Spain

Overview

NOCComité Olímpico Español
Flagbearers79

Participants

Olympic Games 2641
Youth Olympic Games 149

Description

In 1900, Spain was represented by 14 athletes at the Paris Olympics. A Spanish National Olympic Committee was formed in 1905. Spain next appeared on the Olympic stage in 1920, and has since missed only the 1936 Berlin Olympics, when the nation was involved in civil war. In addition, Spain boycotted Melbourne 1956 because of the Hungarian Revolt, although Spanish riders did compete in the Olympic Equestrian Games at Stockholm in 1956. Spain’s first winter appearance was in 1936 at Garmisch-Partenkirchen and it has never failed to compete in the Olympic Winter Games since. Spain has won 132 Olympic medals, 38 of them gold, with two medals having been won at the Olympic Winter Games. In 1992, Barcelona hosted the Games of the XXVth Olympiad. These Olympics proved a huge boost for Spanish Olympic performances; prior to these Olympics, Spain had won 26 medals (5 gold) in Summer Games, but it won 22 medals in Barcelona, and 82 more in subsequent Games. Madrid was also among the three finalists to host the 2020 Olympic Games. Four Spanish competitors have won two Olympic gold medals, with track cyclist Joan Llaneras also winning two silver medals. The canoeist David Cal is the only Spanish Olympian to win five medals (one gold and four silver) between 2004 and 2012.

In 1965 the Olympic Committee of Spain was awarded with the Count Alberto Bonacossa Trophy.

Participations by edition

Edition Competition Type Men Women Total
1900 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 9 0 9 Results
1920 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 58 0 58 Results
1924 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 93 2 95 Results
1928 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 80 0 80 Results
1932 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 7 0 7 Results
1936 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 4 2 6 Results
1948 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 65 0 65 Results
1948 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 6 0 6 Results
1952 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 27 0 27 Results
1952 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 4 0 4 Results
1956 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 9 0 9 Results
1956 Equestrian Olympics Olympic Games 6 0 6 Results
1960 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 133 11 144 Results
1960 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 3 1 4 Results
1964 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 48 3 51 Results
1964 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 6 0 6 Results
1968 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 120 2 122 Results
1968 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 20 0 20 Results
1972 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 118 5 123 Results
1972 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 2 1 3 Results
1976 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 103 10 113 Results
1976 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 4 0 4 Results
1980 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 146 9 155 Results
1980 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 5 3 8 Results
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 163 16 179 Results
1984 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 10 2 12 Results
1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 200 29 229 Results
1988 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 7 5 12 Results
1992 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 297 125 422 Results
1992 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 13 4 17 Results
1994 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 8 5 13 Results
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 194 95 289 Results
1998 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 7 5 12 Results
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 216 105 321 Results
2002 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 4 3 7 Results
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 177 139 316 Results
2006 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 7 9 16 Results
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 163 120 283 Results
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 25 21 46 Results
2010 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 10 8 18 Results
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 168 110 278 Results
2012 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 4 3 7 Results
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 30 36 66 Results
2014 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 14 6 20 Results
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 164 143 307 Results
2016 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 3 3 6 Results
2018 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 11 2 13 Results
2020 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 11 13 24 Results

