Türkiye (TUR)

Overview

NOCTürkiye Millî Olimpiyat Komitesi
Flagbearers84

Participants

Olympic Games 889
Intercalated Games 1
Youth Olympic Games 183

Description

Türkiye was first represented at the Intercalated Olympic Games of 1906 when an Armenian student, Vahran Papazyan, at Robert College in Constantinople (now İstanbul) competed in the 800 and 1,500 metre track events. Also Zareck Couyoumdzian, a member of the Smyrna football team, was of Armenian ethnicity and was considered a Turkish participant. Several Greek competitors living in cities that belonged to the Ottoman Empire (as Türkiye was then known), also competed in these Games, but these can hardly be considered Turkish.

It is often claimed that during a visit to Türkiye in 1907, Pierre de Coubertin invited his guide, Aleko Mulos Bey, to take part in the gymnastic events at the 1908 Olympics, and for many years we felt that there was little evidence that Mulos Bey actually competed. However, we have recently found the complete results of the 1908 individual gymnastics and Mulos Bey definitely did compete, making him the first ethnic Turk at the Olympic Games.

There again were two Turkish entrants at the 1912 Olympics (again, both ethnic Armenians), and Türkiye sent its first serious team in 1924, when they entered a 22-man squad to the Paris Olympics. Since then, it has missed only the Games of 1932 and 1980.

Türkiye has won 103 Olympic medals, with 41 golds, all at the Summer Olympics. Turkish wrestlers account for an outstanding 66 of these, with 29 wrestling gold medals. Its most notable competitors, however, have been weightlifters: both Halil Mutlu and Naim Süleymanoğlu won three gold medals in that sport. Three other Turkish athletes have each won a pair of gold medals, all wrestlers: Mithat Bayrak, Mustafa Dağıstanlı and Hamza Yerlikaya.

Türkiye first competed at the Olympic Winter Games in 1936 and has since missed only the Winter Games of 1952, 1972, and 1980, appearing 18 times. Through 2022, Türkiye has had Winter Olympians compete in Alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, figure skating, short-track speed skating, and ski jumping.

Türkiye has not won a medal at the Olympic Winter Games, with its best finish being a 6th position, by their first ever short-track speedskater, Furkan Akar, in the 2022 men’s 1,000 metres event. Three Turkish Winter Olympians have competed at four Games – Muzaffer Demirhan, in men’s Alpine skiing in 1948, 1956, 1960, and 1964; and Kelime Aydın-Çetinkaya and Sabahattin Oğlago, in women’s cross-country skiing, both in 2002, 2006, 2010, and 2014.

Türkiye has bid to host the Olympic Games four times, with Istanbul unsuccessfully bidding for the 2000, 2004, 2008, and 2020 Olympics. In 1972 the Olympic Committee of Türkiye was awarded with the Olympic Cup. For many years, the name of the country was Turkey but it was officially changed to Türkiye in 2022.

