Archery

Facts

Discipline of Archery
Participants 1113
NOCs 98
Competitions held 67 (Venues)
Distinct events 46
IF World Archery Federation

Description

Archery is one of the oldest known sports. Use of the bow and arrow for hunting can be traced back to the Aurignacians, a race of people existing 15,000 years ago. By the 14th century, archers were found to be valuable as soldiers and the English kings made archery practice mandatory for the British soldiers. Archery as a sport became popular in the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1676, the first organized group, the Royal Company of Archers, was formed in England for the purpose of advancing the sport. This was followed in 1781 by the Royal Toxophilite Society. The first British championships were conducted in 1844.

Archery is governed worldwide by the Fédération Internationale de Tir à l’Arc (FITA) (also now known as the International Archery Federation), that was founded on 4 September 1931, in Lwów, Poland (today Lviv, Ukraine), with seven founding members: France, Czechoslovakia, Sweden, Poland, the United States, Hungary, and Italy. On 3 July 2011 the organization changed its name to World Archery Federation (WA). Through 2018, 162 national federations were members of WA. Archery was first held as a sport in the 1900 Paris Olympics and again in 1904, 1908, and 1920, but then left the Olympic Program. In those years it was possible for an athlete to compete in multiple events and win several medals. The top Olympic medal winner is Hubert Van Innis of Belgium, who competed in the 1900 and 1920 Olympics, winning 10 medals, six of them gold.

When the sport was returned to the Olympics in 1972, there was only one event for men and one for women. In 1988, team events for men and women were added to the program. Also, in 1988, the individual formats were changed. Previously (1972-84), men and women shot a Double FITA Round (288 arrows at various distances). Now, qualifying is contested over a 72 arrows, and the archers and teams then engage in single-elimination matches until a champion is crowned. The sport is currently dominated by Korea (South), especially among the women.

All-time medal table

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
Republic of Korea KOR 23 9 7 39
United States USA 14 10 9 33
Belgium BEL 11 7 3 21
France FRA 7 11 7 25
Great Britain GBR 2 2 5 9
Italy ITA 2 2 3 7
People's Republic of China CHN 1 6 2 9
Soviet Union URS 1 3 3 7
Finland FIN 1 1 2 4
Ukraine UKR 1 1 2 4
Australia AUS 1 0 2 3
Netherlands NED 1 0 1 2
Spain ESP 1 0 0 1
Japan JPN 0 3 2 5
Germany GER 0 2 1 3
Sweden SWE 0 2 0 2
Chinese Taipei TPE 0 1 2 3
Mexico MEX 0 1 1 2
Poland POL 0 1 1 2
Russian Federation RUS 0 1 1 2
Indonesia INA 0 1 0 1
Unified Team EUN 0 0 2 2

Most successful competitors

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Hubert Van Innis BEL 6 4 0 10
Kim Su-Nyeong KOR 4 1 1 6
Park Seong-Hyeon KOR 3 1 0 4
Ki Bo-Bae KOR 3 0 1 4
Edmond Cloetens BEL 3 0 0 3
Edmond Van Moer BEL 3 0 0 3
Lida Howell USA 3 0 0 3
Yun Mi-Jin KOR 3 0 0 3
Louis Van De Perck BEL 2 2 0 4
Alphonse Allaert BEL 2 1 0 3
Edmond De Knibber BEL 2 1 0 3
Jérôme De Mayer BEL 2 1 0 3
Louis Delcon BEL 2 1 0 3
Louis Fierens BEL 2 1 0 3
Louis Van Beeck BEL 2 1 0 3
Pierre Van Thielt BEL 2 1 0 3
Jang Yong-Ho KOR 2 1 0 3
Darrell Pace USA 2 1 0 3
Lee Seong-Jin KOR 2 1 0 3
Marco Galiazzo ITA 2 1 0 3
Park Gyeong-Mo KOR 2 1 0 3

Event types

Name Gender Still contested? Times held?
Individual Men 13
Team Men 8
Individual Women 12
Team Women 8
Individual Boys 2
Individual Girls 2
Team Mixed Youth 2
Target Archery, 28 metres, Individual Men 1
Target Archery, 33 metres, Individual Men 1
Target Archery, 50 metres, Individual Men 1
Target Archery, 28 metres, Team Men 1
Target Archery, 33 metres, Team Men 1
Target Archery, 50 metres, Team Men 1
Pole Archery, Small Birds, Individual Men 1
Pole Archery, Large Birds, Individual Men 1
Pole Archery, Small Birds, Team Men 1
Pole Archery, Large Birds, Team Men 1
Au Chapelet, 33 metres Men 1
Au Chapelet, 50 metres Men 1
Au Cordon Doré, 33 metres Men 1
Au Cordon Doré, 50 metres Men 1
Sur La Perche À La Herse Men 1
Sur La Perche À La Pyramide Men 1
Championnat Du Monde Men 1
Double American Round Men 1
Double York Round Men 2
Continental Style Men 1
Team Round Men 1
Unknown Event Men 1
Au Chapelet - 33 metres, Team Men 1
Au Chapelet - 50 metres, Team Men 1
Au Cordon Doré - 33 metres, Team Men 1
Au Cordon Doré - 50 metres, Team Men 1
French Championship, Individual Men 1
French Championship, Team Men 1
Crossbows, Large Arrows - 35 metres, Individual Men 1
Crossbows, Large Arrows - 35 metres, Team Men 1
Crossbows, Arrows - 28 metres, Individual Men 1
Crossbows, Arrows - 28 metres, Team Men 1
Crossbows, Small Arrows - 20 metres, Individual Men 1
Crossbows, French Championship Men 1
Flight Shooting Men 1
Double Columbia Round Women 1
Double National Round Women 2
Team Round Women 1
Flight Shooting Women 1