Participations by discipline

Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 43 18 61 Results
Archery 14 8 22 Results
Art Competitions 3 0 3 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 36 49 85 Results
Artistic Swimming (Aquatics) 0 22 22 Results
Athletics 267 99 366 Results
Badminton 4 3 7 Results
Baseball (Baseball/Softball) 20 0 20 Results
Basketball (Basketball) 85 36 121 Results
Basque pelota 2 0 2 Results
Beach Volleyball (Volleyball) 8 2 10 Results
Biathlon 4 1 5 Results
Bobsleigh (Bobsleigh) 13 0 13 Results
Boxing 65 0 65 Results
Canoe Slalom (Canoeing) 12 3 15 Results
Canoe Sprint (Canoeing) 54 11 65 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 19 3 22 Results
Cycling Mountain Bike (Cycling) 8 3 11 Results
Cycling Road (Cycling) 66 11 77 Results
Cycling Track (Cycling) 41 6 47 Results
Diving (Aquatics) 12 7 19 Results
Equestrian Dressage (Equestrian) 11 2 13 Results
Equestrian Driving (Equestrian) 1 0 1 Results
Equestrian Eventing (Equestrian) 22 0 22 Results
Equestrian Jumping (Equestrian) 35 1 36 Results
Fencing 52 7 59 Results
Figure Skating (Skating) 6 5 11 Results
Football (Football) 159 0 159 Results
Freestyle Skiing (Skiing) 2 4 6 Results
Golf 2 2 4 Results
Handball 89 45 134 Results
Hockey 149 59 208 Results
Judo 25 22 47 Results
Luge 5 0 5 Results
Modern Pentathlon 15 0 15 Results
Polo 8 0 8 Results
Rhythmic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 0 37 37 Results
Rowing 98 7 105 Results
Rugby Sevens (Rugby) 13 12 25 Results
Sailing 96 26 122 Results
Shooting 73 11 84 Results
Skeleton (Bobsleigh) 1 0 1 Results
Ski Jumping (Skiing) 3 0 3 Results
Snowboarding (Skiing) 8 2 10 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 114 71 185 Results
Table Tennis 5 6 11 Results
Taekwondo 7 6 13 Results
Tennis 30 14 44 Results
Triathlon 9 8 17 Results
Volleyball (Volleyball) 21 12 33 Results
Water Polo (Aquatics) 109 17 126 Results
Weightlifting 19 4 23 Results
Wrestling 31 2 33 Results

Youth Olympic Games

Discipline (Sport) Men Women Total
3-on-3 Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 3 4 7 Results
3x3 Basketball (Basketball) 8 4 12 Results
Alpine Skiing (Skiing) 3 3 6 Results
Archery 1 2 3 Results
Artistic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 1 1 2 Results
Athletics 13 9 22 Results
Badminton 1 2 3 Results
Bobsleigh (Bobsleigh) 1 0 1 Results
Canoe Sprint (Canoeing) 1 2 3 Results
Cross Country Skiing (Skiing) 3 3 6 Results
Curling 2 2 4 Results
Cycling Road (Cycling) 3 3 6 Results
Golf 1 1 2 Results
Hockey 5s 9 0 9 Results
Ice Hockey (Ice Hockey) 1 1 2 Results
Judo 1 1 2 Results
Mixed Sports 1 2 3 Results
Modern Pentathlon 2 2 4 Results
Rhythmic Gymnastics (Gymnastics) 0 1 1 Results
Rowing 2 3 5 Results
Rugby Sevens (Rugby) 0 12 12 Results
Sailing 1 2 3 Results
Skeleton (Bobsleigh) 1 0 1 Results
Ski Mountaineering 2 2 4 Results
Snowboarding (Skiing) 1 2 3 Results
Speed Skating (Skating) 1 2 3 Results
Swimming (Aquatics) 8 8 16 Results
Taekwondo 1 1 2 Results
Triathlon 2 2 4 Results
Weightlifting 0 1 1 Results

Medals by Games

Edition Competition Type Gold Silver Bronze Total
1992 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 13 7 2 22
2016 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 7 4 6 17
2008 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 5 11 3 19
1996 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 5 6 6 17
2012 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 4 10 4 18
2004 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 11 6 20
2000 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 3 3 5 11
2014 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 2 1 6 9
2010 Summer Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 1 4 6 11
1980 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 3 2 6
1984 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 2 2 5
2020 Winter Youth Olympics Youth Olympic Games 1 1 3 5
1988 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 1 2 4
1900 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 0 1
1928 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 0 1
1972 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 1 0 0 1
1920 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 2 0 2
1976 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 2 0 2
1948 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 0 1
1952 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 1 0 1
2018 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 2 2
1932 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 1 1
1960 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 1 1
1972 Summer Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 1 1
1992 Winter Olympics Olympic Games 0 0 1 1