Participations by edition

Olympic Games

Edition As Men Women Total
1908 Summer Olympics Turkey 1 0 1 Results
1912 Summer Olympics Ottoman Empire 2 0 2 Results
1924 Summer Olympics Turkey 22 0 22 Results
1928 Summer Olympics Turkey 31 0 31 Results
1932 Summer Olympics Turkey 1 0 1 Results
1936 Summer Olympics Turkey 46 2 48 Results
1936 Winter Olympics Turkey 6 0 6 Results
1948 Summer Olympics Turkey 57 1 58 Results
1948 Winter Olympics Turkey 4 0 4 Results
1952 Summer Olympics Turkey 51 0 51 Results
1956 Summer Olympics Turkey 13 0 13 Results
1956 Winter Olympics Turkey 4 0 4 Results
1956 Equestrian Olympics Turkey 6 0 6 Results
1960 Summer Olympics Turkey 46 3 49 Results
1960 Winter Olympics Turkey 2 0 2 Results
1964 Summer Olympics Turkey 23 0 23 Results
1964 Winter Olympics Turkey 5 0 5 Results
1968 Summer Olympics Turkey 29 0 29 Results
1968 Winter Olympics Turkey 11 0 11 Results
1972 Summer Olympics Turkey 42 1 43 Results
1976 Summer Olympics Turkey 26 1 27 Results
1976 Winter Olympics Turkey 9 0 9 Results
1984 Summer Olympics Turkey 45 1 46 Results
1984 Winter Olympics Turkey 7 0 7 Results
1988 Summer Olympics Turkey 36 5 41 Results
1988 Winter Olympics Turkey 8 0 8 Results
1992 Summer Olympics Turkey 36 5 41 Results
1992 Winter Olympics Turkey 8 0 8 Results
1994 Winter Olympics Turkey 1 0 1 Results
1996 Summer Olympics Turkey 44 9 53 Results
1998 Winter Olympics Turkey 1 0 1 Results
2000 Summer Olympics Turkey 42 15 57 Results
2002 Winter Olympics Turkey 2 1 3 Results
2004 Summer Olympics Turkey 44 20 64 Results
2006 Winter Olympics Turkey 3 3 6 Results
2008 Summer Olympics Turkey 48 19 67 Results
2010 Winter Olympics Turkey 2 3 5 Results
2012 Summer Olympics Turkey 48 64 112 Results
2014 Winter Olympics Turkey 3 3 6 Results
2016 Summer Olympics Turkey 53 47 100 Results
2018 Winter Olympics Turkey 5 3 8 Results
2020 Summer Olympics Turkey 56 49 105 Results
2022 Winter Olympics Turkey 4 3 7 Results

Intercalated Games

Edition As Men Women Total
1906 Intercalated Games Ottoman Empire 1 0 1 Results

Youth Olympic Games

Edition As Men Women Total
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Turkey 26 29 55 Results
2012 Winter Youth Olympics Turkey 3 1 4 Results
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Turkey 21 21 42 Results
2016 Winter Youth Olympics Turkey 7 5 12 Results
2018 Summer Youth Olympics Turkey 26 30 56 Results
2020 Winter Youth Olympics Turkey 7 7 14 Results

Participations by discipline

Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 37 3 40 Results
Archery 11 10 21 Results
Art Competitions 2 0 2 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 5 3 8 Results
Athletics 87 53 140 Results
Badminton 0 2 2 Results
Basketball (Basketball) 19 17 36 Results
Boxing 63 3 66 Results
Canoe Sprint (Canoeing) 0 1 1 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 25 3 28 Results
Cycling Mountain Bike (Cycling) 1 0 1 Results
Cycling Road (Cycling) 17 0 17 Results
Cycling Track (Cycling) 5 0 5 Results
Diving (Aquatics) 1 1 2 Results
Equestrian Eventing (Equestrian) 8 0 8 Results
Equestrian Jumping (Equestrian) 12 0 12 Results
Fencing 19 4 23 Results
Figure Skating (Skating) 1 2 3 Results
Football (Football) 62 0 62 Results
Judo 19 9 28 Results
Karate 3 4 7 Results
Modern Pentathlon 0 1 1 Results
Rowing 4 0 4 Results
Sailing 27 8 35 Results
Shooting 16 4 20 Results
Short Track Speed Skating (Skating) 1 0 1 Results
Ski Jumping (Skiing) 1 0 1 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 32 17 49 Results
Table Tennis 3 1 4 Results
Taekwondo 3 8 11 Results
Tennis 0 1 1 Results
Volleyball (Volleyball) 0 21 21 Results
Weightlifting 38 10 48 Results
Wrestling 181 6 187 Results

Intercalated Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Athletics 1 0 1 Results

