Japan

Overview

NOCJapanese Olympic Committee
Flagbearers81

Participants

Olympic Games 4136
Youth Olympic Games 277

Description

Japan first competed at the 1912 Olympic Games, its delegation and Olympic Committee led by Dr. Jigoro Kano, the founder of judo. Japan has since failed to compete only at the Games of 1948, when, as an aggressor nation in World War II, it was not invited, and 1980, when it chose to boycott the Moscow Olympics. At the Olympic Winter Games, Japan first competed in 1928 and has since missed only 1948 when it also was not invited. Japan was the dominant country in men’s gymnastics from 1956 until the mid-1980s. In addition, at times it has been the top country in swimming and one of the top in wrestling and weightlifting. Its top Olympic medals winners have been male gymnasts, led by Takashi Ono with 13, Sawao Kato with 12, and Akinori Nakayama with 10. Japan has won 437 Olympic medals (139 gold medals), of which 37 (nine gold) have come at the Olympic Winter Games. Japan hosted the Games of the XVIIIth Olympiad in Tokyo in 1964, the 11th Olympic Winter Games in Sapporo in 1972, and the 18th Olympic Winter Games in Nagano in 1998. Prior to the outbreak of hostilities, Japan was also scheduled to host both editions of the 1940 Olympics; the Olympic Winter Games were scheduled for Sapporo, and the Games of the XIIth Olympiad were scheduled for Tokyo. Tokyo will again host the 2020 Olympic Games.

In 1964 the Olympic Committee of Japan was awarded with the Count Alberto Bonacossa Trophy and in 1991 it was awarded with the Olympic Cup.

Participations by edition

Edition Competition Type Men Women Total
1912 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 0 2 Results
1920 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 15 0 15 Results
1924 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 19 0 19 Results
1928 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 39 1 40 Results
1928 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 6 0 6 Results
1932 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 139 18 157 Results
1932 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 16 0 16 Results
1936 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 201 19 220 Results
1936 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 30 1 31 Results
1952 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 58 11 69 Results
1952 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 13 0 13 Results
1956 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 94 16 110 Results
1956 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 10 0 10 Results
1956 Equestrian Olympics Olympic Games 2 0 2 Results
1960 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 142 20 162 Results
1960 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 36 5 41 Results
1964 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 270 58 328 Results
1964 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 41 6 47 Results
1968 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 146 25 171 Results
1968 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 52 9 61 Results
1972 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 148 36 184 Results
1972 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 64 20 84 Results
1976 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 153 60 213 Results
1976 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 50 8 58 Results
1980 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 46 4 50 Results
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 174 52 226 Results
1984 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 32 7 39 Results
1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 186 69 255 Results
1988 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 37 11 48 Results
1992 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 175 81 256 Results
1992 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 40 20 60 Results
1994 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 43 16 59 Results
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 157 149 306 Results
1998 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 92 64 156 Results
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 156 110 266 Results
2002 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 59 44 103 Results
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 139 167 306 Results
2006 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 58 52 110 Results
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 167 165 332 Results
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 25 46 71 Results
2010 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 48 43 91 Results
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 136 155 291 Results
2012 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 16 14 30 Results
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 39 39 78 Results
2014 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 48 62 110 Results
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 171 164 335 Results
2016 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 15 14 29 Results
2018 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 49 70 119 Results
2020 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 27 42 69 Results

