Judo

Facts

Discipline of Judo
Participants 2723
NOCs 180
Competitions held 137 (Venues)
Distinct events 24
IF International Judo Federation

Description

The founder of judo, Dr. Jigaro Kano, was a long-time member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Judo is a form of wrestling that was developed by Dr. Kano from the ancient Japanese schools of yawara and jujitsu. He founded his first dojo (judo school) in 1882, termed the Kodokan. The contestants are termed judoka and are classified into grades consisting of pupils (Kyu) and degrees (Dan). There are five classes of Kyu, advancing to first Kyu, and wearing a brown belt. Thereafter, the judoka achieve a Dan, beginning with first Dan (black belt) and advancing theoretically to 12th Dan (white belt). Fighting ability and technical knowledge advance a judoka to fifth Dan, after which advancement depends on service to the sport. Leading international judoka are usually fourth or fifth Dan. The 11th and 12th Dan have never been awarded.

Judo made its first Olympic appearance in 1964, but was not included on the program of the 1968 Olympic Games. Judo returned to the Olympic fold in 1972 and the 1992 Olympics included judo events for women for the first time. The sport, not surprisingly, has been dominated by the Japanese, followed by the Soviet Union, with the Koreans also winning many medals. The sport is governed internationally by the International Judo Federation (IJF), which was formed on 11 July 1951 in London, with eight founding members: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Netherlands, and Switzerland. As of 2018 the IJF has 204 members.

The top Olympic judo medalists have been Ryoko Tamura-Tani (JPN), with five, and Cuba’s Driulys González and Angelo Parisi, who represented both France and Great Britain, with four. Tadahiro Nomura is the only judoka to win three Olympic gold medals, while 10 judo players have won two gold medals.

Presidents of the International Judo Federation:

All-time medal table

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
Japan JPN 39 19 26 84
France FRA 14 10 25 49
Republic of Korea KOR 11 16 16 43
People's Republic of China CHN 8 3 11 22
Cuba CUB 6 14 16 36
Soviet Union URS 5 5 13 23
Russian Federation RUS 5 4 7 16
Italy ITA 4 4 7 15
Brazil BRA 4 3 15 22
Netherlands NED 4 2 17 23
Germany GER 3 3 14 20
Poland POL 3 3 2 8
Georgia GEO 3 2 3 8
Spain ESP 3 1 2 6
United States USA 2 4 8 14
Democratic People's Republic of Korea PRK 2 2 4 8
Austria AUT 2 2 1 5
Belgium BEL 2 1 9 12
Slovenia SLO 2 0 3 5
Unified Team EUN 2 0 2 4
West Germany FRG 1 4 3 8
Hungary HUN 1 3 5 9
Mongolia MGL 1 3 4 8
East Germany GDR 1 2 6 9
Romania ROU 1 2 3 6
Azerbaijan AZE 1 2 1 4
Switzerland SUI 1 1 2 4
Argentina ARG 1 0 1 2
Belarus BLR 1 0 1 2
Greece GRE 1 0 1 2
Turkey TUR 1 0 1 2
Czech Republic CZE 1 0 0 1
Kosovo KOS 1 0 0 1
Great Britain GBR 0 8 11 19
Uzbekistan UZB 0 2 4 6
Canada CAN 0 2 3 5
Kazakhstan KAZ 0 2 1 3
Israel ISR 0 1 4 5
Bulgaria BUL 0 1 2 3
Ukraine UKR 0 1 2 3
Algeria ALG 0 1 1 2
Colombia COL 0 1 1 2
Egypt EGY 0 1 1 2
Slovakia SVK 0 1 0 1
Estonia EST 0 0 3 3
Australia AUS 0 0 2 2
Portugal POR 0 0 2 2
Yugoslavia YUG 0 0 2 2
Czechoslovakia TCH 0 0 1 1
Iceland ISL 0 0 1 1
Kyrgyzstan KGZ 0 0 1 1
Latvia LAT 0 0 1 1
Tajikistan TJK 0 0 1 1
United Arab Emirates UAE 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Tadahiro Nomura JPN 3 0 0 3
Ryoko Tamura-Tani JPN 2 2 1 5
David Douillet FRA 2 0 1 3
Teddy Riner FRA 2 0 1 3
Waldemar Legień POL 2 0 0 2
Wim Ruska NED 2 0 0 2
Hitoshi Saito JPN 2 0 0 2
Peter Seisenbacher AUT 2 0 0 2
Masae Ueno JPN 2 0 0 2
Xian Dongmei CHN 2 0 0 2
Ayumi Tanimoto JPN 2 0 0 2
Masato Uchishiba JPN 2 0 0 2
Kayla Harrison USA 2 0 0 2

Event types

Name Gender Still contested? Times held?
Extra-Lightweight Men 10
Half-Lightweight Men 10
Lightweight Men 13
Half-Middleweight Men 12
Middleweight Men 13
Half-Heavyweight Men 12
Heavyweight Men 13
Extra-Lightweight Women 8
Half-Lightweight Women 8
Lightweight Women 8
Half-Middleweight Women 8
Middleweight Women 8
Half-Heavyweight Women 8
Heavyweight Women 8
≤55 kilograms Boys 2
≤66 kilograms Boys 2
≤81 kilograms Boys 2
≤100 kilograms Boys 2
≤44 kilograms Girls 2
≤52 kilograms Girls 2
≤63 kilograms Girls 2
≤78 kilograms Girls 2
Team Mixed Youth 2
Open Class Men 5