|NOC||Comité National Olympique Gabonais|
|Youth Olympic Games||9|
Gabon formed a National Olympic Committee (NOC) on 9 February 1965. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) postponed recognition three times before they granted provisional recognition on 9 May 1967, at the IOC session in Teheran. After the statutes were modified, the NOC was fully recognized by the IOC at a meeting on 28 December 1967, but Gabon did not compete at the Olympics until 1972.
Gabon has since competed at 10 Olympic Games, those of 1972, and from 1984 onwards. It has never had an athlete to compete at the Olympic Winter Games. Gabon athletes have competed in six sports – track & field athletics, boxing, football, judo, swimming, and taekwondo.
|1972 Summer Olympics||Gabon||1||0||1||Results|
|1984 Summer Olympics||Gabon||2||2||4||Results|
|1988 Summer Olympics||Gabon||1||1||2||Results|
|1992 Summer Olympics||Gabon||4||1||5||Results|
|1996 Summer Olympics||Gabon||6||1||7||Results|
|2000 Summer Olympics||Gabon||3||2||5||Results|
|2004 Summer Olympics||Gabon||3||2||5||Results|
|2008 Summer Olympics||Gabon||2||2||4||Results|
|2012 Summer Olympics||Gabon||19||2||21||Results|
|2016 Summer Olympics||Gabon||4||2||6||Results|
|2020 Summer Olympics||Gabon||3||2||5||Results|
|2010 Summer Youth Olympics||Gabon||1||1||2||Results|
|2014 Summer Youth Olympics||Gabon||1||2||3||Results|
|2018 Summer Youth Olympics||Gabon||2||2||4||Results|
|2012 Summer Olympics||Olympic Games||0||1||0||1|
Includes medals won as part of mixed teams.