Participations by discipline

Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 43 15 58 Results
Archery 17 22 39 Results
Art Competitions 89 4 93 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 75 60 135 Results
Artistic Swimming (Aquatics) 0 45 45 Results
Athletics 349 125 474 Results
Badminton 17 35 52 Results
Baseball (Baseball/Softball) 99 0 99 Results
Basketball (Basketball) 53 45 98 Results
Beach Volleyball (Volleyball) 4 8 12 Results
Biathlon 31 16 47 Results
Bobsleigh (Bobsleigh) 35 3 38 Results
Boxing 71 0 71 Results
Canoe Slalom (Canoeing) 10 4 14 Results
Canoe Sprint (Canoeing) 27 16 43 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 57 22 79 Results
Curling 9 20 29 Results
Cycling BMX Racing (Cycling) 2 0 2 Results
Cycling Mountain Bike (Cycling) 4 4 8 Results
Cycling Road (Cycling) 28 8 36 Results
Cycling Track (Cycling) 59 8 67 Results
Diving (Aquatics) 22 18 40 Results
Equestrian Dressage (Equestrian) 10 5 15 Results
Equestrian Eventing (Equestrian) 29 0 29 Results
Equestrian Jumping (Equestrian) 32 2 34 Results
Fencing 48 29 77 Results
Figure Skating (Skating) 35 31 66 Results
Football (Football) 138 47 185 Results
Freestyle Skiing (Skiing) 22 14 36 Results
Golf 2 2 4 Results
Handball 46 12 58 Results
Hockey 53 40 93 Results
Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 99 46 145 Results
Judo 62 31 93 Results
Luge 19 13 32 Results
Modern Pentathlon 20 3 23 Results
Nordic Combined (Skiing) 47 0 47 Results
Rhythmic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 0 27 27 Results
Rowing 144 11 155 Results
Rugby Sevens (Rugby) 12 13 25 Results
Sailing 67 18 85 Results
Shooting 64 18 82 Results
Short Track Speed Skating (Skating) 21 20 41 Results
Skeleton (Bobsleigh) 6 3 9 Results
Ski Jumping (Skiing) 54 5 59 Results
Snowboarding (Skiing) 24 23 47 Results
Softball (Baseball/Softball) 0 43 43 Results
Speed Skating (Skating) 92 61 153 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 194 144 338 Results
Table Tennis 17 18 35 Results
Taekwondo 1 3 4 Results
Tennis 16 16 32 Results
Trampolining (Gymnastics) 5 4 9 Results
Triathlon 6 9 15 Results
Volleyball (Volleyball) 69 102 171 Results
Water Polo (Aquatics) 67 0 67 Results
Weightlifting 70 11 81 Results
Wrestling 172 9 181 Results

Youth Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
3-on-3 Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 4 5 9 Results
3x3 Basketball (Basketball) 0 4 4 Results
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 3 3 6 Results
Archery 2 2 4 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 2 2 4 Results
Athletics 14 14 28 Results
Badminton 2 3 5 Results
Biathlon 3 2 5 Results
Bobsleigh (Bobsleigh) 0 2 2 Results
Boxing 3 0 3 Results
Canoe Sprint (Canoeing) 0 1 1 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 3 4 7 Results
Curling 6 6 12 Results
Cycling Road (Cycling) 5 3 8 Results
Equestrian Jumping (Equestrian) 0 1 1 Results
Fencing 0 3 3 Results
Figure Skating (Skating) 6 5 11 Results
Freestyle Skiing (Skiing) 2 3 5 Results
Golf 1 1 2 Results
Hockey 5s 0 9 9 Results
Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 2 18 20 Results
Judo 2 2 4 Results
Luge 0 1 1 Results
Mixed Sports 4 2 6 Results
Nordic Combined (Skiing) 4 2 6 Results
Rhythmic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 0 5 5 Results
Rowing 0 2 2 Results
Rugby Sevens (Rugby) 12 0 12 Results
Sailing 2 2 4 Results
Shooting 1 0 1 Results
Short Track Speed Skating (Skating) 5 3 8 Results
Skeleton (Bobsleigh) 5 3 8 Results
Ski Jumping (Skiing) 6 5 11 Results
Snowboarding (Skiing) 6 5 11 Results
Speed Skating (Skating) 6 6 12 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 8 8 16 Results
Table Tennis 2 2 4 Results
Tennis 3 2 5 Results
Trampolining (Gymnastics) 1 2 3 Results
Triathlon 2 2 4 Results
Volleyball (Volleyball) 0 12 12 Results
Weightlifting 0 1 1 Results
Wrestling 2 2 4 Results

Medals by Games

Edition Competition Type Gold Silver Bronze Total
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 16 9 12 37
1964 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 16 5 8 29
1972 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 13 8 8 29
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 12 8 21 41
1968 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 11 7 7 25
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 10 8 14 32
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 9 8 8 25
2020 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 9 7 1 17
1976 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 9 6 10 25
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 8 5 3 16
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 7 14 17 38
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 7 9 5 21
1932 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 7 7 4 18
1936 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 6 4 10 20
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 5 8 5 18
1998 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 5 1 4 10
1956 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 4 10 5 19
1960 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 4 7 7 18
2018 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 4 5 4 13
1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 4 3 7 14
1992 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 8 11 22
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 6 5 14
2012 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 2 5 9 16
2016 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 2 4 0 6
1928 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 2 2 1 5
1952 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 6 2 9
2014 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 4 3 8
1992 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 2 4 7
1994 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 2 2 5
1972 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 1 3
2006 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 0 1
2010 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 3 2 5
1920 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 2 0 2
2002 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 1 2
1956 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 0 1
1980 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 0 1
1984 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 0 1
1924 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 1 1
1988 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 1 1