Youth Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
3-on-3 Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 2 1 3 Results
3x3 Basketball (Basketball) 4 0 4 Results
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 3 3 6 Results
Archery 3 3 6 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 2 3 5 Results
Athletics 21 11 32 Results
Badminton 2 3 5 Results
Beach Handball 0 9 9 Results
Beach Volleyball (Volleyball) 0 2 2 Results
Biathlon 1 1 2 Results
Boxing 5 2 7 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 3 3 6 Results
Curling 4 4 8 Results
Fencing 1 2 3 Results
Football (Football) 0 18 18 Results
Judo 3 3 6 Results
Karate 1 1 2 Results
Luge 1 1 2 Results
Mixed Sports 1 1 2 Results
Modern Pentathlon 1 2 3 Results
Rowing 6 1 7 Results
Sailing 1 3 4 Results
Shooting 2 0 2 Results
Ski Jumping (Skiing) 2 0 2 Results
Snowboarding (Skiing) 1 0 1 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 5 5 10 Results
Taekwondo 2 5 7 Results
Tennis 1 0 1 Results
Weightlifting 5 5 10 Results
Wrestling 8 2 10 Results

Medals by Games

Edition Competition Type Gold Silver Bronze Total
1960 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 7 2 0 9
1948 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 6 4 2 12
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 4 1 1 6
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 3 4 10
1956 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 2 2 7
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 0 2 5
1964 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 3 1 6
2020 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 2 9 13
2018 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 2 2 7 11
1992 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 2 2 6
1952 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 0 1 3
1968 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 0 0 2
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 1 3 6 10
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 1 3 6 10
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 3 4 8
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 3 5
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 1 3
1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 0 2
1936 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 1 2
1972 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 0 1
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 3 3

Medals by sport

Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Wrestling 29 18 19 66
Weightlifting 8 1 2 11
Taekwondo 1 3 5 9
Boxing 1 3 3 7
Judo 1 0 1 2
Archery 1 0 0 1
Karate 0 1 3 4
Athletics 0 0 2 2
Artistic Gymnastics 0 0 1 1

Youth Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Weightlifting 2 1 2 5
Wrestling 1 4 3 8
Judo 1 0 2 3
Boxing 0 1 3 4
Taekwondo 0 1 3 4
Artistic Gymnastics 0 1 0 1
Athletics 0 0 3 3
Football 0 0 1 1
Karate 0 0 1 1
Rowing 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Includes medals won as part of mixed teams.

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Halil Mutlu TUR 3 0 0 3
Naim Süleymanoğlu TUR 3 0 0 3
Mithat Bayrak TUR 2 0 0 2
Mustafa Dağıstanlı TUR 2 0 0 2
Hamza Yerlikaya TUR 2 0 0 2
Hamit Kaplan TUR 1 1 1 3
Ahmet Ayık TUR 1 1 0 2
Hasan Güngör TUR 1 1 0 2
İsmail Oğan TUR 1 1 0 2
Ahmet Kireççi TUR 1 0 1 2
Mehmet Akif Pirim TUR 1 0 1 2
Servet Tazegül TUR 1 0 1 2
Taha Akgül TUR 1 0 1 2

Youth Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Resul Kalaycı TUR 1 0 0 1
Melisa Çakmaklı TUR 1 0 0 1
Muhammed Furkan Özbek TUR 1 0 0 1
Dilara Narin TUR 1 0 0 1
Ferhat Arıcan TUR 0 1 0 1
Burak Akşın TUR 0 1 0 1
Tevfik Burak Babaoğlu TUR 0 1 0 1
Musa Gedik TUR 0 1 0 1
Fatma Sarıdoğan TUR 0 1 0 1
Tuğba Kılıç TUR 0 1 0 1
Fatih Aslan TUR 0 1 0 1
Caner Toptaş TUR 0 1 0 1
Osman Ayaydın TUR 0 1 0 1

IOC Members

Selim Tarcan 1908—1930
Kemalettin Sami 1930—1932
Reşit Atabinen 1933—1952
Suat Erler 1955—1984
Turgut Atakol 1984—1988
Sinan Erdem 1988—2003
Uğur Erdener 2008—2018
Uğur Erdener 2018—