Badminton

Facts

Discipline of Badminton
Participants 811
NOCs 69
Competitions held 34 (Venues)
Distinct events 9
IF Badminton World Federation

Description

Badminton was invented in India. It was adopted by English soldiers there in the 19th century, who brought the game to Great Britain and eventually to many other countries. The game was originally called “Poona”. The new sport took hold in England when it was exhibited there in 1873 at a party given by the Duke of Beaufort at his country estate, “Badminton”, in Gloucestershire.

Badminton was contested as a demonstration sport at the 1972 Olympic Games in München. It made its début as a full medal sport in 1992 at Barcelona. After 1972 it did not appear at the Olympics until its appearance at Barcelona on the medal program. This was then an unusual mode of entry into the Olympics, as sports were usually added after several demonstration appearances.

At the Olympics men and women compete in singles and doubles and there is a mixed doubles event. Badminton is governed by the International Badminton Federation (IBF), which was formed on 5 July 1934 in London with nine members – Canada, Denmark, England, France, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand, Scotland, and Wales. The organization was renamed to Badminton World Federation (BWF) on 24 September 2006 and has 194 members as of 2020.

Badminton has been dominated by China, Indonesia, and Korea, which have won 79 of 106 available medals through 2016, and 31 of 34 gold medals. Gao Ling (CHN) is the only badminton player to have won four medals, with six players having won three. Ten players have won two gold medals, including Gao Ling.

All-time medal table

Olympic Games

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
People's Republic of China CHN 18 8 15 41
Indonesia INA 7 6 6 19
Republic of Korea KOR 6 7 6 19
Denmark DEN 1 3 4 8
Japan JPN 1 1 1 3
Spain ESP 1 0 0 1
Malaysia MAS 0 6 2 8
Great Britain GBR 0 1 2 3
India IND 0 1 1 2
Netherlands NED 0 1 0 1
Russian Federation RUS 0 0 1 1

Youth Olympic Games

NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
People's Republic of China CHN 3 3 0 6
Mixed team MIX 2 2 2 6
Thailand THA 2 0 2 4
Malaysia MAS 1 0 0 1
India IND 0 2 0 2
Japan JPN 0 1 1 2
Indonesia INA 0 0 1 1
Republic of Korea KOR 0 0 1 1
Vietnam VIE 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Gao Ling CHN 2 1 1 4
Fu Haifeng CHN 2 1 0 3
Kim Dong-Mun KOR 2 0 1 3
Zhang Nan CHN 2 0 1 3
Zhao Yunlei CHN 2 0 1 3
Ge Fei CHN 2 0 0 2
Gu Jun CHN 2 0 0 2
Zhang Jun CHN 2 0 0 2
Lin Dan CHN 2 0 0 2
Zhang Ning CHN 2 0 0 2

Youth Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Lakshya Sen IND 1 1 0 2
He Bingjiao CHN 1 0 1 2
Sapsiree Taerattanachai THA 1 0 0 1
Pisit Poodchalat THA 1 0 0 1
Ng Tsz Yau HKG 1 0 0 1
Shi Yuqi CHN 1 0 0 1
June Wei Cheam MAS 1 0 0 1
Vannthoun Vath CAM 1 0 0 1
Brian Yang CAN 1 0 0 1
Li Shifeng CHN 1 0 0 1
Giovanni Toti ITA 1 0 0 1
Mariya Delcheva BUL 1 0 0 1
Goh Jin Wei MAS 1 0 0 1
Hasini Ambalangodage SRI 1 0 0 1
Ashwathi Pillai SWE 1 0 0 1
Jennie Gai USA 1 0 0 1

Event types

Name Gender Still contested? Times held?
Singles Men 8
Doubles Men 8
Singles Women 8
Doubles Women 7
Doubles Mixed 7
Singles Boys 3
Singles Girls 3
Doubles Mixed Youth 1
Relay Mixed Youth 1