Because of the difficulties in training dressage horses during the war years, the FEI reduced the length of the program to 13 minutes and did not ask for passage and piaffe. The number of judges was also reduced from five to three. Riding Hummer, Captain Hans Moser of Switzerland won this gold medal by a comfortable margin. Moser had competed at Berlin in 1936 in both dressage and the three-day event. He led France’s Colonel André Jousseaumé, riding Harpagon, by 12.5 points in London. Jousseaumé would compete in five Olympics, from 1932-56, always in dressage, although he also competed in three-day in London, and he would win five Olympic medals in his career, with two golds in team dressage in 1932 and 1948. The bronze medal went to Swedish Captain Gustaf Adolf Boltenstern, Jr. aboard Trumf, who also competed at the Olympics from 1932-56, although he missed Berlin. Boltenstern won four Olympic medals, and golds in team dressage in 1952-56. His father had competed in dressage at the Olympics in 1912 and 1920.