSA Western Rowing ClubUSA
Eights, Men Vesper Boat ClubUSA Toronto ArgonautsCAN

Medal table

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
United States USA 5 4 4 13
Canada CAN 0 1 0 1