Medals by sport

Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Sailing 13 5 1 19
Canoe Sprint 4 7 3 14
Athletics 3 5 6 14
Cycling Track 3 3 3 9
Judo 3 1 2 6
Tennis 2 7 3 12
Swimming 2 2 4 8
Artistic Gymnastics 2 1 1 4
Cycling Road 2 1 0 3
Taekwondo 1 4 1 6
Hockey 1 3 1 5
Football 1 2 0 3
Rhythmic Gymnastics 1 2 0 3
Water Polo 1 2 0 3
Weightlifting 1 1 1 3
Equestrian Jumping 1 1 0 2
Alpine Skiing 1 0 1 2
Canoe Slalom 1 0 1 2
Archery 1 0 0 1
Badminton 1 0 0 1
Basque pelota 1 0 0 1
Basketball 0 4 1 5
Artistic Swimming 0 3 1 4
Boxing 0 2 2 4
Shooting 0 2 1 3
Cycling Mountain Bike 0 1 2 3
Equestrian Dressage 0 1 1 2
Beach Volleyball 0 1 0 1
Polo 0 1 0 1
Rowing 0 1 0 1
Triathlon 0 1 0 1
Handball 0 0 4 4
Fencing 0 0 1 1
Figure Skating 0 0 1 1
Snowboarding 0 0 1 1
Wrestling 0 0 1 1

Youth Olympic Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Athletics 2 0 0 2
Ski Mountaineering 1 0 2 3
3x3 Basketball 1 0 1 2
Swimming 0 3 2 5
Artistic Gymnastics 0 2 2 4
Speed Skating 0 1 0 1
Canoe Sprint 0 0 2 2
Judo 0 0 2 2
Taekwondo 0 0 2 2
Hockey 5s 0 0 1 1
Snowboarding 0 0 1 1

Most successful competitors

Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
Joan Llaneras ESP 2 2 0 4
Saúl Craviotto ESP 2 1 1 4
Gervasio Deferr ESP 2 1 0 3
Theresa Zabell ESP 2 0 0 2
Luis Doreste ESP 2 0 0 2
Rafael Nadal ESP 2 0 0 2
David Cal ESP 1 4 0 5
Mireia Belmonte ESP 1 2 1 4
Lydia Valentín ESP 1 1 1 3
José Navarro ESP 1 1 0 2
Daniel Ballart ESP 1 1 0 2
Manuel Estiarte ESP 1 1 0 2
Pedro García ESP 1 1 0 2
Salvador Gómez ESP 1 1 0 2
Miki Oca ESP 1 1 0 2
Sergio Pedrerol ESP 1 1 0 2
Jesús Miguel Rollán ESP 1 1 0 2
Jordi Sans ESP 1 1 0 2
Fermín Cacho ESP 1 1 0 2
Iker Martínez ESP 1 1 0 2
Xabier Fernández ESP 1 1 0 2

Youth Olympic Games

Athlete Nat Gold Silver Bronze Total
María Costa ESP 1 0 1 2
Pedro Rivadulla ESP 1 0 1 2
Lucía Togores ESP 1 0 1 2
Noel-Aman del Cerro ESP 1 0 1 2
Eva Aizpurua ESP 1 0 0 1
Pablo González ESP 1 0 0 1
Didac Salas ESP 1 0 0 1
Judit Ignacio ESP 0 2 0 2
Néstor Abad ESP 0 1 2 3
Nil Llop ESP 0 1 0 1
María Vargas ESP 0 1 0 1
Jimena Peréz ESP 0 1 0 1
Carmen Gómez ESP 0 1 0 1

IOC Members

Gonzalo, Marquis de Villamejor 1902—1921
Horacio Echevarrieta 1921—1923
Santiago, Baron de Güell 1921—1954
Jacobo Fitz-James 1924—1927
Manuel, Marquis de Pons 1928—1930
Fernando, Count de Vallellano 1931—1952
Pedro, Baron de Güell 1952—1985
Juan Antonio Samaranch 1966—2001
Pedro, Baron de Güell 1985—1993
Carlos Ferrer 1985—1998
Princess Pilar de Borbón 1996—2006
Alfredo Goyeneche 2000—2002
Manuel Estiarte 2000—2004
Juan Antonio Samaranch 2001—2010
Juan Antonio Samaranch, Jr. 2001—
Princess Pilar de Borbón 2006—2020
Marisol Casado 2010—
José Perurena 2011—