Medals by sport

Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Judo 39 19 26 84
Wrestling 32 21 16 69
Artistic Gymnastics 31 33 34 98
Swimming 22 26 32 80
Athletics 7 9 9 25
Speed Skating 4 7 10 21
Ski Jumping 3 5 4 12
Volleyball 3 3 3 9
Figure Skating 3 3 1 7
Weightlifting 2 3 9 14
Nordic Combined 2 3 0 5
Boxing 2 0 3 5
Shooting 1 2 3 6
Badminton 1 1 1 3
Softball 1 1 1 3
Freestyle Skiing 1 0 3 4
Short Track Speed Skating 1 0 2 3
Equestrian Jumping 1 0 0 1
Artistic Swimming 0 4 10 14
Archery 0 3 2 5
Snowboarding 0 3 1 4
Table Tennis 0 2 2 4
Tennis 0 2 1 3
Fencing 0 2 0 2
Cycling Track 0 1 3 4
Baseball 0 1 2 3
Football 0 1 1 2
Sailing 0 1 1 2
Alpine Skiing 0 1 0 1
Hockey 0 1 0 1
Art Competitions 0 0 2 2
Canoe Slalom 0 0 1 1
Curling 0 0 1 1
Taekwondo 0 0 1 1

Youth Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Snowboarding 5 3 1 9
Wrestling 4 0 0 4
Speed Skating 3 6 5 14
Judo 3 0 1 4
Athletics 2 6 1 9
Artistic Gymnastics 2 2 1 5
Table Tennis 2 2 0 4
Figure Skating 2 1 0 3
Ice Hockey 2 0 1 3
Ski Jumping 1 1 1 3
Swimming 1 0 1 2
Triathlon 1 0 0 1
Trampolining 0 1 2 3
Boxing 0 1 1 2
Nordic Combined 0 1 1 2
Short Track Speed Skating 0 1 1 2
Alpine Skiing 0 1 0 1
Badminton 0 1 0 1
Cross Country Skiing 0 1 0 1
Curling 0 1 0 1
Fencing 0 1 0 1
Tennis 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Sawao Kato JPN 8 3 1 12
Akinori Nakayama JPN 6 2 2 10
Takashi Ono JPN 5 4 4 13
Yukio Endo JPN 5 2 0 7
Mitsuo Tsukahara JPN 5 1 3 9
Kosuke Kitajima JPN 4 1 2 7
Kaori Icho JPN 4 0 0 4
Kohei Uchimura JPN 3 4 0 7
Eizo Kenmotsu JPN 3 3 3 9
Saori Yoshida JPN 3 1 0 4

Youth Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Motonaga Arito JPN 2 1 0 3
Koki Niwa JPN 2 0 0 2
Miku Tashiro JPN 2 0 0 2
Yuma Kagiyama JPN 1 1 0 2
Reina Sato JPN 1 1 0 2
Yuya Kamoto JPN 1 1 0 2
Karin Miyawaki JPN 1 1 0 2
Kenya Yuasa JPN 1 1 0 2
Yukino Yoshida JPN 1 0 1 2
Hifumi Abe JPN 1 0 1 2

IOC Members

Jigoro Kano 1909—1938
Seichi Kishi 1924—1933
Yotaro Sugimura 1933—1936
Michimasa Soyeshima 1934—1948
Iesato, Prince Tokugawa 1936—1939
Matsuzo Nagai 1939—1950
Shingoro Takaishi 1939—1967
Ryotaro Azuma 1950—1968
Tsuneyoshi, Prince Takeda 1967—1981
Ryotaro Azuma 1968—1983
Masaji Kiyokawa 1969—1989
Tsuneyoshi, Prince Takeda 1981—1992
Chiharu Igaya 1982—2012
Masaji Kiyokawa 1989—1999
Shunichiro Okano 1990—2012
Yoshiaki Tsutsumi 2000—2005
Chiharu Igaya 2012—
Shunichiro Okano 2012—2017
Tsunekazu Takeda 2012—2019
Morinari Watanabe 2018—
Yasuhiro Yamashita 2020—